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RAP00566.pdf ((56). quatre communes du Morbihan : carentoir)
  • of fieldwork, itself part of a larger, mul t i -di sci pl i nary study of the relationship between land-u.se and settlement during the last two thousand years, took place from 21 March - 5 April and 6 -- 27 September in the communes of Ruffiac, Treal, St~Ni col as-du-Tertre , Carentoir, La
  • material; field E230, where there was also a large tile scatter, provided a parti cul arl y good example of this. Comparison of the distribution of surface material was made with the early n i neteenth-cent ur y p atterri of 1 and -use and settlement, as e v i d e n c e cl b y
  • the ancien cadastre , as usua 1 . More than three-quarters of concentrations of pottery (76.7V.) 1 ay more than 100m away from early n i net eenth-century settlements and only 12» 5% 1 ay within 50m of them» (The former is only slightly higher than distances from modem settlements
  • in the core, and more are on south- (32.7), north(18.47.) and west--facing (12.27.) slopes - again reflecting the h i g h er t op og r ap h y „ Excavations. Al 16 Excavation was designed to sample the medieva\l settlement. of Al 16, located by fieldwalking and classified as a "site
  • the natural 5 thèse can only be understood by extensive excavation,, Such large— scale work was impossible and it is therefore difficult to assess whether the area with dense pottery and phosphates marks the site of the settlement» If i t does, then much of the airchaeol ogi cal assemblage
  • The 1986 Sept ember season involved sample excavation of parts of four fields (H145, K446, H80, A92) from which 'total ' collection had previously been made (fig. i). One day (5-6 Sept) was spent. in préparation for the main season by two people. The team (consisting of volunteers from
  • of a new fabric. The ri m forms were similar to those recovered from the médiéval settlements of Plumelec and Melrand, and are probably of t. we 1 f t h t o t h i r t een t h -c en t ur y date ( An d r e , 19 74 , 32-3 5 An d r e , 1982, 168-9); see fig. 6, H145-1, 2, 3. A thick (40cm
  • , 11?/» quartzite and 6% qres) . The area appears ta have been devoted to rubbish disposai during the médiéval period; it is possible that the pit, or perhaps tree hole, was filled with mater i al from a building. Comment The results of thèse excavations are extremely usef ul
  • (from east to west s T23 , T24 , Iron Age pottery could be T25) , suc h that the areas producing of the trenches were cleaned by hand and tested. The si des part of the plough soil was excavated by recorded; the lowest features located thereby. The trenches were hand, as were
  • a 1 ow and even scatter of médiéval and post-medi eval pottery; small quanti ties of Iron Age pottery were also recovered (not more than two sherds from a five-metre square), most coming from the western third of the field. Médiéval and post-med i eval pottery distribution
  • suggested a manuring scatter; that of the Iron Age was possibly derived from occupation (cf. A116). The aim of the excavation was therefore to test. thèse suggestions. The even nature of the médiéval pottery distribution meant that there was no obvions area for excavation, and so
  • the first trench was placed over one of the 'concentrations' of Iron Age pottery. Initial ly ai 6m square (T15) was excavated as at Al 16, A92 and H145, and then five trenches (1 mètre wide) were eut north-south across the field at 30m intervais using a machine (from west to east. T16/17
  • . The détail* of the pottery excavated, compared with that recovered by field walkinq, is tabula\ted below» The increase of prehi stor i c material with depth would argue that. it was derived from subsoil features of that. daite. Rock fragments, of which 307. were roofing slate and 507
  • (277.), greywacke (147.) and quartz (107.). The stone may have been used when the pit was used for firing, piled on to the south si de, and then pushed back. No finds were recovered from this feature. Half a mètre to the north a pit containing burnt clay fragments was excavated (18
  • ) and may have been associated with the pit 19. Trench 20 Five ditches were excavated in this trench (33, 34, 35/50, 37/51, 40), and the détails are tabulated below. Ditch 40 included some blocks of hard stone similar to those from T19 (59). In two cases the ditches appear to have been
  • reçut (35/50, 37/51). Trench 21 Four ditches were excavated (41, 42, 47, 49), détails of which are given below. The only other feature wais a modem tree hole (46) ". Trench 22 S by 4m was cleared of approx i matel y An irregular area Of plough soil and a deposit of hard stone
  • as H80, and indeed H145, as a p r o d u c t. o f m a n u r i n g . The évidence that. has corne from K446 and more certainly H80 would suggest that small surface scatters of prehistoric pottery
  • T15 and T16 clearly do so. Although there is no défi ni te structural évidence, the assemblage coming from the pit group 7 can only be interpreted as settlement débris. The pottery forms suggest a very late Iron Age, or very early Roman , date» The similarity in form and fabric
  • that outlying parts were contemporary» The absence of prehistoric pottery from the areas around thèse ditches may imply that they do not enclose other parts of the settlement» The occurrence of pits beyond the area of settlement that have been used for burning might argue for spécial i sed
  • involved fieldwalking over large areas at wide intervais, as in 1982 85, in the four core communes; sampling in the communes surrounding the core? and excavation of parts of a field from which 'total' collection had previously been made. Two days (21-22 March) were spent in préparation
RAP00568.pdf ((56). quatre communes du Morbihan : carentoir)
  • of pasture north of H132, in order to investigate the farmer's report of large blocks of stone coming from the area. It had eighteenth- and ni netee^nth-centur y pottery in the ploughsoil, but neither structures nor features were revealed. The square was excavated in the same way as B409
  • /79, H 132, 874, L26, D153) from which 'total' collection had previously been made (fig. 1). Of thèse, A92 had been started in 1986 and remained to finish. The ai rn of thèse smal 1 excavations was the investigation of surf ace/'sub-surf ace rel at i onshi ps; fields were selected
  • some pièces were 5mm across. This layer varied in thickness -from 0.75m on the eastern, up-slope, side o-f the trench to 0.38m on the west. At the east end the top sur-face o-f 2 curved as i -f the layer had been mounded up. This layer could not be total ly excavated over the whole
  • o-f the trench because o-f lack of space for the spoil, so the trench was reduced in size to 6 X 3m. The pottery from this layer (2), like the stone fragments, provides a complète contrast with that of the plough soil. 61 sherds were found, ail of which were Irôn Age, the most
  • an agr i cul tural phase at a time when the topography of the field was not so pronounced. The pits eut into this layer represent a change in land-use and presumably indicate the présence of a nearby Iron-Age settlement. The clean and pottery-free fills would argue against use
  • was not présent in such quanti ti es. Although the area excavated was so small, it is sufficient to reveal that this zone is of exceptional importance as a long-used settlement area - Iron Age, Roman nearby to the south east, two seigneurial sites hardby (Le Bois Guillaume and La Touche au
  • sett 1 ement . In 1986 the plough soil in T2B
  • and post-medi eval pottery was of a modérât e quanti ty (maximum 5 sherds per square) and appear ed to be evenly distributed over the field, and derived from manuring. It therefore seemed likely that the brick and tile concentration might indicate an isolated settlement, unrelated
  • to the cadastral settlement pattern. The excavation method was the same as that used on K446 in 1986 (Asti 11 and Davies 1987, 112-13). A lm-wide trench was eut by machine from the ridge down the slope so that it went through the tile concentration and sectioned the earthworks (T39
  • as wel 1 as curving pièces which might have corne from the arch of a hearth or furnace; none of the pièces, however, was mortared. The stone included large blocks of shaped quartz i te, quartz, a little sandstone (Gres) and one block of burnt granité. The main purpose of cutting T46
  • ). There was a sub-rect anqul ar pit në;
  • the second century, or even in the prehi stor i c period, since i t does not respect, any of the? demonstrâbly Roman ditches or pits (see fig. 4). It is, however, différent from other s that have been excavated: the 1 ynchet lacks a ditch or bank at its core, as did Tl , T2, and T35 (see
  • %). Some of the Brioverian shale was tooled; and the quartzite was di st i net i vel y like that recovered in 1986 from excavations on H80 1km away (Astill and Davies 1987, 116). In maki ng the extension a gap of about lm was left between the corner and the new wall to make a doorway
  • of the relationship between land-use and settlement during the 1 ast two thousand years, took place from 25 August - 1 October in the communes of Ruffiac, Tréal , St-Ni col as-du-Tertre and Carentoir, in the department of Morbihan in eastern Brittany. The ai m of the study is to détermine when
  • that had provided a wide range of différent surface data so that excavation might produce results that would allow interprétation of the whole mass of surface mater i al. Three days (25 - 27 August) were spent in préparation for the main season by two people, in addition to two spécial
  • five-day planning trips by two in September 1987 and April 1988. The team, consisting of volunteers from a wide range of places, numbered twenty-six, including the directors, one finds assistant and three supervisors; it worked for f i ve weeks from 28 August, with four days off
  • , and only two days were lost because of rain; however , the gênerai dryness meant that the ground was hard and made for very heavy working. EBS 88 B409 (Carentoir Zft 161) B409 lies on a west-facing si ope near the settlement of Le Eiois Guillaume, documentée! from the eighteenth
  • pottery (maximum 5 sherds per square) was more evenly spread. Smal 1 quanti ti es of brick and tile (maximum 0 .5kg per square) were uhevenl y distributed, but tended to concentrate in the south of the field, away from the cl Lister i ng of pre—médiéval and médiéval pottery
  • in four 0.1m spits. Ail the spits produced appr ox i matel y the same relative proportions of pottery; the total 127 sherds comprised 6"/. pre-medieval (6 Iron-Age, 1 Roman), 88"/. médiéval and 67. post-medi eval wares. The médiéval pottery was very largely (947.) of Fabric 1
  • ) of introduced stone pink siltstone (K-01M) , Brioverian shale (B2-3) , sandstone (02) and many lumps of fine black siltstone (03-4), of a quality often used for roofing, material which occurs natural ]y about lkm, away (58kg, 317. of stone excavated ) . A layer of yel 1 owi sh-brown sandy
RAP00565.pdf ((56). quatre communes du Morbihan : carentoir)
  • : transects will be taken radially from the area of intensive study, and fields within them walked at 50m intervais. Excavation of Allô will begin, in order to ascertain the relationship of this year's excavated features with the settlement and at the same time make some assessment
  • collection; phosphate analysis and soil magnetic susceptibil ity survey of the four selected areas; and excavation of part of a bank and lynchet near a field from which 'total' collection had previously been made. Three days (21-23 March) were spent in préparation by three people
  • , but sixteen worked flints were recovered, three from transect L, three from C and ten from F, and also a stone axe, the stone of which has yet to be identified (F117). Two possible areas of ridge and furrow were noted, along with fourteen lynchets and eight (mostly substantial) old banks
  • cadastre, as usual. More than three-quarters of the concentrations (80.2%) lay more than 100m away from early nineteenth-century settlements and only 7.5% lay within 50m of them. (This is not signif icantly différent from distances from modem settlements). Surface material tends
  • samples for future phosphate analysis were taken from the topsoil in ail squares, at 5m intervais, and soil magnetic suscepti bi 1 i ty readings were also taken at 5m intervais, at the spot from which samples had been lifted. Fluxgate gradiometer readings were not taken since 1984
  • was recorded, the field being the same size and shape as at présent but divided into bandes; an area of 1 ande lay to the north and the nearest settlement (La Boulardaie) lay 130m away. Pottery, building material and schi ste were collected from an area of 1 hectare, distributed ail over
  • size is 0.44 hectare. In the early nineteenth century it was part of an area of water meadow, 250m from the nearest settlement of Le Cleu. 0.3 Roman sherds per square were collected (2.11g), with 0.4 médiéval sherds (1.63g), 0.31 post-medieval sherds (1.71g) and 2.38 fragments
  • the same alignaient as the lynchet. The ditch was fi 1 1 ed with a homogeneous silty loam which contained two sherds of médiéval pottery and two pièces of (? médiéval) tile. The fill of the ditch was indistinguishable from the overlying thick 1 ayer of loam, which constituted the main
  • it was exploited as meadow, apparently in the early post-medieval period. The range of pottery found in both field boundaries reflects closely that recovered from 'total' collection of Allô. The désertion of the médiéval settlement may have been connected with the remodelling of this area when
  • of the last year pollen analysis has been carried out on samples taken during 1984, in particular from buried soils beneath banks in woods near Le Vivier (not far from the excavation site) and Le Rond Point (Carentoir), areas of extensive 1 ande in the early nineteenth century. Although
  • of phosphate concentrations at the deserted médiéval settlement at Kerlano. This site, partially excavated by M. Patrick André nearly twenty years ago, is located in the granité upland of the Landes de Lanvaux, 30km west of the study area, and is the nearest known surviving médiéval
  • settlement (André 1974). At least one building in the settlement had a central hearth, and middens (represented by pottery dumps) were located around the buildings immediately outside their walls. In an attempt to understand phosphate concentrations and magnetic susceptibil i ty readings
  • from the fields of the study area, and to pursue the problem of surface scatter arising from middens, it was decided to investigate phosphate and magnetic susceptibil ity readings from this known settlement with its known pattern of rubbish disposai. In December 1984 soil samples
  • there, with some useful focussing on early modem, pre-cadastral use: the relevant problems are those of distinguishing manuring from settlement scatters and of determining the extent of scatter generated from inhabited buildings (Astill and Davies 1984c: 55-8). It is even clearer that crude
  • and cadastral settlements. In the particular case of Roman wares, only small quantities have been recovered and the 'total' collections made from D221 and B347 both suggest that Roman sites generate little pottery on the surface, though they may produce large quantities of brick and tile. 0f
  • of Trignac and on the western outskirts of Carentoir village, a striking contrast with that collected around Treal centre in 1984 (Astill and Davies 1984c: 56). In fact, the combination of material again suggests that modem settlements generate little scatter and that - in this study area
  • and early twentieth centuries. Given that vacated buildings are often left to di sintegrate , collapsed buildings are likely to leave a surface scatter of schi ste; where this is distinguishable from natural, the distinction ought I \ to be noted since the material may be just
  • quarry samples and some further limited testing of 'total' collection sites would therefore be useful, particularly from a site with a known, though collapsed, cadastral settlement; the nature of the red/yellow schi stes unevenly distributed on A107 and the grey/green schi ste
  • introduced into the field bounded by the lynchets and eut by Trench 1, need some further investigation. The next season Next year will see two main seasons of fieldwork: fieldwalking and small excavation from 22 March - 5 April 1986 and three weeks of excavation during September
  • of the quai ity of préservation of sites; two 25m squares within the field have already been prospected using a f 1 uxgate gradiometer in order to assist choice of areas for excavation. Thereafter further sites from which 'total' collection has been made will be investigated in small areas
RAP00567.pdf ((56). quatre communes du Morbihan : carentoir)
  • where a 'temple' is sited (R8) , was observed to have a ploughed-out stone building, apparently unrecorded and suggesting a larger complex of buildings than has previously been supposée) Gai 1 i a 1977). Slag was collected from both R8 and R9; that from RS is tap slag, produced
  • EAST BRITTANY SURVEY 1987 PU EAST BRITTANY SURVEY - OUST/VILAINE WATERSHED EASTER 1987 The seventh season in a programme of fieldwork, itself part of a larger, mul ti -di sci pl i nary study of the relationship between 1 and-use and settlement during the last two thousand
  • to existing settlements was much the same as found in the core communes, with slightly fewer concentrations at distances above 300m from modem dwellings. In ail cases material tends to occur within 50 and 300m of settlements - in P, for example, 33.37. of concentrations lie within 100
  • and 200m, 357. in M, 25.87. in R. The most notable character i st i c is the fact that the highest proportions of material do not occur in the immédiate vicinity of settlements; patterns in the core are extremely comparable. Walking within the town of Malestroit and on the edges
  • used locally for building, especially roofing, materials was also recorded for each field (though not collected). Thèse materials were not carried for long distances (10—20km maximum) but can usually be clearly di st i ngui shed from local natural , and o-f ten have nail holes
  • was found near Le Boschet, Château de la Boulaye, 'Château Gaillard' (ail in M) and near le Mur (R) . There are, however, two cases of such material being found near (apparently) non-seigneurial settlements 300m from Comblessac in R and 100m from La Rigaudiere, 1km south of Pipriac, in M
  • Roman settlements in Missiriac (P) and Comblessac (R) . In Missiriac the scatter associated with the excavated bath-house at Bermagouet continuée! to the west of the excavation for at least 250m (Gallia 1977: 346-7). In Comblessac, a field (R9) , adjacent to the field near Le Mur
  • st i es of the former, was separated from the Ruf f i ac/Carentoir core by the great Bruc 'blank'. Work outside the main season. 19B6—B7 During the past year work has continuée) on other aspects of the project, both field and archivai. Mi cromorphol ogi cal analysis of soi 1
  • samples from the 198é> excavations has been undertaken by Anne Gebhardt, under the supervision of Marie-Agnès Courty. Analysis of pottery fabrics has continuée), the sorting and classification of fabrics from the three 19B6 seasons now being half completed. Further work on local
  • : CRAA. 14, 111-20. Gai lia. 35 (1977): annual report. 19Bé> 'Prospections archéologiques mars-avril 19B6', Dossiers du Direction des Antiquités de Bretagne Galliou, P. 1977 'Les importations céramiques du IVe siècle en Armorique', Fi ql i na . 2, 85-95. 8
  • years, took place from 20 March - 4 April in the communes surrounding Ruffiac, Treal , St-Ni col as-du-Tertre and Carentoir, in the departments of Morbihan and 1 1 1 e-et-Vi 1 ai ne in eastern Brittany. The aim of the study is to détermine when, how and why the exploitation
  • as, Treal and Carentoir, together with sélective geophysical and geochemical surveys, and small excavations to test results; compl ementary envi ronmental analysis is also being undert aken , as is a sùrvey of ail standing buildings in the core. The complète study involves (amongst other
  • landscape
  • , Reading, Cardiff and York) numbered twenty-two, ' including the directors, and worked for twel ve deiys, from 22 March, with one day off. Six people went in advance, and worked for one day beforehand. Overall, 330 mandays were spent on this year ' s season, including travelling time
  • ) Sampling was organized in three 2km transects radiating from the core (P, M and R) and thèse were wal ked in the same way as Transects A to L within the core and Transect N outside it, in 1982-6. Transect P ran due west to the River Oust for 4.1km from the western boundary of Ruffiac
  • (from the area of La Sourigaie to La Houssaie), passing through the communes of Missiriac and Malestroit and the northern outskirts of the town of Malestroit; Transect R ran north east for 7.75km from Trelo to Le Mur at the north-east corner of Carentoir, passing through the communes
  • within thèse transects were walked at 50m intervais, using collection units of 100m; some were too sodden for effective and damage-free surface collection. Field conditions, features, présence of varieties of schi ste and local pronunci at i ons were noted on standardi sed recording
  • (752 ha.), and 14.67. of the portion of Transect R walked (197 ha.): see fig. 2. Two sets of cropmarks, one platform and two areas of ridge and furrow were noted in M, together with forty-one lynchets; four and three lynchets, respect i vel y , were noted in P and R. 32.82kg
  • of pottery, 161.72kg of man-made building material, 23 from thèse flints and 611.72g of haematite were recovered transects , together with two worked pièces of quartz (from M). This breaks down, by transect, as follows: Brick/tile kg 18. 49 P M 121 . 77 21 . 46 R Pre-Rom. Pottery 1 . 47
  • of surface scatters Di scussi on Clearly the character of the surface material differs from transect to transect. Transects P and M had areas which produced a little pre-Roman pottery - as had Transect N - a phenomenon that is extremely rare in the core communes (Asti 11 and Davies 1986
RAP00129.pdf (PLOULEC'H (22). le Yaudet. rapport de sondage et de prospection-inventaire.)
  • t o have come from t h e s i t e (Sanquer 1983). Several excavations extensive nature. have taken place b u t none o f an I n 1935 a number o f s k e l e t o n s were d i s c o v e r e d c l o s e t o t h e church (parcelle 29). They were w i t h o u t d a t i n g
  • ; Iron Age soil accumulation=niveau de l'Age du Fer; Roman gate structure and road=porte et voie romaines; Roman soil accumulation=niveau d'époque romaine; hillwash=colluvionnement). THE LE YAUDET PROJECT First Interim Report on the excavations 1991 by Barry Cunliffe and Patrick
  • h e Baie de l a V i e r g e , a wide e s t u a r y a t t h e mouth o f t h e r i v e r Leguer. The promontory, r o u g h l y r e c t a n g u l a r i n shape, i s separated from t h e mainland by a deep v a l l e y a l o n g which t h e minor road from Le Yaudet v i l l a g e t
  • h e headland from t h e mainland was u t i l i z e d as p a r t o f t h e d e f e n s i v e system i n t h e pre-Roman p e r i o d by t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a rampart along i t s n o r t h - w e s t e r n edge running from a prominent granite Beaumanoir, a t t h e
  • f t h e a n c i e n t v i l l a g e o f Le Yaudet and t h e r e l i c o f i t s f a r m l a n d , now abandoned. The s i t e was a c q u i r e d by t h e Departement o f Cote du Nord i n 1980, a t t h e r e q u e s t o f t h e Commune, t o p r o t e c t i t from development
  • i s c o v e r i e s made over t h e years have been c o n v e n i e n t l y summarized by L. Pape (1978, ASSASS) t o which may now be added a discussion o f C e l t i c and C a r t h a g i n i a n c o i n s from a n i n e t e e n t h c e n t u r y c o l l e c t i o n thought
  • a l (Garlan 1969). Finally, i n 1978, a s m a l l sondage was dug t o examine a c i r c l e , which appeared on an a i r photograph, i n advance o f t h e c r e a t i o n o f a car park. P o t t e r y o f Bronze Age type was r e p o r t e d . It i s c l e a r from
  • the archaeological i n v e s t i g a t i o n s and casual d i s c o v e r i e s and from t h e h i s t o r i c a l r e c o r d (De La B o r d e r i e 1853, 1896; Fleuriot considerable h i s t o r i c a l 1954b) t h a t Le Yaudet i s a site of potential: the promontory has produced
  • a range o f p r e h i s t o r i c m a t e r i a l t h e f o r t i f i c a t i o n c r e a t i n g t h e eperon baree may be o f Late Bronze Age o r I r o n Age date t h e d i s c o v e r y o f C a r t h a g i n i a n and Armorican c o i n s suggests » - use i n t h e Middle and Late I
  • landscape l i e s t h e s t r u c t u r e o f t h e settlement and i t s economic hinterland dating t o the f i f t e e n t h and s i x t e e n t h c e n t u r i e s . . _ The p r e s e n t r e s e a r c h The design e x c a v a t i o n s o f 1991 were designed t o answer a l i
  • i v e r s i t y o f O x f o r d , under t h e d i r e c t i o n o f P a t r i c k G a l l i o u and Barry Cunliffe. Excavation, employing a team o f French and B r i t i s h a r c h a e o l o g i s t s , took p l a c e f o r a p e r i o d o f two weeks ( 1 5 26 J u l y
  • f A n t i q u a r i e s o f London. The e x c a v a t i o n o f 1991 To approach t h e q u e s t i o n s r a i s e d i n t h e i n i t i a l d e s i g n i t was decided t o excavate research two t r e n c h e s , one (Trench 1) i n p a r c e l l e 20, i n t h e l e e o f t h
  • e rampart, t h e o t h e r (Trench 2) immediately adjacent m a r i t i m e gate. t o Fleuriot's excavation o f t h e Roman The aim o f Trench 1 was t o t e s t t h e s t r a t i g r a p h i e sequence i n an area where t h e s u r v i v a l o f a r c h a e o l o g i c a l
  • d e p o s i t s was l i k e l y t o be good, w h i l e Trench 2 was l o c a t e d t o examine t h e s t r a t i g r a p h y i m m e d i a t e l y behind t h e Roman d e f e n s i v e w a l l . results, as w i l l be apparent from t h e d e s c r i p t i o n The t o follow
  • 0.4 m. The purpose o f the f e a t u r e i s u n c l e a r b u t i t may have been p a r t o f a q u a r r y p r o v i d i n g m a t e r i a l f o r t h e construction The (layer o f t h e I r o n Age rampart. quarry s i l t e d 20) c o n t a i n i n g naturally with a layer
  • o c c u p a t i o n a l a c t i v i t y which can be dated on t h e b a s i s o f a s s o c i a t e d p o t t e r y t o t h e end o f t h e I r o n Age. Phase 3. Phase 3 r e p r e s e n t s t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n , use and subsequent d e s t r u c t i o n o f a s u b s t
  • PLOULECH Le Yaudet Site multi-périodes PROSPECTION E T SONDAGES MINISTERE DE LA CULTURE, DE LA COMMUNICATION ET DES GRANDS TRAVAUX S o u s - D i r e c t i o n de 1/Archéologie CIRCONSCRIPTION DES ANTIQUITES DE BRETAGNE n" 01-3 l 6 H AUTORISATION TEMPORAIRE DE PROSPECTION v a l a b
  • o n en éperon barré âge du Fer / haut Moyen-âge L i e u de c o n s e r v a t i o n : dépôt D.A.B. Guingamp JUSTIFICATION DE L'INTERVENTION: f o u i l l e programmée envisagée S u p e r f i c i e du sondage : 150 m 2 ORIGINE ET MONTANT DES CREDITS EVENTUELLEMENT ATTRIBUES : 15
  • préciser en p a r t i c u l i e r l a dévolution du m o b i l i e r éventuellement découvert. Le t i t u l a i r e t i e n d r a régulièrement au courant l a C i r c o n s c r i p t i o n des Antiquités de s e s t r a v a u x e t découvertes. En f i n de travaux, un rapport en deux
  • demande de l'intéressé. DESTINATAIRES : Intéressé Sous-Direction de l'Archéologie Préfecture Mairie Gendarmerie D i r e c t e u r Régional des A f f a i r e s C u l t u r e l l e s A r c h i v e s de l a C i r c o n s c r i p t i o n F a i t à RENNES, l e Le D i r e c t e u r , fis
RAP03449 ((56). Autour du Golfe du Morbihan, les landes de Lanvaux et le sud de la vallée de la Vilaine. Rapport de PD 2016)
  • of upstanding structural remains including large rectilinear ramparts of probable Iron Age origin, several rough stone buildings and walls from the Mediaeval period. These remains encompass an area c.1ha in size. Recent discovery of Gallo-Romain and medieval pottery indicate
  • Coet Sürho: alluvial soils overlying granite and gneiss Pen Castel: rendzinas overlying granite Recent discovery of mediaeval ceramic and building debris at Coet Sürho (Muzillac) suggests the locations of 2 potential medieval settlements dating th th from the 13 -15 century. Survey
  • that the fortification has been a focus for prolonged settlement following initial construction in the Iron Age. Magnétométrie OBJECTIFS DE L’ÉTUDE Cette étude géophysique avait pour objectif de déterminer le lieu, la forme et l’étendue de vestiges archéologiques enfouis dans les lieux
  • small-scale ferrous responses are evident throughout the results from both survey at Coet Sürho (M1-4) and Pen Castel. These mostly represent modern ferrous debris contained within the topsoil and are not discussed in the results section of the report unless deemed relevant. Large
  • of anomaly 17 and W of 23 likely derive from natural soil/geological variation. Further potentially significant responses include a linear arrangement of anomalies (20) running almost parallel with the upstanding Iron Age ramparts enclosing the site; several weak linear © Target Client
  • : en haut à gauche : tumulus, Langario (Baden) ; en haut à droite : bâtiment gallo-romain, probable grenier, Bézidalan (Elven) ; en bas à gauche : enclos ploygonal et traces de parcellaire, la Vallée (Péaule) ; en bas à droite : maçonnerie de la fin du Moyen Age ou du début de
  • archéologique 1 Allaire le Bois-Guy enclos protohistoire et Moyen Age 3 Arradon Langat Antiquité 5 Arzon Pen-Castel tronçon de la voie antique Vannes/Locmariaquer éperon barré, site castral médiéval 8 8 Baden Baden Langario Kerispert 12 Béganne Les Alliers 12 Béganne 12
  • Datation protohistoire à Moyen-Age tumulus possible diverticule de la voie antique Vannes/Locmariaquer chapelle Age du Bronze Antiquité Le Moulin Martin système d'enclos protohistoire et Moyen Age Béganne Logerais enclos protohistoire et Moyen Age 15 Berric Le Bois Roger
  • enclos et fossés parcellaires Age du Fer/Antiquité 20 Bohal La Béraudaie enclos et gisement de surface Age du Fer/Antiquité 20 28 Bohal Caden Le Gage Coëtqui enclos système d'enclos Age du Fer protohistoire à Moyen Age 28 33 Caden Carentoir Craslon Le château de Launay
  • enclos ferrier 53 Elven Bézidalan 53 53 Elven Elven Bodual Penroh bâtiment antique dépendance d'une villa gisement de surface carrières Age du Fer fin du 2nd Age du Fer au Moyen-Age Antiquité 54 Erdeven Kerzénan enclos Age du Fer/Antiquité 58 58 Férel Férel Le Gastre
  • La Métairie Neuve ferrier ferrier 58 67 Férel GrandCha mp Trémorel Le Guernanderff enclos enclos Antiquité Age du Fer/MoyenAge Antiquité Age du Fer/Antiquité données complémentaires et n° d'EA 56/005/0015-0016 MoyenAge/époque moderne Antiquité MoyenAge/époque moderne 56
  • /033/0023 56/053/0033 56/053/0036 Nouvelle découverte 77 Le Guerno Le Gréhando enclos Age du Fer/Antiquité 108 Larré Kériel - La croix Devin tumulus Age du Bronze 108 Larré Kériel - Le clos Kériel tumulus Age du Bronze 108 109 Larré Lauzach Tranhouët La Motte
  • tumulus enclos Age du Bronze protohistoire et Moyen Age 115 Locmaria Grandchamp Talhouët enclos Age du Fer/Antiquité 121 Lorient Hôtel Gabriel aménagement hydraulique (citerne ?) 143 Muzillac Le Moustéro chapelle et cimetière époques moderne et contemporaine MoyenAge
  • /époque moderne 143 Muzillac Trégren système d'enclos protohistoire à Moyen-Age 149 NoyalMuzillac Le Grand Closne enclos protohistoire et Moyen Age 149 NoyalMuzillac Le Petit Closne manoir MoyenAge/époque moderne 153 Péaule La Vallée enclos protohistoire et Moyen
  • Age 153 Péaule Signon enclos protohistoire et Moyen Age 164 171 Ploeren Pluherlin Poulpri Le Frotage tumulus enclos Age du Bronze protohistoire et Moyen Age 171 Pluherlin bâtiment antique Antiquité 171 171 Pluherlin Pluherlin tumulus tumulus Age du Bronze Age du
  • Bronze 175 Plumergat La Maison Neuve Bodevrel Le Moulin Rouge Kermaréchal enclos protohistoire et Moyen Age 177 Pluvigner Toul er Bic enclos Age du Fer/Antiquité 221 Saint-Jacutles-Pins Le Bois-Guy enclos protohistoire et Moyen Age 229 Saint-Martin La Santé ferrier
  • 231 Saint-Nolff Kerfléac'h 234 Beg-en-Aud 251 260 St-PierreQuiberon Theix Vannes amphore - découverte isolée éperon barré - découvertes isolées de mobilier tumulus ancien Hôtel de Cleiss, chambre des comptes, maison de ville, mairie fin du 2nd Age du Fer au Moyen-Age Age du
  • Fer 260 Vannes Kernicole Place Lucien Laroche Rue des remparts maison Age du Fer Age du Bronze MoyenAge/époque contemporaine époques moderne et contemporaine 56/234/0024 260 Vannes Place de la Libération ancienne chapelle StMichel et cimetière MoyenAge/époque moderne
  • 260 Vannes Rue des Tribunaux ancienne église SaintSalomon MoyenAge/époque moderne 261 La VraieCroix Kerlapin enclos Age du Fer/Antiquité La présentation des fiches de découverte s’effectue dans l’ordre de la numérotation INSEE des communes et dans l’ordre alphabétique
  • découvertes Age du Bronze Age du Fer Age du Fer/Antiquité Antiquité Moyen Age/époque moderne Epoques moderne et contemporaine Protohistoire au Moyen Age Protohistoire et Moyen Age Fin du 2nd âge du Fer au Moyen Age Total données complémentaires 8 3 8 5 7 2 2 9 2 46 1 2 1 1 5 Age du
RAP03316.pdf (PLOUHINEC (29). Ménez-Dregan 1 : des Prénéandertaliens aux Néandertaliens à l'extrême ouest de l'Europe. Rapport de FP)
  • concernant Menez-Dregan 1 s'intègrent dans l'axe thématique I du programme de l'UMR 7194 (MNHN, Paris), « Dynamique des premiers peuplements humains » surtout dans le thème 2 "Les groupes humains à bifaces et hachereaux en Eurasie" (dans ce site Colombanien, les bifaces sont plutôt
RAP01768.pdf (le mésolithique en Bretagne. rapport de projet collectif de recherches)
  • dans les Côtes d'Armor : résumé de la campagne 2000-2001 47 V. EXPLOITATION DES RESSOURCES MARINES 51 1. La Malacofaune 51 1 PCR - Le Mésolithique en Bretagne - Rapport 2001 2. Reconnaissance de quelques espèces communes de crustacés (crabes et balanes) : application au
  • Universités de Paris I, de Brest et de Belfast - S.R.A. - Service archéologique du Finistère) pendant une durée de trois ans. L'objectif est de coordonner les travaux concernant la période mésolithique sur la Bretagne, en dégageant de nouvelles articulations entre les champs de
  • Croix-Audran, les unités de fouilles définies (le V* de mètre carré) semblent être un adroit compromis entre l'acquisition des données spatiales, le nécessaire tamisage à l'eau pour recueillir les petits éléments (les plus informatifs) et le temps imparti à l'opération. Stéphane
  • , l'établissement de fouilles de grande ampleur sur un site mésolithique du Finistère aurait un effet dynamisant pour la recherche sur cette période, en suscitant de nouvelles problématiques, dans un constant allerretour entre prospections et excavations. 3. Mise en place d'une base de données
  • II/-7. Kerliézoc (Plouvien). Sondages 2001. 1-7 et 9-10 . triangles scalènes ; 8 . triangle isocèle : 11 : pièce à dos 12 : pointe à troncature oblique : 13 : segment ; 14-22 : troncatures ; 23 : grattoir sur éclat ; 24 : denticulé sur éclat. Figure I/I-8. Kerliézoc (Plouvien
  • ). Sondages sauf n"4, 7 et 9 surface 2001. I : denticulé sur éclat ; 2 et 5 : troncatures sur éclat ; 3 : pièce esquillée ; 4 : troncature inverse sur éclat ; 6 et 8 : nucleus unipolaires ; 7 ; nucleus bipolaire sur une même face ; 9 : nucleus à éclats sur éclat. Figure II/-9. Kerlièzoc
  • (Plouvien). 1-8 : surface 2001 ; 9 : carré A 17 niveau l. I : pointe à soie ; 2-7 : trapèzes symétriques ; 8 : nucleus leva/lois à éclat préférentiel ; 9 : nucleus unipolaire principal (exploitation faciale). Silex, hormis 2-3 et 8-9 : microquartzite FL. Figure 111-10. La Presqu 'île
  • scalène ; 25 armature triangulaire ; 26 tirangle scalène ; 27 : monotroncature : 28 : raclette ou flèche tranchante ; 29 : lamelle à dos (23-27 et 29 : silex ; 28 : grès lustré). Figure III- II. La Presqu'île (Brennilis). Rivage 2001 (1 à 6) et planigraphie (7 à 12). I : coche ; 2
RAP03345.pdf (QUIBERON (56). Beg-er-Vil : Un habitat du Mésolithique sur le littoral du Morbihan. Rapport de FP)
  • . Dernière semaine de fouille en 2015, déjà hors de l'amas. Les fouilleurs à droite s'active sur les pierres plantées indicatrices de trous de piquets (structure I) (Photo : G. Marchand). 15 Campagne 2016 16 Beg-er-Vil (Quiberon, Morbihan) Figure 6 (page précédente) – Plan des
RAP01557.pdf (PLOULEC'H (22). le Yaudet. rapport final de synthèse de fouille programmée 1996-1998)
  • varié et abondant. Lieu de dépôt du mobilier : Oxford (temp.), Guingamp (dépôt de f.) (définitif). Fig. 1 Le Yaudet. Plan de situation. r V' ' - z - - '•'-''¡f/r' J l ' i ' / ^ ; --- .fi r - - - - - - ' '^-j iU ^- -- Ô 1 ( i'.Vi ' ; ' s 1 i \ s V V \ À ' ^ 1 r
  • " , / \ •. , V tlI ! ,• ,: V \ •7— . t\ A J! " ^^ V \ 1\i / I n iv Í '' •I• ,•> I/• ;i \ \ c:-—f tti 1 Ä 1' ' 1 •) > . , Í ' ? /c^vA'i^ ' — ' * ' —^ va; \ , ; 1 Ì ^^ > M' ' I \ " , jy/J'/ r.' I ; J / w E l \ ^ .'• /.V /, i tl'.'-i >/ i Vy-'th 1 II;-( \ \ •' I
  • .,-r >. 1 .. y ^ . J '•-..V. V ^ co ft ' \ • îM i f ..g ® =iO C .D Q- co Fig. 2 Le Yaudet. Plan général du promontoire. LE YAUDET, PLOULEC'H -Poste du Douane ^ • ^ \ VI », \ » OiA ' «i^ / / /•/y / / ' / ^y Rochers'^\ du Chateau . / . . y -Si / /•/ / Les
  • (tranchée 34). Nous avons par ailleurs commencé d'examiner la porte du Bas Empire romain édifiée au pied des rochers de Beaumanoir (tranchée 33). Fig. 3. Le Yaudet. La partie nord du promontoire. Implantation des sondages. a?: ' / - !—-(.> «Kl / I /// / / I îCt-V"'*' 'JlkL
  • : Wmmy'ipr'ï -s I Hill!! s pàMmÌ I Iii Ì / \ ! Il i j a ///, O i ^ . i h i- ; i íúi' íV. K 2 Ü2 Jp e o 2 o, J OH.•a3 Q c (U D < a c^ W K! • \ N 31 \ v _ — ^ ^ Fig. 4. Le Yaudet. La partie sud du promontoire, implantation des sondages. - ll^ Le relevé topographique du
  • : La porte terrestre Age du Bronze Finale Fig. 14. Le Yaudet. Tranchées 16N, 18^, 24, 30, 32. Matrice. C O c "co E 0o •o 0 Ü u. _o 0 CD Q. CO CD o D co c o o KD er 05 . KD x: o c o 2 CO ki> o CO 0 KD sz o c CO m LL 0 •D g V0 o. — i (D M — •D 0
  • CD •O x: o c CO LO 00 in io ' (M CO 0Ô O CO CM LU CO CM 0 KD KI> CD x: CO CD ^CD JZ Ü c 03 o c CO u. CO Q. LU E ÎE CD — i 0 CD 00 I O) O) CD "O D CO CD (DI(D
  • Finale 7 — — 7 i i ^ 7 S â ^ Fig. 25. Le Yaudet. La porte terrestre d'époque romaine. Matrice. Le Yaudet 1998: La porte terrestre romain (Tranchée 33) Médiéval postérieur Romain (427) (455) F551 F528 F549 = F537/F557 F529 F554 F553 F552 Age du Fer ? F555/F534 F570
  • la chronologie: Mésolithique-Néolithique-A. du Bronze- A. du Fer-Galloromain-Haut Moyen Age- Moyen Age-Moderne • sur la nature des vestiges immobiliers : remparts - porte -voie- habitats - fontaine • sur la nature des vestiges mobiliers : poterie - monnaie - objets de bronze, de
  • mpiilW Mur de Peoheries ! : fi' 'fk Rochers^i;; •""cCtó-AXWx'X" de Beaumanoir' •Sx Ploulec'h BAIE DE LA VIERGE Î.Cfr' •^nC r3 P \ \ VU \ \ LE PONT ROUX F= Fontaine 1998 / 100 200 Metre; LE YAUDET 1996-1998 Rapport de fouille Introduction Le programme de fouilles
  • l'arriére du rempart principal protégeant le promontoire (1993-1995). Une stratigraphie complexe, s'étageant de La Tène Finale à la fin du Moyen Age, y fut reconnue et examinée dans deux grandes fouilles à aire ouverte. On trouvera l'exposé des résultats obtenus lors de ce premier
  • promontoire, près du Corps de Douane, au coeur du village actuel, puis barrait l'étroit goulet situé entre la route d'accès au village et les rochers de Beaumanoir. Nous ne savions cependant pas, à la fin de ce premier programme, si le reste du promontoire était, lui aussi, protégé par des
  • réseaux défensifs du même type. La fouille de la zone enclose, dans la parcelle s'étendant immédiatement au nord-est des rochers de Beaumanoir, nous avait par ailleurs révélé les vestiges d'une occupation sporadique du Mésolithique au Premier Age du Fer et se densifiant fortement de La
  • Tène à la fin du Moyen Age. Les buts du programme 1996-1998 Le principal but que nous nous étions fixé avant le début de ce nouveau programme trisannuel était d'évaluer le potentiel archéologique de l'ensemble du promontoire et d'y établir un modèle stratigraphique qui pourrait
  • ies fouilles menées de 1991 à 1995 avaient prouvé que le principal rempart laténien défendant les approches du promontoire courait des très fortes pentes occupant le flanc nord-est de celui-ci aux rochers de Beaumanoir, véritable bastion naturel d'énormes pointements de granit
  • Fig. 9. Le Yaudet. La porte terrestre. Etat à La Tène Finale. Plan. LE YAUDET, PLOULEC'H: La porte terrestre La Tène Finale —7 / I \ \ 7 7 / /• ' ! ! Mm \ y w ^ \ \ ^ \ \ i 7 T" \ ' \ y / / / / / \ r j \ I Fig. 10. Le Yaudet. La porte terrestre. Etat à La Tène
  • parement témoigne d'un ample programme de construction à une époque indéterminée (Moyen Age?). Le rempart, à l'ouest de ia porte (FIgs. 11-14) Entre la porte laténienne et les rochers de Beaumanoir, la forte pente que constitue le rempart ne porte que quelques rares murets de clôture
  • la partie méridionale de la tranchée. La séquence stratigraphique la plus ancienne était constituée d'un sol mince (Us 355), contenant deux petits tessons de céramique protohistorique (Age du Bronze ?), que scellait une mince couche de sable redéposé et tassé (Us 354). Cet horizon
  • possible entre le parement et le noyau. Les niveaux supérieurs étudiés dans la tranchée 32 témoignent d'activités agricoles. Un muret de parcelle (F 548), peut-être du Haut Moyen Age, fut construit sur le sommet du rempart, à proximité de son parement, et des niveaux épais (Us 431 et
  • porte et d'étudier son comblement au cours de l'époque romaine. Les structures du Bas Empire romain et du Moyen Age rencontrées au cours de cette opération ont cependant considérablement étoffé l'image que nous pouvons nous former du site du Yaudet. Nous examinerons par conséquent la
RAP03817 (QUIBERON (56). Beg er Vil : un habitat de chasseurs-cueilleurs maritimes de l'Holocène. Rapport de FP 2019)
  • II l i&ud • Îigo.'i,,• • F::t•••tii lt,l R~PUOUQ.UE F~ PRÉFET OE LA RÉG ION BRETAGNE ()irection ré~ i o n nle des 11 l'fair
  • archéologique programmée La Préfète de ln région Brctagoe Préfète d 'Ille-et-Vilaioe VU le code du patrimoine et notamment son livre V ; V(; le décret d u 30 octo bre 2018 portant nominatio n de Mme Michèle KIRRY, préfete de la region Bretagne, préfète de la zone défense et de sécurité
  • subdélégation de signature; VU le do~sier de demande de fouille archéologique programmée intitulée « Beg-er-Vil" présentée par M. Grégor MARCHAl'-."0, reçue à la Direction régionale des affaires culturelles de Bretagne, Service régional de l'a rchéologie, le 21 septembre 20 18. V(; l'avis
  • , ce qui signifie continuer les activités de tri des refus de tamis, le tamisage des sédiments issus des foyers en fosse L, V et AA et les analyses micromorphologiques. Suite au retrait du projet du service départemental d’archéologie du Morbihan, entrainant l’amputation de 46% du
  • total 442 kg de refus. Ces chiffres représentent 35% du tri fait jusqu’à maintenant. Le tamisage des sédiments des trois fosses-foyères prélevées en 2016 et 2017 (structures L, V et AA) a été entièrement réalisé par Claire Gallou, avec deux mois de contrat en octobre et novembre 2019
  • en fosse L, V et AA et les analyses micromorphologiques. La demande de crédit 2019 était de 23930 euros TTC, mais le retrait du projet - sans préavis - du Service Départemental d’Archéologie du Morbihan après sept années de collaboration a grandement contrecarré nos objectifs
  • étudiants, deux actions de longue haleine pilotées par Catherine Dupont. Le tamisage des sédiments des trois fosses-foyères prélevées en 2016 et 2017 (structures L, V et AA) a été entièrement réalisé par Claire Gallou, avec deux mois de contrat en octobre et novembre 2019 au laboratoire
RAP03364.pdf (PLOUGASTEL-DAOULAS (29). Le Rocher de l'Impératrice. Rapport de FP 2014-2016)
  • Rocher de l’Impératrice (Plougastel-Daoulas, Finistère) Rapport de synthèse de l’opération pluriannuelle 2014-2016 11.5. CONCLUSIONS SUR LA MISE EN PLACE DES DÉPÔTS ET LA CONSERVATION DU SITE .......................................... 53 12. ÉTUDE ANTHRACOLOGIQUE (I. THÉRY-PARISOT
  • ................................................................................................................................. 58 13. DATATIONS RADIOCARBONES (N. NAUDINOT ET I. THÉRY-PARISOT) ............................................ 58 14. TEST PALYNOLOGIQUE (E. MESSAGER) ......................................................................................... 62 15. UN ASSEMBLAGE LITHIQUE TRÈS
  • the nature and rhythm of the techno-economic transformation marking this poorly understand transitional period between Magdalenian and Azilian. Lithic production shows high qualitative standards and exhibits some characteristic clearly inherited from the Magdalenian (production of long
  • and rhythm of the transformation of the last Paleolithic communities. There is no doubt that the next plurennial program (2017-2019) will participate to bring much more data with the extension of the excavation to the totality of the surface preserved on the site. 11 Rocher de
  • l’opération pluriannuelle 2014-2016 PRÉFET DE LA RÉGION BRETAGNE le Préfet de la région de Bretagne, Préfet d’Ille-et-Vilaine, ARRÊTÉ n° 2014-031 VU le code du patrimoine, notamment son livre V et en particulier les articles L531-9 et L53115 ; VU le décret n° 65-48 du 8 janvier 1965
  • l’Impératrice (Plougastel-Daoulas, Finistère) Rapport de synthèse de l’opération pluriannuelle 2014-2016 PRÉFET DE LA RÉGION BRETAGNE le Préfet de la région de Bretagne, Préfet d’Ille-et-Vilaine, ARRÊTÉ n° 2015-018 VU le code du patrimoine, notamment son livre V et en particulier les
  • RÉGION BRETAGNE le Préfet de la région de Bretagne, Préfet d’Ille-et-Vilaine, ARRÊTÉ n° 2016-032 VU le code du patrimoine, notamment son livre V et en particulier les articles L531-9 et L53115 ; VU le décret n° 65-48 du 8 janvier 1965 modifié pris pour l'exécution du livre II du Code
  • an Impalaerez dek bloaz 'zo. Trugarez dezhañ evit ar fiziañs en doa bet d'ar c'houlzse pa en doa prestet din an dafar dastumet gantañ. Mersi bras dezhañ ivez evit bezañ kemeret perzh a youl vat war an dachenn, evit bezañ ken plijus hag evit bezañ ken barrek evel soner. Toud an traoù-se 'neus
RAP02211.pdf (ÎLE-MOLÈNE (29). beg ar loued. un habitat en pierres sèches de la fin du néolithique / âge du bronze ancien. rapport de fp 1)
  • 2 6 JAN. 2007 Y v a n Pailler, Sandie G i o v a m a c ^ j ^ g ^ r i ^ ^ ^ ^ r i n e Tresset (dir.) avec les contributions de Yann Bougio, Jean-René Darboux, Karyne Debue Fravel, Marie-France DietchSellami, Klet Donnart, Yvon Dréano, Catherine Dupont, Henri Gandois, Laurence Le
  • L E S I T E D E B E G AR LOUED ( I L E MOLENE) 10 10 Al B I L A N F I N A N C I E R INTRODUCTION: I - T A B L E A U X D E SYNTHESE I I - A N A L Y S E DES V A R I A T I O N S POSTE A POSTE 10 10 11 13 B/ STRATÉGIE D E F O U I L L E 15 CI M E T H O D E S 1) METHODES MISES E
  • N Œ U V R E 2) PROTOCOLE D E T A M I S A G E E T GESTION DES REFUS D E T A M I S 3) PROTOCOLE D E P R E L E V E M E N T M I S E N P L A C E POUR L A CARPOLOGIE 16 16 17 18 D/ UN I N D I C E D U P A L E O L I T H I Q U E M O Y E N P R E S D E B E G A R L O U E D 19 El C O M P
  • STRUCTURES D ' H A B I T A T I O N , QUELQUES E L E M E N T S D E COMPARAISON 29 29 30 39 III. L A C U L T U R E M A T E R I E L L E 47 Al L A C E R A M I Q U E 1) B I L A N Q U A N T I T A T I F 2) RAPPEL DE L A M E T H O D O L O G I E 3) LES GROUPES 4) LES I N D I V I D U S 5) L
  • E 5) COMPARAISONS A V E C D ' A U T R E S SITES 6) C O N C L U S I O N 7) L E M A C R O - O U T I L L A G E D U SITE D E BENIGUET-3 79 80 84 101 105 109 111 113 D/ UN M O U L E E N P I E R R E , I N D I C E D E M E T A L L U R G I E P R E C O C E ? 115 El S E M - E D X I N V
  • E S T I G A T I O N O F A T I N Y DISC B E A D FOUND IN M O L E N E ISLAND 117 AI L E S I N V E R T E B R E S MARINS D E B E G A R L O U E D , TEMOINS D E S A C T I V I T E S DES N E O L I T H I Q U E S E T DU PALEOENVIRONNEMENT : D E L ' E C H A N T I L L O N A R C H E O L O
  • APPROCHE C O M P A R A T I V E 4) C O N C L U S I O N 119 119 123 131 B/ L E S GRANDS V E R T E B R E S 132 Cl D E N O U V E L L E S E S P E C E S D E POISSONS A B E G A R L O U E D E T L ' I C H T Y O F A U N E D E BENIGUET-3 132 1) L ' I C H T H Y O F A U N E D E B E G A R L O U
  • E D , B I L A N D E L A F O U I L L E D E 2006.... 133 2) L ' I C H T HY O F A U N E ET LES RESSOURCES M A R I N E S D U SONDAGE D E BENIGUET-3 (LE CONQUET, FINISTERE) 135 D/ L E P E U P L E M E N T ANCIEN D E M I C R O - V E R T E B R E S DANS L ' A R C H I P E L D E MOLENE 143
  • 149 III. CONCLUSIONS E T P E R S P E C T I V E S 154 Al B I L A N P R O V I S O I R E APRES 4 CAMPAGNES D E F O U I L L E S 154 B/ L E S ORIENTATIONS POUR L A CAMPAGNE D E F O U I L L E 2007 155 DIFFUSION E T P U B L I C A T I O N D E S R E S U L T A T S 156 Articles de
  • i l o , Sébastien, Aurélien, Ludo, Guenolé) pour leur amitié et leur participation généreuse à l'effort de fouille par l'approvisionnement régulier de l'équipe en fruits de mer et en poissons. - Le bureau d'étude I n V i v o et ses directeurs qui ont mis gracieusement à notre
  • , Université de Cardiff Caroline Etudiante en Master 1, Université Rennes 2 ONCFS Etudiant en licence 3, Paris 1 Cartographe, I n V i v o Etudiant Licence 1, Rennes 2 Etudiant en archéologie, Université de Cardiff M C Géologie, U B O Ingénieur d'étude CNRS Archéologue INRAP Etudiant
  • MARCHAND Jean-Yves Anne e Doctorant Université Paris X CR CNRS, Préhistorien, U M R 6566, Rennes 1 e CR CNRS, archéozoologue V A N THIELEN WU JEAN Fred Rudy Biologiste marin, ER Hsiw-Chi (Suzie) Doctorante Université Paris X Professeur Biologie marine, I U E M , U B O I
  • jours contre 5 semaines et 5 jours en 2005, mais les dépenses d'électricité n'avaient été q u ' e s t i m é e s en 2005 alors qu'elles ont été calculées précisément en 2006, c'est pourquoi la baisse est moindre qu'espérée v u que le logement a été occupé 8 jours de moins. I l faut
  • contrôle de son évolution physique, le site fait l'objet tous les ans d'une mission topographique. Comme pour l'année 2005, les relevés topographiques effectués sur l'île Molène ont été réalisés en collaboration avec la société I n V i v o environnement représentée par Y . Bougio
  • poursuivre l'inventaire des monuments mégalithiques de l'île en décrivant et répertoriant les pierres au nord du site. Pour la réalisation, de ce travail durant le week end, nous avons dû utiliser un matériel de pointe et spécifique (Prêté par I n V i v o Environnement - Bureau d'études
  • Clézio, Bernard Le Gall, Antoine Lourdeau, Yves-Marie Paulet, Jérémie Querné, Oriane Rousselet, Farid Sellami, Lore Troalen PROGRAMME A R C H E O L O G I Q U E MOLENAIS, Rapport n° 8 B E G AR LOUED : UN HABITAT E N P I E R R E S SECHES DE L A FIN DU NEOLITHIQUE / A G E DU BRONZE
  • ANCIEN (volume texte) FOUILLE PROGRAMMEE DU SITE DE BEG AR LOUED ( I L E MOLENE ; FINISTERE) Opération n° 2006-230 Janvier 2007 11 I FICHE SIGNALETIQUE 7 L I S T E DES PARTICIPANTS 8 I. INTRODUCTION 10 I L Q U A T R I E M E CAMPAGNE D E F O U I L L E P R O G R A M M E E SUR
  • T E - R E N D U DES MISSIONS T O P O G R A P H I Q U E S 1) C A M P A G N E D U 17 J U I N 2006 2) C A M P A G N E D U 8 E T 9 J U I L L E T (Planches 2, 3, 4 et 5, annexes) 21 21 22 F/ ETUDE GEO-ARCHEOLOGIQUE 23 INTRODUCTION 23 RAPPEL D E L A S T R A T I G R A P H I E 24
  • PROCESSUS D E F O R M A T I O N E T REPRESENTATIVITE D E L A STRATIGRAPHIE. 25 O R G A N I S A T I O N DES COUCHES ET PRELEVEMENTS 26 SYNTHESE ET DISCUSSION 26 C O N T I N U I T E D E L A STRATIGRAPHIE 27 CONCLUSION 28 G/ D A T E S R A D I O C A R B O N E O B T E N U E S (nouvelles dates
  • et rappel des autres dates) 28 G/ A R C H I T E C T U R E : D E S C R I P T I O N D E S S T R U C T U R E S M I S E S A U J O U R 1) RAPPEL DES STRUCTURES ET A L T E R A T I O N S MODERNES DECOUVERTES LES ANNEES PASSEES 2) LES STRUCTURES ARCHEOLOGIQUES A N C I E N N E S 3) LES
RAP03240.pdf (PLOUEZOC'H (29). Grand cairn de Barnenez : nouvelles approches, nouveaux résultats, nouvelles perspectives. Rapport de FP 2015)
  • as to assist in determining the wavenumber of the peaks. Halogen lamp spectra from a cold light source Euromex LE.5210 have been used for spectral background corrections. X-ray microanalyses of the extracted specimens have been carried out using an EDS spectrometer Rontec Xflash Detector
  • components of granitic rocks. The SEM/EDS spectra of the specimens 1, 2 and 6 from this chamber reveal a significant content of Mn, Fig. S24 (Supporting Information). The presence of Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. J. Raman Spectrosc. (2015) μ-Raman of prehistoric paintings
  • Henares, Madrid, Spain increasing possibilities for characterising and dating pigments.[1,2] Thereby, the more pigments are found within c UMR 6566-CReAAH, Université Rennes 1, Campus de Beaulieu, 35042 Rennes the megaliths record from such a representative area as Brittany, the Cedex
  • Nanterre La Défense, 21 allée de l’Université, the first time. Six representative megalithic monuments and two stelae 92023 Nanterre, France from Western France have been selected for this purpose, Fig. S1 f Laboratoire d’Archéologie et d’Anthropologie Sociale, Z. A. Les Guigneries
  • , 85320 (Supporting Information). Raman spectra from a large number of points La Bretonnière-La Claye, France may be obtained in situ with portable micro-Raman spectroscopy (μ-RS) instruments, thereby avoiding numerous extractions of g Laboratoire TRACES, UMR5608, Université Toulouse
  • Jean Jaurés, Maison de la Recherche 5, allée Antonio Machado, 31058 Toulouse Cedex 9, France specimens.[8,10,12,13] Orthostats Hernanz et al. A. pictorial materials have been analysed by in situ μ-RS. Some microspecimens from carefully selected points have been removed in order
  • are the most representative within the classic sequence of Brittany: chambers A and H from Barnenez tumulus (Plouezoc’h, Finistère), the gallery of Goërem (Gâvres, Morbihan), the monuments from Dissignac (Saint-Nazaire, Loire-Atlantique) or the dolmens integrated inside the tumulus of Mont
  • feasible to restore some of the decorations. The oldest megalithic monuments from Brittany are dated around the fifth millennia cal BC including Barnenez tumulus,[17] Mont-Saint-Michel and other earlier evidences. The stelae from the megalithic quarry of L’Hirondelle (Bois de Fourgon
  • , Avrillé, Vendée)[18] and the one from the Neolithic collective grave from Saint-Claude (Bury, Oise)[19] are included within this timeframe as well. The selected stelae describe the link between anthropomorphic figures and the northwestern Atlantic contexts, on one hand. On the other
  • hand, L’Hirondelle’s site is an outdoor area that proves the presence of open-air decorated complexes way beyond the Mediterranean area. Experimental Descriptions of the instruments used for the μ-RS, SEM/EDS and XPS studies, as well as the protocol used for micro-specimen
  • extractions, have been given elsewhere.[11,12,20] Specific experimental details of this work are reported here. In situ μ-RS spectra have been obtained with a BWTEK innoRam 785H portable Raman microscope. An optical fibre cable connects the spectrometer to a handheld probe head with 10
  • cap[12] was mounted over the probe head or the objective to avoid sunlight or other external radiation entering in the spectrometer. The spectral range from 65 to 2500 cm-1 (Stokes) was recorded with a spectral resolution s ~3.5 cm-1. Integration times of 2–3 s and 36 spectral
  • accumulations have been used to achieve an acceptable signal-to-noise ratio. Wavenumber shift calibration of this spectrometer was accomplished with Hg-I lines, 4-acetamidophenol, naphthalene and sulfur standards[21] over the range 150–1800 cm-1. This resulted in a wavenumber mean deviation
  • of Δνcal–Δνobs = -0.01 ± 0.05 cm-1 (tStudent 95%).[21] The location of some of the points that have been analysed in situ is indicated (red circles) in Figs2 S3–S23 (Supporting Information). Micro-specimens (size ≤ 1 mm ) of the pigmented areas were extracted from the different sites
  • of Δνcal–Δνobs = 2.01 ± 1.79 cm-1 (tStudent 95%). Spectral smoothing was not applied to the observed spectra. The software package GRAMS/AI v.7.00 (Thermo Electron Corporation, Salem, NH, USA) has been used to correct the spectral background of fluorescence radiation, as well
  • . Nevertheless, because of their solid consistency, the surface with pictorial materials of the specimens 6 and 1, from the chamber H of Barnenez tumulus and Mane Rutual monument respectively, have been studied with no physical treatments prior to their analyses. The resulting spectral data
  • have been analysed using the CASA XPS software and RSF database for peak fitting and Shirley background correction. The binding energy has been referenced to the adventitious C 1 s peak at 285 eV. Results and discussions Pictorial materials from eight French megalithic sites
  • in italics. Mn in these specimens has also been identified by XPS, Table S1 (Supporting information). Raman spectra of these specimens of black paint from the chamber H, Fig. 1A, show broad bands in the typical spectral region of Mn–O and Mn–OH bending and stretching vibrations (450–800
  • assignment of the representative Raman spectra shown in Fig. 1A is considered next. A very broad and asymmetric band with a maximum at 643 cm-1, Fig. 1A(a), is frequently observed in these specimens. A study on Magdalenian pigments from Grottes de la Garenne (France) assigned this band
  • to cryptomelane,[37] in disagreement with UV Raman data for this mineral.[25] This band could also be assigned to todorokite,[24,38] pyrochroite[4,38] and manganosite.[22] A multi-peak Lorentzian curve fitting of a similar band observed in black drawings from an Copyright © 2015 John Wiley
RAP00803.pdf (PAULE (22). camp de Saint-Symphorien. rapport de synthèse de fouille programmée 1991-1992)
  • . Fig. 1 : localisation du site. N° de site : 22 163 004 AH Programme : H 10 Autorisation de fouille programmée biannuelle n° 1593 délivrée le 26 avril 1991 Coordonnées Lambert Cadastre : année 1985 Zone I Ax : 73,9 Section ZW, parcelle 49 Ay : 171,0 Altitude : 274 N.G.F
  • , ...). La location d'un monte-matériaux, qui permet d'évacuer les terres directement dans des dumpers à l'aide d'une benne basculante, facilite nettement ce travail souvent épuisant. V. Ce schéma n'est remis en question que lorsque l'abondance du mobilier apparaît dès le décapage et sur
  • . Fig- 8 Fig. 9 vue de la fouille en septembre 1991 vue d'une partie de la fouille en novembre 1992. terre brune mêlée d'arène terre brun rouille ferre brune aremice irene melee t)e jgmentjs de roche ! 266 N . G . F . argile blanche mêlée d'arène lit age de linoni et
  • structure se présentait initialement sous la forme d'un fossé de section "en V", d'une profondeur comprise entre 2,30 m et 3 m sous les sols de l'époque, dont le niveau peut être estimé, à partir de quelques points où il s'est trouvé préservé des labours modernes, à environ 40 cm au
  • -dessus du substrat x Les terres extraites lors du creusement de ce fossé ont été accumulées pour édifier un rempart probablement boisé (cf. infra,fig,33) qui le bordait à l'ouest. Cette douve a été plusieurs fois curée ; en témoignent les profils "en V" et non "en cuvette" qui
  • fossé INTERPRETATION Fig. 14: stratigraphies du fossé 238. comblé 2.1.2. Le fossé 238 : Parallèle au fossé 199 et de profil voisin (fig. 14), ce fossé est cependant plus profond (environ 3,40 m sous les sols de l'époque) et accuse un profil "en V" plus affirmé, le profil très
  • effet, les cendres très fines comme les terres brunes sont des matériaux meubles, peu aptes à constituer des remblais efficaces pour une excavation aussi volumineuse. Fig. 15 : vue de la stratigraphie n° 6 (fossé 238). 2.1.3. Le fossé 856 : Creusé pour son extrémité est dans des
  • présence antérieure probable d'un petit fossé, visible uniquement par sections dans l'axe de cette structure (cf. infra, fossé 886, fig. 30), la première trace d'une fortification dans cette partie du site consiste en un fossé de section "en V", d'une profondeur variant entre 2,50 m et
  • mesurer plus de la moitié de la profondeur initiale, soit entre 1,25 et 2,25 m. - La présence de cette excavation qui s'élargissait de plus en plus le long de la principale voie d'accès au site (cf. infra, 5) et qui perdait progressivement sa valeur défensive, a conduit les possesseurs
  • , stratigraphies 302.1, 302.2, 302.3, 302.4) a tout d'abord une section trapézoïdale et une profondeur modeste : guère plus d'1 m sous les sols de l'époque. Puis il devient, entre les stratigraphies 302.4 et 302.5, de section "en V" et d'une profondeur atteignant plus d'1,50 m (fig. 23, 302.5
  • mètres, entrée principale de l'enclos qu'il délimitait, ce fossé réapparaît sous la forme d'une excavation de profil trapézoïdal (857) profonde d'environ 1,30 m (fig. 23, stratigraphie 32), puis d'un fosséde section triangulaire et d'une profondeur voisine de 2,50 m. Si l'on en juge