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RAP00565.pdf ((56). quatre communes du Morbihan : carentoir)
  • size is 0.44 hectare. In the early nineteenth century it was part of an area of water meadow, 250m from the nearest settlement of Le Cleu. 0.3 Roman sherds per square were collected (2.11g), with 0.4 médiéval sherds (1.63g), 0.31 post-medieval sherds (1.71g) and 2.38 fragments
  • covered, encompassing 772 hectares (4.01% of the surface area of the four communes). 30.99kg of pottery and 93.92kg of man-made building material were recovered from the transects; 45% of the pottery was médiéval, 53.6% post-medieval and 1.4% Roman. No pre-Roman pottery was found
  • cadastre, as usual. More than three-quarters of the concentrations (80.2%) lay more than 100m away from early nineteenth-century settlements and only 7.5% lay within 50m of them. (This is not signif icantly différent from distances from modem settlements). Surface material tends
  • . As with field 0221, this cl ustering was sufficiently pronounced (and sufficiently distinct from the distribution of médiéval and post-medieval pottery) to suggest that a Roman-period structure once stood on the field. Magnetic susceptibil ity readings produced unusually high values
  • area, with 11% of fabric 5, a soft cream fabric used for médiéval table wares. There was a small proportion of both Roman and early médiéval types (3% [fabrics 13 and 16] and 2% [fabric 10] respecti vel y; see below, 10). The absence of the highly fired quartz-tempered wares
  • commune was intensively cultivated from the 1 ater twelfth century (although small amounts of earlier pottery could reflect earlier activity), while the absence of early post-medieval wares suggests a lapse in arable cultivation during the early modem period or changes in manuring
  • it was exploited as meadow, apparently in the early post-medieval period. The range of pottery found in both field boundaries reflects closely that recovered from 'total' collection of Allô. The désertion of the médiéval settlement may have been connected with the remodelling of this area when
  • of the last year pollen analysis has been carried out on samples taken during 1984, in particular from buried soils beneath banks in woods near Le Vivier (not far from the excavation site) and Le Rond Point (Carentoir), areas of extensive 1 ande in the early nineteenth century. Although
  • and classified by Astill, Cook and Wright, and compared with the existing fabric séries. No changes have been suggested for this séries, which now comprises 16 fabric groups for prehistoric, Roman, médiéval and early post-medieval pottery. In December 1984 the fabric séries was compared
  • there, with some useful focussing on early modem, pre-cadastral use: the relevant problems are those of distinguishing manuring from settlement scatters and of determining the extent of scatter generated from inhabited buildings (Astill and Davies 1984c: 55-8). It is even clearer that crude
  • no, or next to no, material. As in 1984, even fields with inhabited structures in the early nineteenth century produced no more material than that sufficient to qualify as a 'possible site' (F212); and, as noted above, most of the high concentrations occurred more than 100m from présent
  • and cadastral settlements. In the particular case of Roman wares, only small quantities have been recovered and the 'total' collections made from D221 and B347 both suggest that Roman sites generate little pottery on the surface, though they may produce large quantities of brick and tile. 0f
  • no médiéval or early modem cultivation in those parts. However, a small proportion of recently cleared woodland did produce surface material. This was sometimes Roman and sometimes médiéval but it was also sometimes post-medieval. In the 1 atter cases the woodland (deciduous as well
  • and early twentieth centuries. Given that vacated buildings are often left to di sintegrate , collapsed buildings are likely to leave a surface scatter of schi ste; where this is distinguishable from natural, the distinction ought I \ to be noted since the material may be just
  • ; in addition, environmental analysis and a survey of standing buildings is being undertaken. The larger study involves (amongst other éléments) analysis of documents, including the very detailed cadastral maps and records of the early nineteenth century (Asti 1 1 and Davies 1982a, 1982b
  • collection; phosphate analysis and soil magnetic susceptibil ity survey of the four selected areas; and excavation of part of a bank and lynchet near a field from which 'total' collection had previously been made. Three days (21-23 March) were spent in préparation by three people
  • ; the main team (consisting largely of past and présent students from the Universities of London and Reading) numbered twenty-two, including the directors; it worked for twel ve days, from 24 March, and had one day off; nine people (including one director) remained for an additional week
  • , but sixteen worked flints were recovered, three from transect L, three from C and ten from F, and also a stone axe, the stone of which has yet to be identified (F117). Two possible areas of ridge and furrow were noted, along with fourteen lynchets and eight (mostly substantial) old banks
  • and in toto.) Of thèse concentrations, none produced predominantly Roman material although 4.8% produced s orne Roman material; 27.3% had predominantly médiéval, 38.5% predominantly post-medieval, and 8.6% more than the necessary minimum proportions of médiéval and post-medieval sherds
  • that are mapped, far less than in 1984, while a further 39% were up to 500m, and 25.6% more than 500m, away; it was largely sites in F that caused this anomaly. Comparison was systematical ly made with the early nineteenth-century pattern of land-use and settlement, as evidenced by the ancien
RAP03240.pdf (PLOUEZOC'H (29). Grand cairn de Barnenez : nouvelles approches, nouveaux résultats, nouvelles perspectives. Rapport de FP 2015)
  • Nanterre La Défense, 21 allée de l’Université, the first time. Six representative megalithic monuments and two stelae 92023 Nanterre, France from Western France have been selected for this purpose, Fig. S1 f Laboratoire d’Archéologie et d’Anthropologie Sociale, Z. A. Les Guigneries
  • feasible to restore some of the decorations. The oldest megalithic monuments from Brittany are dated around the fifth millennia cal BC including Barnenez tumulus,[17] Mont-Saint-Michel and other earlier evidences. The stelae from the megalithic quarry of L’Hirondelle (Bois de Fourgon
  • , Avrillé, Vendée)[18] and the one from the Neolithic collective grave from Saint-Claude (Bury, Oise)[19] are included within this timeframe as well. The selected stelae describe the link between anthropomorphic figures and the northwestern Atlantic contexts, on one hand. On the other
  • 2 of the L’Hirondelle stela; c, amorphous carbon from paint specimens of the Bury stela with traces of calcite; d, amorphous carbon from paint specimens 1–4 of the gallery of Goërem; e, amorphous carbon from paint specimens of the dolmens 2 and 3 of the Mont-Saint-Michel tumulus
  • Information), are also shown in the spectra of the paint. As in the case of a pictograph of the dolmen 3 in the Mont-Saint-Michel tumulus, a pictorial recipe mixing haematite and amorphous carbon was used to elaborate the paint. L’Hirondelle stela The stela from the megalithic quarry
  • ) and Fig. 5b, respectively. Remains of painted decorations on orthostats of three dolmens of Very weak bands of amorphous carbon have also been detected. this tumulus have been studied, Figs S11–S17 (Supporting Informa- The stela was made from a dolomitic rock with some content of tion
  • ). The μ-RS spectra of the specimen of red paint removed from calcite, Table 1 and Fig. S31 (Supporting Information). the orthostat located in the ceiling of the chamber of the dolmen 1 show that haematite was used as pigment, Figs S11, S12 and S30d Bury stela (Supporting Information
  • ). Amorphous carbon was used in the black paint of the dolmen 2 as well as in the specimens 1–4 of paints from Traces of pigments have been observed in this Neolithic stela. the dolmen 3, Fig. 5e and Figs S14–S17 (Supporting Information). Several micro-specimens of them have been extracted
  • . Minerals that would come from rock used to that could account for the broad Raman bands observed in the make the stela. Representative Raman spectra and signatures of haematite from spectra of these green particles, Fig. 5f. Colonies of fungi over the painted areas of the orthostats
  • at about 406 and 662 cm . The observed broadening of -1 Barnenez and Dissignac tumulus, Fig. 5, and peaks of α-quartz are the band at ~406 cm with respect to full width at half height of this band in the Bury stela, Table 2, indicates that while well-crystallised hardly discernible from
  • Colomban offered comments that improved the manuscript. The μ-RS studies of micro-specimens of traces of paintings from a significant group French megalithic monuments and stelae have revealed the use of typical prehistoric pigments like haematite, goethite, amorphous carbon
  • démarche entreprise. La première est parue dans Antiquity au début du mois de janvier 2015 : Bueno Ramirez (P)., Balbín Behrmann (R. de), Laporte (L.), Gouezin (Ph.), Cousseau (F.), Barroso Bermejo (R.), Hernanz Gismero (A.), Iriarte Cela (M.), Quesnel (L.), 2015 - Natural colours
  • /artificial colours. The case of Brittany’s megaliths, Antiquity, 2015, 89, 55-71. ISSN 0003-598X. La seconde de ces publications fait état de progrès méthodologiques tout à fait remarquables. Elle permet aussi de multiplier les exemples régionaux. Cet article est paru dans le Journal
  • Prehistoria, Antiquity et Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, toujours en anglais, et dans le Bulletin de la Societé préhistorique Française, montrent une nouvelle lecture des dolmens décorées du Nord-Ouest de la France, où la peinture formais partie de ces décors. On continue en travaillant
  • analytique des pigments analysés dans le mégalithes de la France, plus concrètement de la Bretagne. Les résultats, comme on avait avancé à Trabajos de Prehistoria et Antiquity, ont bouleverse toutes les idées précédents sur le rôle de la peinture sur les mégalithes bretons. Cette évidence
  • Philippe Gouezin,c Angel Maroto-Valiente,d Laure Salanova,e Gerard Benetau-Douillardf and Emmanuel Mensg Remains of pictorial decorations in a series of six representative megalithic monuments of Brittany (France) and two French stelae have been studied by micro-Raman spectroscopy
  • Henares, Madrid, Spain increasing possibilities for characterising and dating pigments.[1,2] Thereby, the more pigments are found within c UMR 6566-CReAAH, Université Rennes 1, Campus de Beaulieu, 35042 Rennes the megaliths record from such a representative area as Brittany, the Cedex
  • , 85320 (Supporting Information). Raman spectra from a large number of points La Bretonnière-La Claye, France may be obtained in situ with portable micro-Raman spectroscopy (μ-RS) instruments, thereby avoiding numerous extractions of g Laboratoire TRACES, UMR5608, Université Toulouse
  • Jean Jaurés, Maison de la Recherche 5, allée Antonio Machado, 31058 Toulouse Cedex 9, France specimens.[8,10,12,13] Orthostats Hernanz et al. A. pictorial materials have been analysed by in situ μ-RS. Some microspecimens from carefully selected points have been removed in order
  • are the most representative within the classic sequence of Brittany: chambers A and H from Barnenez tumulus (Plouezoc’h, Finistère), the gallery of Goërem (Gâvres, Morbihan), the monuments from Dissignac (Saint-Nazaire, Loire-Atlantique) or the dolmens integrated inside the tumulus of Mont
RAP00566.pdf ((56). quatre communes du Morbihan : carentoir)
  • T15 and T16 clearly do so. Although there is no défi ni te structural évidence, the assemblage coming from the pit group 7 can only be interpreted as settlement débris. The pottery forms suggest a very late Iron Age, or very early Roman , date» The similarity in form and fabric
  • of Transect G, from Métairie au Joly to Le Nouai-)» The figures quoted above demonstrate the remarkably high proportion of fields in G with large concentrations of surface material. The présence of tile scatters, sometimes with smal 1 quanti ties of Roman material associated, were notable
  • the ancien cadastre , as usua 1 . More than three-quarters of concentrations of pottery (76.7V.) 1 ay more than 100m away from early n i net eenth-century settlements and only 12» 5% 1 ay within 50m of them» (The former is only slightly higher than distances from modem settlements
  • were walked (of which to be covered (see fig. B) » hectares (18% of the surface area 6 were in M), encompassing 257 of Transect N) . 7.86kg of pottery and 13.81kg of man-made building material were recovered from thèse transects; 1.37. of the pottery was pre-Roman „ 1% Roman, 29.7
  • management the proportion of sites located and quanti ti es of material collected is entirely comparable with those in the four core communes. However , there is less médiéval material than has usual 1 y been found there and it was a considérable contrast to collect pre-Roman sherds from
  • to the south. The stone seems to have been piled into a large irregular pit which had been cut into the natural subsoil (48). It muet represent. collapse from some structure in the vicinity, but the cadastral map shows no trace of any structure or track in the area in the early nineteenth
  • between one rira found at HSO and one from A92 (see fig» 6, HBO-5 and A92-2) would perhaps argue for a date that spans the first centuries BC and AD» The 'Roman' character of the assemblage might also be suggested by the substantiel tiles for, although not very wel 1 fired
  • , they are of a size and shape more typical of Roman sites; this impression requires confirmation after a wider study of comparative material» While T15 and T16 have produced settlement data, it is more difficult to interpret the features in the other trenches» Some (e.g. 56, 48, 64) resuit from
  • of fieldwork, itself part of a larger, mul t i -di sci pl i nary study of the relationship between and settlement during the last two thousand years, took place from 21 March - 5 April and 6 -- 27 September in the communes of Ruffiac, Treal, St~Ni col as-du-Tertre , Carentoir, La
  • to test results5 complementary envi ronment al analysis is also being undertaken, as is a survey of ail standing buildings in the core. The complète study involves (amongst other éléments) analysis of documents, including the very détail ed cadastral maps and records of the early
  • nineteenth century» This latter analysis has been completed and is of parti cul. ar significance for fieldwork because it allows complète reconstruction of the early ni neteenth-century landscape (Astill and Davies 1982a, 1983, 1984, 1985). THE EASTER SEASON The 19S6 Easter season
  • involved fieldwalking over large areas at wide intervais, as in 1982 85, in the four core communes; sampling in the communes surrounding the core? and excavation of parts of a field from which 'total' collection had previously been made. Two days (21-22 March) were spent in préparation
  • for the main season by two people. The team (consisting largely of past and présent students from the Universities of London, Reading, Durham and Sheffield) numbered twenty, including the directors, and worked for twelve days, from 23 March, with one day off. A smal 1 team, of the directors
  • of man-made building mater i al were recovered frorn the transects; 6.47. of the pottery was Roman, 34.87. médiéval and 58.8?/;, post-medi evail » This is consi derabl y more brick and tile than recovered in each previous season, rather more Roman pottery and rather less médiéval. Ten
  • worked flints were also collected, three from transect E, three from B, two from B and one from D. One possible platform and thirty lynchets were noted, of which fifteen were in Transect D. As in previous years there were considérable variations in the concentration of recovered
  • s 10 (3.5) 24 (8.4) 23 (8.1) 57 (207.) 285 per transect and in tôt o. ) Of thèse concentrations, none produced predomi nantly Roman material although 17.57» produced some Roman material;; 12.37. had predomi nanti y médiéval, 22.87. predomi nant 1 y post-medi eval , and 8.8
  • again stress the large quanti ti es of brick and tile, relatively large of Roman and smal 1 of médiéval pottery» The spatial distribution of this material i s as interesting as in previous years, and broadly consistent with it» There are 'blank' zones within the four communes
  • and also zones that tend to produce more or less of a surface scatter» Surface material is usually markedly absent from areas near the commune boundaries and is also difficult to find in the fields to the north of Qui 1 vain and around Le? Bois Faux; si gni f i cant 1 y , the more
  • near the northern boundary of Transect D (a Roman road) and in the nei ghbourhood of Marsac , La Ruaudaie and La Roche Pèlerin» Analysis of the spatial distribution of imported local schi stes » parti cul arl y those used for roofing material s in the area, produces some equally
  • possible to see zoning in the présence of thèse schi stes» hence, only black schi stes occurred throughout the ^Ruffiac basin (from Lodineu to Ville Robert and south to La Rivière) and also in a large zone in the north of Transects D and E (from Trelo to La Touche du Mur); in strong
RAP00568.pdf ((56). quatre communes du Morbihan : carentoir)
  • century as a metai rie (fig. 2). The field was permanent meadow in the early nineteenth century. In 1982 it was walked at 50m intervais and was classified as a 'médiéval site'; some Roman pottery was also recovered. In 1987 the field was gridded in 5m squares and walked for 'total
  • ' collection. Late IronAge/early Roman pottery was recovered (maximum 6 sherds per 5m square) and this tended to concentrate in two areas in the field. The much larger quanti ty of médiéval pottery (maximum 22 sherds per square) had a si mi 1 ar distribution, while the post— medi eval
  • . The range o-f pottery recovered -from the top two spits was very différent -from the lowest spit. In the first twenty centimètres 45 sherds were -found; médiéval pottery predominated (837.), -followed by post-medi eval (157.) and a single sherd o-f Roman pottery (27.) ; 52 -fragments o-f
  • Df the material in it, do not however suggest a midden but rather collapsed walls or some sort of bank. The absence of Roman material from the dump suggests that it was formed before the Roman period: the few Roman sherds found in the topsoil could have been derived from a very
  • large Roman settlement which lies 100m to the south east (see fig. 2). In sura , then , this 6m square produced évidence of an early agricultural phase, followed by two phases of Iron-Age activity, and then a later - perhaps mue h later - agricultural phase. Although there is a large
  • Roman site in the vicinity, and a few sherds in the topsoil, there is no trace of Roman settlement on this field and little to suggest Roman agricultural use. Présent évidence might suggest that the médiéval pottery in the plough soil derived from very heavy manuring, although
  • material was obtained from T29 (as was reflected by the results D -f the total collection) but more Roman pottery was found. Time ran ont and the sites had to be backfilled at the point, when ditches were recognised (Asti 13. and Davies 1987, 118-21). In 1988 the excavation was resumed
  • the proximity of the Roman buildings. The si des and bottom of the trenches were cleaned manually. Ihe extent of the trenches was limited by the track and modem drainage pipes. T42 was eut from the north-west corner of T28 due west for a 1 distance of 9m; T43 was eut due north from
  • marks the north b oun d ar y of t h e field. None of the trenches produced structural évidence though the plough soil contai ned large blocks of stone which were cl early derived from a building. It is qui te possible that the buildings were located right. on the ridge, and therefore
  • ) were recovered from a few squares distributed throughout the field (21 out of 1383 squares). Brick and tile concentrated in the central area of the field, straddling the earthwork on the valley slope (fig. 5); thèse squares produced a maximum of 9 pièces each (0.5kg). The médiéval
  • produced several -features. On the highest part o-f the slope there was an irregular pit (44) appro;: i matel y 1.8m in diameter and 0.1m deep, whose -fill (45) produced 1 sherd o-f late Iron—Age/early Roman pottery (Fabric 12), 1 sherd o-f grey coarse ware (Fabric 57) and some roofing
  • tile (Fabric 1, 0. 778kg) . Another, smaller pit (27) had been eut into this fill (1.35m in diameter, 0.1m deep), and the fill (26) of this pit contained 1 sherd of late Ir on-Age/ear 1 y Roman pottery (Fabric 13). Farther down the slope (8m from pits 44 and 27) were three
  • ). There was a sub-rect anqul ar pit në;
  • tile (Fabric 1, 0.778kg). A large ditch (61), 2m wide and 1.5m deep, was located two mètres farther down the slope. It had a 'U' shaped profile and its primary fill (59) contained a late Iron-Age/Roman rim sherd, a terra-ni qra-type spout of a f lagon and a sherd from what seems
  • there was a ditch terminal (34), 0.62m wide and 0.25m deep. The fill (33) produced the largest collection of pottery from the site - 25 sherds. The majority (13) were of a late Iron-Age/earl y Roman fabric (Fabric 12) , but there was also a terra-ni qra-type base D -f a bowl (Fabric 65), a rim
  • the second century, or even in the prehi stor i c period, since i t does not respect, any of the? demonstrâbly Roman ditches or pits (see fig. 4). It is, however, différent from other s that have been excavated: the 1 ynchet lacks a ditch or bank at its core, as did Tl , T2, and T35 (see
  • was probably used for agricultural purposes in the Roman period and hence that the distribution of Roman pottery on the surface derived from manuring. However, the concentrations of brick and tile found in 'total' collection cannot be expiai ned in this way, since the material occurs
  • material collected from this field originally suggested thaï i t was a likely site to find évidence of continuity from Roman into later periods, with its distribution of Roman, médiéval and post-medi eval pottery and brick and tile too, as wel 1 as earthworks. It is therefore very
  • interesting to discover that the results o-f excavation here suggest precisely the opposite: early Roman use, both résidentiel and agricultural, and then an interval bef Dre later médiéval agricultural use. ^1 H132 (Ru-f-fiac ZL40) H132 was classi-fied as a 'médiéval site' after
  • did not dérive from the local bedrock (Brioverian shale). A small number of squares (7) had some Roman pottery (maximum 3 sherds per square) while the post-medi eval pottery (maximum 7 sherds per square) was evenly distributed over the field, as were the small quantities (maximum
RAP00567.pdf ((56). quatre communes du Morbihan : carentoir)
  • of surface scatters Di scussi on Clearly the character of the surface material differs from transect to transect. Transects P and M had areas which produced a little pre-Roman pottery - as had Transect N - a phenomenon that is extremely rare in the core communes (Asti 11 and Davies 1986
  • for its very 1 ow proportions of médiéval pottery and very high of post-medi eval . Thèse results are striking by comparison with patterns of material recovered from the four core communes. Whereas the amounts of Roman material collected from the surface are mue h the same, the amounts
  • and the western section of M). Some of the Roman fabrics in eastern ti had not been noted before, and included a late Roman roi 1 er-st amped sherd of Argonne ware from M447, near 'Château Gaillard', 2.5km east of Pipriac bourg ■ This ware has an essentially coastal distribution, although
  • there are finds from the Rance/ Vi 1 ai ne river Systems and one sherd from Pipriac is already known (Galliou 1977: 91-2). The médiéval fabrics from this eastern région seem to have less mica, fewer spi cul es and more grog. Some of the fields with Roman material are of particular interest
  • . Fieldwalking of the sample transects, as also total collection in the core, were 7 financed by the Leverhulme Trust, with some additional assistance from the University of London Central Research Fund and the University of Reading; archive work was financed by a grant from the British
  • years, took place from 20 March - 4 April in the communes surrounding Ruffiac, Treal , St-Ni col as-du-Tertre and Carentoir, in the departments of Morbihan and 1 1 1 e-et-Vi 1 ai ne in eastern Brittany. The aim of the study is to détermine when, how and why the exploitation
  • éléments) analysis of documents, including the very detailed cadastral maps and records of the early nineteenth century. This latter analysis has been completed and is of psrticular significance for fieldwork since it allows complète reconstruction of the early ni neteenth-century
  • landscape
  • , Reading, Cardiff and York) numbered twenty-two, ' including the directors, and worked for twel ve deiys, from 22 March, with one day off. Six people went in advance, and worked for one day beforehand. Overall, 330 mandays were spent on this year ' s season, including travelling time
  • ) Sampling was organized in three 2km transects radiating from the core (P, M and R) and thèse were wal ked in the same way as Transects A to L within the core and Transect N outside it, in 1982-6. Transect P ran due west to the River Oust for 4.1km from the western boundary of Ruffiac
  • (from the area of La Sourigaie to La Houssaie), passing through the communes of Missiriac and Malestroit and the northern outskirts of the town of Malestroit; Transect R ran north east for 7.75km from Trelo to Le Mur at the north-east corner of Carentoir, passing through the communes
  • of pottery, 161.72kg of man-made building material, 23 from thèse flints and 611.72g of haematite were recovered transects , together with two worked pièces of quartz (from M). This breaks down, by transect, as follows: Brick/tile kg 18. 49 P M 121 . 77 21 . 46 R Pre-Rom. Pottery 1 . 47
  • . 0. 767. 1 . 37. Table 1: Roman Medi eval Post -med . Wei ght Fl int Haemati te by no. kg Pot Pot Pot g 2. 72 1 3. 67 34 . 67. 61 . 17. 2. 97. 545 18 26. 01 347. 61. 57. 3 . 87. 64 4 86. 87. 3. 13 3.77. 8.27. proportions and quantities of material recorded As in the core
  • .) 219 (25.57.) 858 Table 2: concentrations of surface material (percentage of fields walked per transect and in toto) Of thèse concentrations none had predomi nanti y Roman or prehistoric pottery but a small proportion had some Roman or pre-Roman sherds. Some concentrations had
  • : P M R Some Some pre—Rom. Roman 7 . 47. 11 . 17. 10. 67. 1 . 37. 6. 57. Table 3: Médiéval Post-medi eval 11. 17. 8. 17. 6 . 57. 48. 27. 32.57. 35. 5% Med. + Brick Post-med . 11.17. 18. 57. 3.87. 45.67. 51 . 57. Brick + pottery 11. 17. 107. 6 . 5 "
  • of material (15.67. 'possible', 177. 'probable' and 4.57. 'site'). Transect M itself produced unusually high quanti ti es of brick and tile, and a high proportion of its concentrations were characterized by brick and tile - some of which had Roman pottery associated. Transect R was notable
  • and proportions of médiéval material are 1 ower (especially in R) - as in N - while those of post-medi eval material are considerably higher, though not as high as in N; in the core 507. of pottery collected from the surface was médiéval and 46.77. post-medi eval . The proportion
  • scatter with Roman material lies near the bourg of Comblessac and not on some distant periphery, as is more usual . In Transect M there were 'blank' areas on the banks of the River Aff and its tributaries but most notable was a very marked and very large 'blank' zone in the commune
  • . Thereafter, although there are a few 'blank' fields in the nei ghbourhood of Pipriac it is again marked that there are very few from Pipriac east to the Vilaine. The contrast between this area and that to the west of it is very striking. The distribution of material in relation
  • to existing settlements was much the same as found in the core communes, with slightly fewer concentrations at distances above 300m from modem dwellings. In ail cases material tends to occur within 50 and 300m of settlements - in P, for example, 33.37. of concentrations lie within 100
RAP00321.pdf (LA CHAPELLE DES FOUGERETZ (35). le Bas Plessis. rapport de sauvetage urgent.)
  • , A corpus of Roman engraved gemstones from British site;: Oxford,1974,2 vols.(B.A.R,8). -Higgins,1961= R.A Higgins, Greek and Roman jewelIry, London,1961. -Iliffe,1934= J.H Iliffe, Rock-cut tomb at Tarshiha.Late IVth century, The Quarterly of the department of antiquities of Palestine
  • . La face supérieure comprend une zone centrale déprimée qui porte le motif figuré(largeur:15mm -hauteur: 13mm) et un bourrelet circulaire saillant.Le dos est lisse.Une bélière,produite par un étirement du verre,permettait de passer le fil d'un collier. On peut reconstituer comme
  • ,1938= dora CaVrol et dorn Lcclercq»Dictionnaire d'archéologie chrétienne et de liturgie. Tome 13 ,Paris,1938. -Carnegie,1908= H.CarnegieCed.) Catalogue of the collection of antique gems formed by James,ninth earl 6f Southesk,London,1908. -Dalton,1902= 0.M Dalton,Catalogue of early
  • mai au 8 juin 1979 • Arînéc.'S antérieures d'intervention " * « * « lîffERvrmoN « > Responsable .. ,...,„ Motif d'intervention . . Surface fouillée _ " _ . 1? m? _ Estimation do l'étendue du gisement ? • * D.A.H.B. découverte de statuettes dans un J ruisseau aménagé lors de
  • longueur de 6 m. environ. Quelques éléments de céramique furent prélevés sur place. Au-dessus, un remblai antique de 50 cm contenait d'abondants fragments de tegulae (cf fig. 3 : relevé stratigraphique). Autour une argile blanche, de très bonne qualité, très épurée, semblait propre à la
  • datables des années 1500-1100 avant notre èreÇ Higgins,1961,43) . Le motif figuré que porte le médaillon de La Chapelle-des-Fougeretz est parfaitement identifiable : on y reconnaît un berger,debout de face,vêtu d'une tunique courte à longues manches,d'une cape(?),de jambières et de
  • ces colifichets de verroterie... Ce n'est vraisemblablement pas sans raison qu'à de rares exceptions près, toutes ces breloques soient en verre jaune,de même couleur que 1'or"(Brenot, 1969,385). Les motifs figurés que portent ces médaillons sont relativement variés et il n'est sans
  • , Ancient gems from the collection of Burton Y.Berry, Indiana,1969. -Brandt,1912- E.Brandt, Antike Gemmen In deutschen Sammlungen.Bd.1 Staatliche Münzsammlung Hünchen. Teil 3. Gemmen und Glaspasten der romischen Kaiserzeit, Prestel,München,1972. -Bréhier,1903= L.Bréhier, Les colonies
  • Christian antiquities of the British Museum,London,1902. -de Fréminville= Fréminville, Restes d'un établissement gallo-romain découvert au Lodo,commune d'Arradon,Bulletin de la société archéologique du Morbihan,1857,p 53. ~Galliou,1974= P.Galliou, Deux mobiliers d'époque romaine
  • . -Sena Chiesa= G.Sena Chiesa, Gemme del Museo Nazionale di Aquileia, Aquileia 1966,2 vols. -Toynbee,1973= J.M.C Toynbee, Animals in Roman life and art, London, Thames and Hudson,1973. -Veyriès,1884= A.Veyriès, Les figures criopnores dans l'art grec, l'art greco romain et l'art
  • chrétien, Paris,1884. -Wild,1970= J.P Nild, Textile manufacture in the Northern Roman provinces, Cambridge,Cambridge University Press,1970. Statuette découverte à QUIMPER (d'après L. Pape). 0 h 1 2 I I 3 4 5 cm I I
RAP02357.pdf (SAINT-MARCEL (56). "la Sente Verte". le bourg. rapport final d'opération de fouille préventive)
  • géographique et géomorphologique 3- Contexte archéologique 3.1. L'environnement archéologique et l'occupation du sol autour de SaintMarcel à l'époque antique (Patrick NAAS) 3.2. Bilan des découvertes de sépultures de l'Antiquité tardive en Bretagne 4- Conditions de réalisation de
  • decorated in the Quoit Brooch Style from the burials at Saint-Marcel (Morbihan) (Barry AGER) 2 p. 138 p.142 p.142 p.142 p.143 p. 144 p. 146 p.147 p. 149 Rapport Final d'Opération SAINT MARCEL « LE BOURG » (56) 2008 Phase 4 : chemins et fossés parcellaires Episode 4A Episode 4B p
  • céramiques) Marina BIRON et Valérie MATILLA, Cellule Conservation Inrap (nettoyage, stabilisation, remontage des objets en verre et en métal) Stéphane BLANCHET, Inrap (étude et dessin des silex) Patrick NAAS, prospecteur aérien Barry AGER, Curator of the Continental Early Médiéval
  • bronze, hache en fer. .\,qoi souligne le caractère privilégié de ces sépultures Ce mobilier pourrait être 13 Rapport Final d'Opération SAINT-MARCEL « LE BOURG » 2008 j caractéristique d'une équipement militaire de la fin de la période antique (entre la fin du IVe et le début du
  • familiarisé avec la fouille des structures rurales antiques ou du haut Moyen Age. Nature prévisible des travaux : La fouille préventive devra être réalisée sous une forme extensive. En effets la problématique d'étude générale devra porter sur l'organisation des différents espaces afin de
  • d'opération 3- Contexte archéologique 3.1. L'environnement archéologique et l'occupation du sol autour de SaintMarcel à Pépoque antique (P. Naas) (Figure 3) Situé près de 1 ' Oust qui marque la frontière entre les Vénètes et les Coriosolites, le territoire de la commune de Saint-Marcel
  • présence de nombreux habitats rattachables sur le plan typologique au second âge du Fer. 5 : une étude d'ensemble sur Missiriac est en cours dans le cadre d'un PCR sur les « agglomérations secondaires antiques dans le nord-ouest de la Gaule ». 24 SAINT MARCEL « LE BOURG « (56 ) 2008
RAP00129.pdf (PLOULEC'H (22). le Yaudet. rapport de sondage et de prospection-inventaire.)
  • h e headland from t h e mainland was u t i l i z e d as p a r t o f t h e d e f e n s i v e system i n t h e pre-Roman p e r i o d by t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a rampart along i t s n o r t h - w e s t e r n edge running from a prominent granite Beaumanoir, a t t h e
  • evidence b u t an e a r l y medieval date seems l i k e l y (Savidan 1935; Mazeres 1936). From 1952 u n t i l 1954 P r o f e s s o r F l e u r i o t examined t h e Roman w a l l a t t h e n o r t h - e a s t corner o f t h e s i t e b o t h west and s o u t h o f t h e Poste de Douane
  • d e p o s i t s was l i k e l y t o be good, w h i l e Trench 2 was l o c a t e d t o examine t h e s t r a t i g r a p h y i m m e d i a t e l y behind t h e Roman d e f e n s i v e w a l l . results, as w i l l be apparent from t h e d e s c r i p t i o n The t o follow
  • aujourd'hui occupé par la route donnant accès au site. Le promontoire est occupé par le noyau central du village du Yaudet et par les vestiges des terres agricoles qui en dépendaient. Ces exploitations sont aujourd'hui abandonnées, mais on distingue encore fort bien les murets qui
  • , C de A The Roman wall and maritime gate Le Yaudet. Mur romain et porte maritime (edge of cliff=abrupt de la falaise; excavation of 1953-5= fouilles de 1953-5; Trench 3 = tranchée n° 2; Iron Age wall= rempart de l'Age du Fer; approximate position of Roman wall=situation
  • D E T , P L O U L E C ' H , C de. A 0 1 2 3 4 5 Metres . L e Yaudet. Tranchée 2. Coupe est (Roman w a l l = mur romain; Iron Age wall F 31. Granite blocks set in clay= rempart de l'Age du Fer F 31, blocs de granite liés à l'argile ; Roman road surface = surface de la voie
  • antiques d'Afrique du Nord découvertes au CozYaudet en Ploulec'h (Côtes-du-Nord), Archéologie en Bretagne, 37, 13-8. - SAVIDAN, J. 1935, Fouilles pratiquées au Yaudet en Ploulec'h le 23 novembre 1935 et jours suivants, Bull. Soc. d'Emulation des Côtes-du-Nord, 67, 287-95. ANNEXE 1 LA
  • (?) and occupation (LIA) Early occupation (NEO-EIA) 2a 1 Le Yaudet. Tranchée 1. Phases (early occupation(NEO- EIA) =occupation ancienne (Néo-Premier A . du F.); Quarry(?) and occupation (LIA) = carrière et occupation (Second A . du F.); stone building and its abandonment=bâtiment maçonné et
  • abandon; medieval field and lynchet=parcelle médiévale et lynchet; medieval building and occupation=bâtiment et occupation d'époque médiévale; recent=occupation récente). Le Yaudet, 1991: trench 2 y Hill wash 2c Roman soil accumulation 2b Roman gate structure and road 2a Iron
  • ; Iron Age soil accumulation=niveau de l'Age du Fer; Roman gate structure and road=porte et voie romaines; Roman soil accumulation=niveau d'époque romaine; hillwash=colluvionnement). THE LE YAUDET PROJECT First Interim Report on the excavations 1991 by Barry Cunliffe and Patrick
  • h e Baie de l a V i e r g e , a wide e s t u a r y a t t h e mouth o f t h e r i v e r Leguer. The promontory, r o u g h l y r e c t a n g u l a r i n shape, i s separated from t h e mainland by a deep v a l l e y a l o n g which t h e minor road from Le Yaudet v i l l a g e t
  • f t h e a n c i e n t v i l l a g e o f Le Yaudet and t h e r e l i c o f i t s f a r m l a n d , now abandoned. The s i t e was a c q u i r e d by t h e Departement o f Cote du Nord i n 1980, a t t h e r e q u e s t o f t h e Commune, t o p r o t e c t i t from development
  • i s c o v e r i e s made over t h e years have been c o n v e n i e n t l y summarized by L. Pape (1978, ASSASS) t o which may now be added a discussion o f C e l t i c and C a r t h a g i n i a n c o i n s from a n i n e t e e n t h c e n t u r y c o l l e c t i o n thought
  • t o have come from t h e s i t e (Sanquer 1983). Several excavations extensive nature. have taken place b u t none o f an I n 1935 a number o f s k e l e t o n s were d i s c o v e r e d c l o s e t o t h e church (parcelle 29). They were w i t h o u t d a t i n g
  • . To t h e west he uncovered a Roman gate which gave access t o a convenient of t h e c l i f f s . The e x c a v a t i o n has n o t been p u b l i s h e d b u t i n t e r i m accounts were prepared 1954, 1955). landing place a t the f o o t ( F l e u r i o t 1952, 1953, 1954a
  • ; I n 1969 P r o f e s s o r e x p l o r a t o r y work. Garlan and M e r l a t undertook further The Roman gate was c l e a r e d o f v e g e t a t i o n and a s e r i e s o f sondages c u t i n p a r c e l l e s 22, 13, 20, 12, and 5 exposing Roman and medieval m a t e r i
  • a l (Garlan 1969). Finally, i n 1978, a s m a l l sondage was dug t o examine a c i r c l e , which appeared on an a i r photograph, i n advance o f t h e c r e a t i o n o f a car park. P o t t e r y o f Bronze Age type was r e p o r t e d . It i s c l e a r from
  • the archaeological i n v e s t i g a t i o n s and casual d i s c o v e r i e s and from t h e h i s t o r i c a l r e c o r d (De La B o r d e r i e 1853, 1896; Fleuriot considerable h i s t o r i c a l 1954b) t h a t Le Yaudet i s a site of potential: the promontory has produced
  • r o n Age t h e s i t e c o n t i n u e d t o be occupied i n t h e Roman p e r i o d and a t some s t a g e , p o s s i b l y i n t h e l a t e t h i r d o r f o u r t h c e n t u r y was in defended by a w a l l t h e m i g r a t i o n p e r i o d t h e s e t t l e m e n t
  • m i t e d range o f s p e c i f i c g u e s t i o n s : how w e l l does a r c h a e o l o g i c a l evidence s u r v i v e ? what i s t h e n a t u r e o f t h e o c c u p a t i o n seguence i n t h e l e e o f t h e rampart? can t h e date o f t h e Roman m a r i t i m e gate
RAP01557.pdf (PLOULEC'H (22). le Yaudet. rapport final de synthèse de fouille programmée 1996-1998)
  • à établir l'extension des circuits défensifs une série de sondages destinés à reconnaître le potentiel archéologique des trois zones topographiques principales du promontoire (plateau supérieur, vallée centrale, plateau et pentes septentrionaux). Le programme et les méthodes
  • nous sommes attachés à l'étude de la «vallée» centrale (tranchées 21 et 22) et de la fontaine située au débouché de celle-ci (tranchées 19 et 20). A proximité de cette stmcture, nous avons ouvert un sondage (tranchée 26), destiné à vérifier l'existence du rempart laténien en ce
  • promontoire et du bâti existant a été poursuivi pendant ces trois campagnes et est maintenant pratiquement terminé. En 1998, des prospections électriques et magnétiques ont été menées sur le plateau supérieur et dans la « vallée » centrale. Le circuit défensif Durant les premières années
  • structure subrectangulaire (2,2 m sur 2,4m) était munie d'un foyer central et, à l'intérieur se voyait une série de petits trous de poteaux et de piquets qui, traversant le foyer, sont probablement postérieurs à l'utilisation initiale de ce bâtiment. La couche qui comblait cet édifice
RAP03801 (Corpus des signes gravés néolithiques, Art rupestre néolithique en Armorique. Rapport PCR.)
  • animation 3D, en accès libre). 21 Corpus des signes gravés – 2019 1.4. Objets Le projet d’une base de données sous le logiciel libre Arches était envisagé en 2016, mais nous hésitons à franchir le pas dans l’attente d’une discussion ouverte avec nos collègues de l’Ecole Centrale
  • des motifs individualisés ; – des modèles numériques des architectures (sépulture mégalithique, plan et élévations) quand elles ne se limitent pas à la stèle ou à l’affleurement rocheux. La sauvegarde et la communication de ces données feront l’objet d’une première synthèse à
  • l’Afrique centrale, Belgique) pour comprendre les mesures au Raman faites sur le monument de Goërem. Dominique Sellier (géomorphologie, Univ. Nantes) a d’ores et déjà aidé au processus de reconnaissance de l’anomalie sur C1 traitée à Gavrinis. Ces désordres avaient été considérés par
  • ), Ekaterina Devlet† (art rupestre de l’Asie centrale et orientale, Institute of Archaeology, Moscou), Jens-Bjørn Riis Andresen (relevés et représentations 3D en archéologie, Department of Archeology and Heritage Studies, Aarhus University), Bettina Schulz-Paulsson (chronologie et
RAP03659 (Corpus des signés gravés néolithiques. Rapport de PCR 2018)
  • Arches était envisagé en 2016, mais nous hésitons à franchir le pas dans l’attente d’une discussion ouverte avec nos collègues de l’Ecole Centrale (Nantes) qui utilisent d’autres outils. L’inventaire des supports (stèle isolée, ouvrage de stèles, parois d'une tombe) est assuré pour le
  • de la chronographie des réalisations, là où elle sera possible, et du descriptif détaillé des motifs individualisés ; 22 1. Rappel sur les intentions du programme − des modèles numériques des architectures (sépulture mégalithique, plan et élévations) quand elles ne se limitent
  • aimablement obtenue de Michel Errera (Musée royal de l’Afrique centrale, Belgique) pour comprendre les mesures au Raman faites sur le monument de Goërem. Dominique Sellier (géomorphologie, Univ. Nantes) a d’ores et déjà aidé au processus de reconnaissance de l’anomalie sur C1 traitée à
  • centrale et orientale, Institute of Archaeology, Moscou), Jens-Bjørn Riis Andresen (relevés et représentations 3D en archéologie, Department of Archeology and Heritage Studies, Aarhus University), Bettina Schulz-Paulsson (chronologie et symbolique du mégalithisme européen, Department
  • en 2016 (Rapport 2016 : 243-253, 280-284). Celle-ci présente, dans sa zone centrale, des creusements formant trois cavités circulaires profondes et dissymétriques ou deux « poignées » partiellement brisées. Ces cavités, longtemps décrites comme des creusements naturels, présentent
  • constituent la dernière phase de gravure de la dalle, pose donc la question de la verticalisation de la dalle au moment de la gravure. C’est autour de cette problématique centrale que nous avons conduit l’expérimentation. 27 Corpus des signes gravés – 2018 2.2. Dalle C1 – cavités 2.2.1
  • . Le contexte L’objectif principal des missions 2017 et 2018 a donc été la reproduction partielle de la partie centrale de la dalle C1 : les cavités (Fig. 1). Figure 1 – Photo de l’intérieur de la chambre funéraire du cairn de Gavrinis avec sur la gauche, la dalle C1 où sont bien
RAP03523 (Corpus des signes gravés néolithiques. Rapport de PCR 2017)
  • une gestion rigoureuse mais également souple et très attentive des crédits alloués. Nous sommes enfin très heureux de l’aide et de l’expertise obtenues de Mehdi Chayani (Archéovision, Bordeaux), Mathieu Quantin (Ecole Centrale, Nantes), Bastien Bourineau (I-maginer, Nantes), Guy 11
  • données sous le logiciel libre Arches était envisagé en 2016, mais nous hésitons à franchir le pas dans l’attente d’une discussion ouverte avec nos collègues de l’Ecole Centrale (Nantes) qui utilisent d’autres outils. L’inventaire des supports (stèle isolée, ouvrage de stèles, parois
  • signes intégrés aux supports, accompagnés de la chronographie des réalisations, là où elle sera possible, et du descriptif détaillé des motifs individualisés ; − des modèles numériques des architectures (sépulture mégalithique, plan et élévations) quand elles ne se limitent pas à la
  • . Rennes) en vue de datations au radiocarbone. Une expertise a été très aimablement obtenue de Michel Errera (Musée royal de l’Afrique centrale, Belgique) pour comprendre les mesures au Raman faites sur le monument de Goërem. Dominique Sellier (géomorphologie, Univ. Nantes) a d’ores et
  • centrale et orientale, Institute of Archaeology, Moscou), ont accepté l'échange de nos expériences respectives au sein d'un groupe informel. 1.8. Moyens Pour mémoire, le processus technique s’établit en 3 temps : tout d’abord l’acquisition lasergrammétrique et/ou photogrammétrique
  • sur une étude plus approfondie des états de surface. En effet, plus nous avancions dans l’expérimentation, plus ce travail de la dalle brute en vue de l’inscription ou non de gravures est devenu un point central de notre étude, nous permettant d’entrevoir un début de chaîne
RAP01768.pdf (le mésolithique en Bretagne. rapport de projet collectif de recherches)
RAP01573.pdf (ARRADON, PLOEREN (56). rapport de prospection inventaire)
  • , méconnaissable ". FOUQUET A., 1853, p. 92 "C'est d'abord un menhir d'im de hauteur, placé dans une lande traversée par le chemin de la Chênaie à Trévelin, à 70 pas à l'est de ce chemin. Il est le point central d'un cercle formé de trois petites fichages, et dont le diamètre est d'environ 4m
  • . fftntutttifâ fljfftitiitw H tfîîorSÎfjan
  • pas dans le voisinage de trois monuments antiques , et si la ligne qu 'elles forment n'étok pas, d'environ quatre-vingts pas , comme un autre alignement dont je parlerai bientôt. A une assez petite distance de ce lieu , et à. l'est d'un autre bois de pins, je vis un bloc isolé au
  • que présente cette commune. C'est d'abord un menhir d'un mètre de hauteur , placé dans une lande traversée par le chemin de la Chênaie à Trévclin , à 70 pas à l'est de ce chemin. Il csl le point central d'un cercle forme de très-petites fichades , et dont le diamètre est d'environ
  • ne faut considérer comme antique , sur celle lande , que le menhir et les dolmens ruinés dont elle est parsemée. A l'est et à peu de distance de ce lieu, on voit un monument au sujet duquel l'abbé Mahé est tombé dans une erreur d'un genre différent. Il le décrit comme un cromlech
RAP02752_3.pdf (TRÉGUEUX (22). rocade d'agglomération briochine : enclos défensif, bâtiment public et habitat nucléé de la Tène 2, et leurs développements à la période gallo-romaine et à l'époque médiévale. rapport de fouille)
  • Pétrin 2.2 Mortier et pilon 2.3 Objets à usage culinaire ou navettes à tisser ? 2.4 Mouvette ou cuillère à sauce 3. Objets en rapport avec l’alimentation : partie de machinerie 3.1 Axe central d’une meule rotative 3.2 Poulie 4. Bois structurel et objets exceptionnels 4.1 Eléments
  • poutres 4.2.1 Planches aux extrémités convexes 4.2.2 Planches avec mortaises 4.2.3 Planches ou douelles 4.2.4 Planches et poutres de grandes tailles 4.3 Disques de troncs 4.4 Eléments avec partie centrale plus large 4.5 Bâtons 4.5.1 Section circulaire 4.5.2 Section rectangulaire ou
  • type « pied de meuble » Eléments d’assemblage avec encoche 1517 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. Planches aux extrémités convexes Planches avec mortaises Planches ou douelles Disques de troncs Eléments avec partie centrale plus large Bâtons à section
  • mm d’épaisseur environ. Cette partie est le plus souvent évidée centralement pour laisser passer la douelle qui porte l’anse (fig.M19.5 + planche 1.1, 1.2 et 1.3). Evidement bords droits Système de tenon permettant d’assembler la partie centrale Système de cheville permettant
  • d’assembler la partie centrale Evidement Figure M19.5 avec avec de dessus et de profil 1524 Dans la grande majorité des cas la partie centrale est manquante, les seuls exemples de couvercles conservés sur plus de la moitié sont 2305 (planche 1.2), 2327 (planche 1.3) et peut-être 979
  • (planche 1.1) et 2319 (planche 1.2). Dans deux cas (2326 (planche1.3) et 2310 (planche 1.2)), des fragments de la partie centrale sont conservés permettant de comprendre le mode d’assemblage des différentes parties par chevillage ou système de tenons/mortaises. Certaines moitiés de
  • couvercles n’ont pas de chevilles sur la partie centrale ce qui permet d’émettre des hypothèses sur leur fabrication : - il manque la partie centrale portant les chevilles - cassure de l’objet qui était au départ monoxyle - utilisation d’un autre système que les chevilles pour assembler
  • . Ils sont également perforés centralement par deux trous circulaires ou rectangulaires (Morris, 2000, fig. 1091). La période Viking a également livré des couvercles similaires à Dublin (Irlande). Ils mesurent entre 120 et 260 mm de diamètre (plus petit que les plus petits
  • certains objets (2266A) comme des boucliers servant à la protection des cavaliers. Le seul exemple conservé est le bouclier en bois de bouleau de Kasr el-Harit, du Fayoum en Egypte daté de la Tène II. Celui-ci est ovale, d’extrémités aplaties, portant un renfoncement central ou « umbo