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RAP00568.pdf ((56). quatre communes du Morbihan : carentoir)
  • of the relationship between land-use and settlement during the 1 ast two thousand years, took place from 25 August - 1 October in the communes of Ruffiac, Tréal , St-Ni col as-du-Tertre and Carentoir, in the department of Morbihan in eastern Brittany. The ai m of the study is to détermine when
  • an agr i cul tural phase at a time when the topography of the field was not so pronounced. The pits eut into this layer represent a change in land-use and presumably indicate the présence of a nearby Iron-Age settlement. The clean and pottery-free fills would argue against use
  • that this phase of agricultural land-use lasted for some time without fresh sherds being added; indeed, at least. two ditches were reçut. There is, however, one ditch R (64) and its reçut (3) that do not fit this pattern for they were larger and were dug at right angles to the other
  • . The pottery was abraded, which implies that some time and/or distance separated its use as pottery from its place of déposition in A31/79. Now, the pits were largely confined to the ridge while a séries of approx i mat el y parai lel ditches, most with the same profile, extended from
  • , it looks as if the field was used for agriculture at a time when firstand second-centur y pottery was being discarded; in this case the ditches are likely to have been field or enclosure ditches of the first and/or second century. It is clear from the worn condition of the pot
  • the résidence was occupied; this at times involved some recutting of ditches. The résidence appears to have gone out of use before the late Roman period, as is implied by the fill of the ditches; if the field continued to be worked for a time it was either not manured or manured directly
  • . Anne G'ebhardt joined it for a day for soi 1 sampling and Tony Stevenson for two days for pollen sampling. Overall, 938 mandays were spent on the 1988 season, including travelling time and time off; 787 of thèse were working days. The weather was idéal for much of the season
  • . The square T36 was excavated in the same way as H 145 and A92 in 1986: a 5% sample was taken for sieving to check recovery rates and l'iand tools were used (Asti 11 and Davies, 1987). The excavation took 85 working days, with a team of five. Trench 36 The plough soi 1 (1) was excavated
  • ) of introduced stone pink siltstone (K-01M) , Brioverian shale (B2-3) , sandstone (02) and many lumps of fine black siltstone (03-4), of a quality often used for roofing, material which occurs natural ]y about lkm, away (58kg, 317. of stone excavated ) . A layer of yel 1 owi sh-brown sandy
  • at the base of context 2, eut into what looked like a buried soil (32). AI 1 had si mi 1 ar fills of yel 1 owi sh-brown sandy loam with charcoal flecks. On the north side of the trench part of a large pit was excavated (3: lm wide, 0.42m deep > . It had a lower fi II with sliqhtly more
  • was used as a dump , such that a ridge or mound was -formed (context 2); the trench opened (T36) was too small to establish the character o-f this dump, but it indicates the continued existence of a nearby settlement. The sise of the dump, and the character and relatively small amount
  • Roman site in the vicinity, and a few sherds in the topsoil, there is no trace of Roman settlement on this field and little to suggest Roman agricultural use. Présent évidence might suggest that the médiéval pottery in the plough soil derived from very heavy manuring, although
  • was not présent in such quanti ti es. Although the area excavated was so small, it is sufficient to reveal that this zone is of exceptional importance as a long-used settlement area - Iron Age, Roman nearby to the south east, two seigneurial sites hardby (Le Bois Guillaume and La Touche au
  • material was obtained from T29 (as was reflected by the results D -f the total collection) but more Roman pottery was found. Time ran ont and the sites had to be backfilled at the point, when ditches were recognised (Asti 13. and Davies 1987, 118-21). In 1988 the excavation was resumed
  • that this ditch was filled (and perhaps eut) at a later date than ditches 5 and 10. Indeed it may have been filled during the 9 destruction o-f the buildings. Comment The fabric and forms of the pottery, similar to the material from HSO (excavated in 1986: Asti 11 and Davies 1987, 120-1
  • suggests that the building did not stand long after the second century, and hence that this ditch fill from the building took place at or shortly after that time. It is difficult to suggest a function for the earlier ditch (5 and 10) other than for drainage. The présence of Iron-Age
  • and ear 1 y Roman pottery in its fills, and the virtual absence of roof tile, implies that it had been filled before the buildings went put of use; the pebbly, foreign, nature of the fills shows that thèse were deliberate. This ditch may have been in existence before the structure
  • to the cadastral settlement pattern. The excavation method was the same as that used on K446 in 1986 (Asti 11 and Davies 1987, 112-13). A lm-wide trench was eut by machine from the ridge down the slope so that it went through the tile concentration and sectioned the earthworks (T39
  • ) by machine in order to understand a feature. The archaeological préservation was of varying quality; features were only located if they penetrated the natural subsoil. On the ridge and top of the slope the features had clearly been truncated by ploughing so that few were deeper than 0.1
  • Asti II and Davies 1985, 90-5; and below, D153) . With the exception of the features at the bottom of the slope which are associated with modem attempts at drainage, the pottery suggests that ail the pits and ditches ware filled in or after the first and second centuries AD
RAP00565.pdf ((56). quatre communes du Morbihan : carentoir)
  • EAST BRITTANY SURVEY: QUST-VILAINE UATERSHED REPORT ON FIELDWORK IN MARCH-APRIL 1985 The fourth season in a programme of fieldwork, itself part of a larger, multi-discipl inary study of the rel ati onshi p between land-use and seulement during the last two thousand years, took
  • as coniferous) can hardly be more than two hundred years old. In such ways surface scatters, in association with other évidence, are beginning to suggest precisely localisable changes in land-use, especially during the 1 ast millenium. This year also saw a major attack on the problem
  • that are mapped, far less than in 1984, while a further 39% were up to 500m, and 25.6% more than 500m, away; it was largely sites in F that caused this anomaly. Comparison was systematical ly made with the early nineteenth-century pattern of land-use and settlement, as evidenced by the ancien
  • in nineteenth-century meadow and/or pasture (3.8%), marginal 1 ande (unculti vated land, not fallow - a high 8.6%), woodl and (0.5%), curtilage and areas of mixed land-use; ail but the latter suggest some measurable change in land-use by indicating pre-nineteenth-century arable or settlement
  • . In some parts cadastral land-use, naming and road patterns themselves indicate former settlement sites, especially where very small fields of very mi scell aneous^ land-use are arranged in relation to tracks, like the curti 1 agesand clos that surround settlements both now
  • interests put their mark on this landscape. The bank, which lies in an area of nineteenth-century meadow and is not shown on the ancien cadastre, may therefore relate to earlier land-use; the lynchet lies at the edge of the château arable, about which - at least - it should furnish some
  • useful information. After three days préparation, excavation took place over eight days with a team of nine people, making a total of 52 working days. The weather during this period was appalling, with torrential rain and high winds: one complète day was lost and extremely difficult
  • to facilitate excavation and recording. Soil was excavated using trowels and ail the finds, with the exception of schiste, were three-dimensional ly recorded. Because of the quantities recovered and the lack of time, the schi ste was collected in 5cm spits. The bad weather prevented total
  • and tile coul d indicate that this happened before brick and tile were in common use. Both trenches have shown that lynchets could have a complicated history, with their origins in other features. From the point of view of land-use history, the pottery suggests that this area of Ruffiac
  • practice. Since the two trenches showed différent amounts of soil buildup and material in the two areas, changes in manuring practice rather than lapse in cultivation may be more relevant in explaining the data from Trench 1. The land-use around Trench 2 clearly changed when
  • at the side of the field and not beyond; at the petit château of Gre'e Orlain there were fields that were 'blank' a short distance between inhabited buildings and 'probable sites'. Of course, it is not merely past settlement that is of interest but past land-use too. As demonstrated
  • surface collections (principally during May 1985). This is sufficient to make it clear that a proportion of the commonly occurring surface material on our fields is imported - from good quai ity modem si ate to harder schi stes, both used largely for roofing but also within the mud si
  • into cultivation. Potentially; then, this is an excepti onal ly important source of information about land-use in the pre-cadastral period. As for the local schi stes that form the bulk of walling materials, although it i_s_ possible to distinguish thèse by eye in the field and even localise
  • , Sussex Bell, M. 1983 'Valley sédiments as évidence of prehistoric land-use on the South Downs', Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society, xlix, 119-150. 1+ EAST BRITTANY SURVEY 1985 £J3 fields walked m 1965 ■— — commune boundaries A • ■ sites A c* U probable • médiéval si tes
  • to concentrate upon the excavation. Overall , 434 mandays were spent on this year's season, including travelling time and time off; 364 of thèse were working days. Two of the main team spent most of their time assisting in a survey of standing buildings already in hand when the season started
  • covered, ail fields under plough and with young crop within the three transects were walked at 50m 1 intervais, using collection units of 100m; field conditions, features, présence of schi ste and local pronunci ations were noted on standardised recording forms. 463 fields were thus
  • . As in previous years there were considérable variations in the concentration of recovered material, and the same conventions are hereby used to distinguish between them: fields in which more than two neighbouring units each produced five or more sherds of the same broad period (or five
  • , concentrations of surface material were most frequently found in the basin to the south of Ruffiac village (the centre of L) and in the nei ghbourhood of Trignac, in the north of Carentoir commune (F); however, sites were common throughout the southern halves of F and C, particularly
  • tests suggested that thèse were only useful if taken at much narrower intervais. Schiste was collected, totally from A107, D221 and B216, and in a limited sample from B347 (from one square in every nine). This was subsequently classified in three colour catégories (black/grey, green
  • usters of other classes of material. 5 Excavations (EBS85 Tl and T2) Small -scale excavation of earthworks was undertaken in order to begin investigation of the soils and archaeology within field boundaries near sites identified in fieldwalking. As indicated previously, one
RAP03817 (QUIBERON (56). Beg er Vil : un habitat de chasseurs-cueilleurs maritimes de l'Holocène. Rapport de FP 2019)
  • II l i&ud • Îigo.'i,,• • F::t•••tii lt,l R~PUOUQ.UE F~ PRÉFET OE LA RÉG ION BRETAGNE ()irection ré~ i o n nle des 11 l'fair
  • débitages de matières minérales, mais aussi peut-être dans un concassage de matières dures animales. Suivent en nombre les galets utilisés en pièces intermédiaires très fortement percutées dans un axe longitudinal. Ce travail amène à s’interroger sur l’indigence des outils massifs dans
RAP01768.pdf (le mésolithique en Bretagne. rapport de projet collectif de recherches)
  • 2001 Ces travaux sont dédiés à la mémoire de Anne-Elisabeth RISKINE Table des matières L PROBLEMATIQUE 3 1. Le projet de recherche 3 2. Activités entreprises 5 3. Un rapport, pour dire quoi ? 7 II. REUNION 8 Compte-rendu de la réunion du 24 février 2001 à Carnac
  • site mésolithique de Beg-er-Vil (Morbihan, France) 86 VI EXPLOITATION DE LA FAUNE 104 French Connections II: Of cows and men 104 VII. FLORAISON DE SITES PREHISTORIQUES DANS LA MOYENNE VALLEE DU BLAVET : 115 1. Généralités 115 2. Matériaux, toujours / 115 3. De l'Azilien
  • II/-7. Kerliézoc (Plouvien). Sondages 2001. 1-7 et 9-10 . triangles scalènes ; 8 . triangle isocèle : 11 : pièce à dos 12 : pointe à troncature oblique : 13 : segment ; 14-22 : troncatures ; 23 : grattoir sur éclat ; 24 : denticulé sur éclat. Figure I/I-8. Kerliézoc (Plouvien
  • ). Sondages sauf n"4, 7 et 9 surface 2001. I : denticulé sur éclat ; 2 et 5 : troncatures sur éclat ; 3 : pièce esquillée ; 4 : troncature inverse sur éclat ; 6 et 8 : nucleus unipolaires ; 7 ; nucleus bipolaire sur une même face ; 9 : nucleus à éclats sur éclat. Figure II/-9. Kerlièzoc
  • scalène ; 25 armature triangulaire ; 26 tirangle scalène ; 27 : monotroncature : 28 : raclette ou flèche tranchante ; 29 : lamelle à dos (23-27 et 29 : silex ; 28 : grès lustré). Figure III- II. La Presqu'île (Brennilis). Rivage 2001 (1 à 6) et planigraphie (7 à 12). I : coche ; 2
RAP00566.pdf ((56). quatre communes du Morbihan : carentoir)
  • of fieldwork, itself part of a larger, mul t i -di sci pl i nary study of the relationship between land-u.se and settlement during the last two thousand years, took place from 21 March - 5 April and 6 -- 27 September in the communes of Ruffiac, Treal, St~Ni col as-du-Tertre , Carentoir, La
  • thus covered, encompassi ng 372 hectares (1.947. of the surface area of the four communes). This brings the total surface area covered during five seasons to 18.54%, as mue h as can reasonably be e>:pected within the constraints of time and money. 12.49kg of pottery and 78. 42kg
  • y managed landscapes associated with pet i ts further investigation because such château;-: , also warrant areas tend more traces of earlier landscapes. to préserve Add i t i on al 1 in some parts cadastral landuse, naming and road suggest. former settlement sites (Asti 11 p
  • , are still in use?» Concentrations of material in N tend to be on higher land (ail over 50m and 58,27» over 75m), reflecting the generally higher topography, and tend to be cl oser to streams (517. within 250m of a mapped stream) . Fewer sites are on flat land (14.37.) than is gênerai
  • from fieldwalking» The T4 features were excavated in an area where there was a small amount of médiéval pottery and high phosphate concentrations» While the small quanti ty of pottery is commensurate with the agricultural nature of the médiéval land-use, the high phosphates around
  • . Overal 1 , 481 mandays were spent on the September season, including travelling time and time off§ 437 of thèse were working days. The weather was poor during the second week, with considérable rainfall, but only two complète days were lost in t 11 e field. \3> EBS 86 Fi g. 1 H
  • arable land-use and smal 1 enclosures (çl_os) , with two buildings and ? walled yards inside its western edge - since démoli shed. The site of thèse buildings i s presumably now marked by a remembrement mound near the junction of the two road s. Excavation strategy was the same
  • east of La Hattaie (fig. 4). The field is in a low-lying position and si opes very slightly down to the north. The ancien cadastre shows that H80 was an area of mixed land-use, parti y cultivated in strips but also with 1 an des (uncul ti vated ) and pasture, in small enclosures
  • (Ruffiac ZK67a) A92 is very close to Les Landes de la Ruée on the crest o-f a ridge some 700m from La Hattaie (fig. 5). At the time of the anei en cadastre the field was u n d e
  • and two others, returned on 28 April for three days in order to complète the excavations. Overall, 317 mandays were spent on this year's Easter seasons (303 by the main team), including travelling time and time off 5 255 (244) of thèse were working days. The weather was dreadful
  • intervais, using collection units of 100m; field EAST BRITTANY SURVEY 1986 | TRANSECT J TRANSECT B "t— TRANSECT D TRANSECT A TRANSECT E -h— .y. : 75 m ■ ci3 " S Y •m .o-v. Tréal Lo 50ml—' O O .... □ ; C? (Rutfiac g SO TRANSECT G l'ï «2. cm. fl\ □ 1-5km apart
  • pottery, and the saine conventions are hereby used to distinguish between thems fields in which more than two neighbouring units each produced five or more sherds of the same broad period (or five or more fragments of building material) have been termed 'sites'; fields in which one
  • near the northern boundary of Transect D (a Roman road) and in the nei ghbourhood of Marsac , La Ruaudaie and La Roche Pèlerin» Analysis of the spatial distribution of imported local schi stes » parti cul arl y those used for roofing material s in the area, produces some equally
  • possible to see zoning in the présence of thèse schi stes» hence, only black schi stes occurred throughout the ^Ruffiac basin (from Lodineu to Ville Robert and south to La Rivière) and also in a large zone in the north of Transects D and E (from Trelo to La Touche du Mur); in strong
  • contrast black and pink/purple roofing fragments occurred together in zones immediately north of the Ruffiac basin and west of the Trelo zone. It was also possible, in some cases, to distinguish a range of other schi stes that were imported from nearby local sources, probably as walling
  • material; field E230, where there was also a large tile scatter, provided a parti cul arl y good example of this. Comparison of the distribution of surface material was made with the early n i neteenth-cent ur y p atterri of 1 and -use and settlement, as e v i d e n c e cl b y
  • years (58,9% of concentrations in 1986, as compared with 70. 1% in 1985). The remainder occurred in n i net eenth-century meadow or pasture (an unusually high 12.5%), marginal 1 an de ( un c u 1 1 i vat ed land 10.77.), curtilage (5.47.) Concentrations of material in and areas
  • of mixed 1 and— use. 1 an des (like B2S and D52) and meadow early ni net eenth-century (ilke BS7 and B90) demand some further investigation, since they previous to the nineteenth imply either arable use or settlement century; sites 1 i ke G21S, 220 and 221, lying in the di sti net i vel
  • .Land whiie 14/. were on south-f aci ng and 19.37. on east-facing slopes. Upland concentrât i on s were not especially notable, with only a quarter lying between the 50m and 75m contours (28. IX) 5 almost a half 1 ay between 25m and 50m (49.17.). Somewhat less than a half
  • of Augan commune centre, Here there was a marked change in topography - as the and in modem land management — as we moved also in the bedroc north 5 it was with steeper rnuch higher hi 1 1 s and some north/south valleys; but farms (and often fiel ds and houses) were biqger
RAP03187.pdf (QUIBERON (56). Beg er Vil : un habitat du Mésolithique sur le littoral du Morbihan. Rapport de FP 2015)
  • ..................................................................................................... 67 1.2.2. Première époque : sous le niveau coquillier (US 7) .................................. 67 1.2.3. Seconde époque : la base du niveau coquillier (US 6) ............................. 68 1.2.4. Troisième époque : le niveau à pierres brûlés (US 5.3 à 5.5
  • ) ................... 68 3 Campagne 2015 1.2.5. Quatrième époque : le sommet du niveau coquillier (US 5.1. et 5.2) ..... 69 1.2.6. Cinquième époque : l’interface avec la dune (US 4) ................................. 69 1.2.7. Premier bilan de l’enveloppe sédimentaire des restes archéologiques . 70
  • Presqu’île de Quiberon (Morbihan) (DAO : L. Quesnel). 11 Campagne 2015 Figure 1.2. Le site vu du sud en 2015, avec en bas à gauche le poste de tamisage (cliché : G. Marchand). Ses coordonnées Lambert II précises sont : X = 189 822 ; Y = 2 288 998. L’habitat mésolithique se
  • biannuelles. Au cours de l’hiver 2010-2011, nous avions pu observer un recul incroyable de la falaise (plus d’un mètre ; figures 1.7 et 1.8). Un foyer apparaissait même en coupe en mai 2011, au milieu du niveau mésolithique (il correspond probablement à des pierres de notre US 5.3). En
RAP03047.pdf (QUIBERON (56). beg er vil : un habitat du mésolithique sur le littoral du Morbihan. rapport intermédiaire de fp 2013-2015)
  • coordonnées Lambert II précises sont : X = 189 822 ; Y = 2 288 998. L’habitat mésolithique se matérialisait par un niveau de terre noire remplis de coquilles marines, de silex taillés et de morceaux de granite brûlés, au-dessus d’une plage fossile, à environ trois mètres au-dessus des plus
  • milieu du niveau mésolithique (il correspond probablement à des pierres de notre US 5.3). En septembre 2011, c’est toute la plage fossile à la base de la coupe qui était largement attaquée, mettant évidemment en péril les niveaux supérieurs. Figure 1.7. Visite du site de Beg-er-Vil
RAP03364.pdf (PLOUGASTEL-DAOULAS (29). Le Rocher de l'Impératrice. Rapport de FP 2014-2016)
  • and symbolic changes during the Azilian. The Rocher de l’Impératrice rock shelter is an unavoidable site for the understanding of Northwestern Europe Lateglacial societies. Because of the diversity of the archaeological evidences this site allows to develop a global thought about the nature
  • Rocher de l’Impératrice (Plougastel-Daoulas, Finistère) Rapport de synthèse de l’opération pluriannuelle 2014-2016 RAPPORT DE SYNTHÈSE (OPÉRATION PLURIANNUELLE 2014-2016) LE ROCHER DE L’IMPÉRATRICE PLOUGASTEL-DAOULAS (FINISTÈRE) PLOUGASTELL-DAOULAZ (PENN AR BED) Sous la
  • ENTRE 2014 ET 2016 ET PRÉCISIONS SUR L'HOMOGÉNÉISATION DES US ................................................................................................................... 47 11.3. RÉSULTATS ET INTERPRÉTATION DE L'ÉTUDE MICROMORPHOLOGIQUE ET DES ANALYSES GRANULOMÉTRIQUES (M
  • MAXIMUM GLACIAIRE – US-103.......................................................................................... 52 11.4.2. LE DRYAS ANCIEN - DÉPÔT DE L'US-102 ................................................................................................ 52 11.4.3. BØLLING
  • /ALLERØD – US-102 .............................................................................................................. 52 11.4.4. DRYAS MOYEN OU RÉCENT – US-104 ..................................................................................................... 52 11.4.5. SUB
  • -BORÉAL ET SUB-ATLANTIQUE – US-108 .......................................................................................... 53 11.4.6. PÉRIODE MODERNE – US-101 .............................................................................................................. 53 3
  • rock shelter discovered by M. Le Goffic at the Rocher de l’Impératrice at Plougastel-Daoulas, aims to progressively fill in this gap. The first results of this archaeological operation actually suggest this shelter dominating the Elorn estuary and the Brest roadstead to have been
  • occupied during the Early Azilian. The obtaining of radiocarbon dates (the first ones for the Lateglacial of Brittany) places the Azilian occupations between 13000 and 12000 cal. BC, that is to say during the GIS-1e (Bølling). Several evidences suggest this site to be the result
  • testify of Lateglacial groups limited incursions (seasonal?) into the Armorican Massif after a probable desertion of the region during the GS-2. Lithic production clearly aims the production of blades. This assemblage is particularly interesting in the perspective of studying
  • regular blades, setting up of meticulous production methods, use of non-local raw material, few evidences of “en éperon” preparations), but also testify of a clear progression to the Azilian (systematic use of soft hammerstone, disappearance of bladelets productions, and corollary
  • assemblage, these artistic productions appear to be caught between the Magdalenian and the Azilian. Various studies allowed: starting proposing hypothesis about technical gestures used to produce these engravings; identify colorants; or identify a probable arrhythmia between technical
  • : Le Rocher de l’Impératrice Commune : Plougastel-Daoulas (29470) Coordonnées Lambert (Zone II étendue) : X = 103,520 Y = 1098,600 Coordonnées géographiques : Latitude : 48° 23’ 20” Longitude : 4° 22’ 33” Les références cadastrales de la parcelle contenant le site sont, pour 1982
  • modifié pris pour l'exécution du livre II du Code du travail (hygiène et sécurité sur les chantiers de travaux) ; VU le décret n° 94-423 du 27 mai 1994 portant création des organismes consultatifs en matière d'archéologie nationale ; VU le décret n° 2010-146 du 16 février 2010
  • articles L531-9 et L531-15 ; VU le décret n° 65-48 du 8 janvier 1965 modifié pris pour l'exécution du livre II du Code du travail (hygiène et sécurité sur les chantiers de travaux) ; VU le décret n° 94-423 du 27 mai 1994 portant création des organismes consultatifs en matière
  • RÉGION BRETAGNE le Préfet de la région de Bretagne, Préfet d’Ille-et-Vilaine, ARRÊTÉ n° 2016-032 VU le code du patrimoine, notamment son livre V et en particulier les articles L531-9 et L53115 ; VU le décret n° 65-48 du 8 janvier 1965 modifié pris pour l'exécution du livre II du Code
RAP02769.pdf (ÎLE-DE-MOLÈNE (29). programme archéologique molenais, rapport n°17, beg ar loued : un habitat en pierres s7ches du campaniforme/âge du bronze ancien. rapport de fouille programmée 2011)
  • ............................................................................................................. 18 II – NEUVIEME CAMPAGNE DE FOUILLE PROGRAMMEE SUR LE SITE DE BEG AR LOUED (ILE MOLENE, FINISTERE)........................................... 20 A – INTRODUCTION......................................................................................................... 20 B
  • ................................................................. 100 A – LISTE DES UNITES STRATIGRAPHIQUES, DES UNITES ARCHITECTURALES ET DES STRUCTURES EN CREUX ............................................................................... 100 1 – Liste des unités stratigraphiques (US
  • (directeur des services techniques). - La compagnie de transports maritimes Penn ar Bed et son directeur M. Léon qui nous fait bénéficier chaque année du tarif insulaire, de la gratuité du transport des containers de matériel et de marchandises et met gracieusement à notre disposition un
  • container qui nous sert de cabane de chantier. Nous tenons aussi à remercier le personnel à terre et les équipages de la Penn ar Bed pour leur gentillesse et leur efficacité (spéciale dédicace à Claude Berthelé, à Robert Petton et à Nicole Cariou). - L'équipage du Bugale Mildiz (Milo
  • Lambert II étendu : X = 60,300 ; Y = 2401,880 Parcelle, section cadastrale : commune non cadastrée Propriétaires : La partie terrestre est propriété de la commune de Molène. Coût total de l’opération (en euros) : Hébergement : Nourriture : Frais de transports : Matériel : Travaux de
  • l’association et des spécialistes travaillant sur le matériel archéologique (qui est généralement livré « à domicile » pour les éléments les plus lourds et encombrants)… L’accord avec la compagnie maritime Penn ar Bed (tarif insulaire pour l’ensemble des membres de la fouille et gratuité des
  • 2010, doublent d’importance en pourcentage, ceci étant la conséquence directe de la baisse de 50% des subventions. La mise à disposition à titre gratuit du Sémaphore par le Conseil Général du Finistère ainsi que les accords que nous avons passés avec la Penn ar Bed et la CCPI nous
  • % Tabl. 6 – Répartition géographique des dépenses pour l’année 2011 (hors analyses). 19 II – NEUVIEME CAMPAGNE DE FOUILLE PROGRAMMEE SUR LE SITE DE BEG AR LOUED (ILE MOLENE, FINISTERE) A – INTRODUCTION Découvert en 2000, lors d'une prospection visant à répertorier l'ensemble des
  • sondage II a été rouverte (à l’exception de la tranchée Z). Il avait également été décidé d’élargir le site à l’ouest afin de mieux comprendre la structure 2 et de voir si d’autres structures n’étaient pas décelables. Nous avons également décapé la zone sud pour tenter de reconnaître
  • démontage presque complet des murs. Les niveaux stériles ont été atteints sur la quasi-totalité du Sondage II. De plus, le dernier jour du chantier, nous avons fait appel à un entrepreneur de l’île (C. Berthelé) qui disposait d’une mini-pelle à godet lisse, et ceci afin de tester
  • / UMR 8215) 1 – Introduction Conformément à l’avis de la Cira, la fouille de l’intérieur de la maison a été poursuivie durant la campagne 2011 et menée à son terme. Globalement, nous avons atteint presque partout dans le sondage II les niveaux archéologiquement stériles. Nous avons
RAP00567.pdf ((56). quatre communes du Morbihan : carentoir)
  • quarries has allowed the provenancing of the few remaining unprovenanced local schi stes used for building in the core area. During the months of March and April 19B7 a team of four, under the supervision of Mog Tingle, worked fui 1 -time at intensive surface collection within the core
  • EAST BRITTANY SURVEY 1987 PU EAST BRITTANY SURVEY - OUST/VILAINE WATERSHED EASTER 1987 The seventh season in a programme of fieldwork, itself part of a larger, mul ti -di sci pl i nary study of the relationship between 1 and-use and settlement during the last two thousand
  • (see fig. 1). M was in 1986, and six fields walked then: the alignment transect was slightly changed in 1987 to ensure coverage of a cross-section of land-use types Carentoir and the Vilaine. to the started of this adéquate between Sui table fields under plough and with young crop
  • north east to Comblessac, as also north from Comblessac to the Lande de Craon. The pattern of occurrences of the schi stes in thèse transects suggests that the pink schi stes . i.e. material from the Guer quarries, may wel 1 have been the earliest to be used in the roofing industry
  • , adding a further 13 fields to the 26 from which 'total collection' has been made. Transcription of land-use information from mi scel 1 aneous thirteenth- to ei ghteenth-centur y archives in Vannes, Rennes and Nantes was completed in August and September 19B6 by Lesley Ritchie, who
  • , Reading, Cardiff and York) numbered twenty-two, ' including the directors, and worked for twel ve deiys, from 22 March, with one day off. Six people went in advance, and worked for one day beforehand. Overall, 330 mandays were spent on this year ' s season, including travelling time
  • and time off; 270 of thèse were working days. The weather was poor, with very considérable rai nf al 1 ; although the fields themselves were usually in good condition for walking, recording was excepti onal 1 y difficult. Fieldwalking in Runs at 50m intervais (Transect Walking
  • within thèse transects were walked at 50m intervais, using collection units of 100m; some were too sodden for effective and damage-free surface collection. Field conditions, features, présence of varieties of schi ste and local pronunci at i ons were noted on standardi sed recording
  • there were considérable variations in the concentration of recovered pottery, and the usual conventions are hereby used to distinguish between them: fields in which more than two neighbouring units each produced five or more sherds of the same broad period (or five or more fragments
  • . However, P, an area topographi cal 1 y characterized by the drop of land down to the River Oust, was not dissimilar to the eastern section of M, where the land dropped down to the River Vilaine; here, for a comparable distance, 6.77. of fields walked had notable concentrations
  • ' areas in which nothing - or virtually nothing - can be found on the surface. It looks as if thèse 'blanks' are fields on land not cultivated in the historic period until the twentieth century; sometimes they are in areas clearly utilized as woodland until very recently. In P
  • the 'blanks' lay on the steep si opes around La Hennelaye and Le Haut Couëdic. In R the 'blanks' lay near the Carentoi r /Combl essac commune boundary and on the steep si opes to the north east of this area; also north of Comblessac bourg , in and around the Lande de Craon. There were also
  • (23.8%) - north-east especially; in R on east-, north-eastor south-east-f aci ng slopes (37.77.) - east especially. In P 37% lay on -Fiat land, in M 19.47. and in R 22.6%. Ail this is unremarkable in the light of the prevailing local topography. Présence of the imported schi stes
  • used locally for building, especially roofing, materials was also recorded for each field (though not collected). Thèse materials were not carried for long distances (10—20km maximum) but can usually be clearly di st i ngui shed from local natural , and o-f ten have nail holes
  • . Previous work suggests that they reached the fields in the course of manuring and are therefore probably a useful indicator of pre-twenti eth-century manuring patterns. As in the core communes and in Transect N, it is again notable in thèse sample transects that there are some areas
  • on the north-east side of the high land near the Carentoi r /Combl essac boundary and none by the wood in the Lande de Craon, both areas lacking surface pottery too. There was little or no pink material on the western and south-western si des of this high land, and none from Couè'dillan
  • further. This is not the place -For comprehensi ve considération o -F contrasts between the core communes and the transects sampling the surrounding area o-F the Oust/Vilaine watershed. However , it may be useful to make one or two observations about the material, prior to sustained
  • st i es of the former, was separated from the Ruf f i ac/Carentoir core by the great Bruc 'blank'. Work outside the main season. 19B6—B7 During the past year work has continuée) on other aspects of the project, both field and archivai. Mi cromorphol ogi cal analysis of soi 1
  • Academy; we are deeply indebted to thèse bodies for their support. We are also especially p grateful to M. Plaine of the Musée de Géologie in the University of Rennes for assistance with identification of local schi stes and to Bill Campbell for use of his software 'Mapics'; to Pat
  • and with the additional strains of scattered accommodation: despite very difficult working conditions, they achieved an astonishing rate of work and easily broke ail records. We owe profound thanks, as always, to ail who have given time, labour and energy to the project, as wel 1 as to those who have
RAP02521.pdf (MOLÈNE (29). beg ar loued : un habitat en pierres sèches campaniformes, âge du bronze ancien. rapport final de fouille programmée 2007-2009)
  • Office National u Chasse « A - U Faune Sauvage CONSEIL GENERAL FINISTERE lUU) uni» . - t e BRETAGNE ¿¿3, V I V A N T E ^tySEPI .3 d* bretigne Penu-ar-Bed 0 occidentale ex REMERCIEMENTS 7 FICHE SIGNALETIQUE 9 LISTE DES PARTICIPANTS I-RAPPORT FINANCIER U 2008 (H. Gandois
  • maritimes Penn ar Bed et son directeur M. Léon qui nous font bénéficier comme chaque année du tarif insulaire, de la gratuité du transport des containers de matériel et de marchandises et met gracieusement à notre disposition un container qui nous sert de cabane de chantier. Nous tenons
  • aussi à remercier le personnel à terre et les équipages de la Penn ar Bed pour leur gentillesse et leur efficacité (spéciale dédicace à Claude Berthelé dit Le Bosco et à Robert Petton). - L'équipage du Bugale Mildiz (Milo, Sébastien, Aurélien, Ludovic, Vianney) pour leur amitié et
  • : Yvan Pailler Codirection scientifique : Y. Pailler, H. Gandois, A. Tresset Département : Finistère Commune : Molène Lieu-dit : Beg ar Loued Coordonnées Lambert II étendu : X = 60,300 ; Y = 2401,880 Parcelle, section cadastrale : commune non cadastrée Propriétaires : La partie
  • -retour à Caen pour aller chercher du matériel. Comme on l'a vu précédemment ces surcoûts ont pu être effacés par la baisse conséquente du budget nourriture. Notre accord avec la compagnie maritime Penn ar Bed (tarif insulaire pour l'ensemble des membres de la fouille et gratuité des
  • Général du Finistère ainsi que les accords que nous avons passés avec la Penn ar Bed et la CCPI nous permettent, on l'a vu, de réaliser des économies non négligeables et ainsi d'affecter des montants plus importants aux analyses et donc d'avoir une meilleure compréhension du site. Au
  • dépenses de la triennale (hors analyses). II SEPTIEME CAMPAGNE DE FOUILLE PROGRAMMEE SUR L E SITE D E B E G AR LOUED (ILE MOLENE) A -INTRODUCTION Découvert en 2000, lors d'une prospection visant à répertorier l'ensemble des traces d'occupations anciennes de l'archipel de Molène
  • une autre tournure avec la découverte de structures en pierres sèches laissant augurer la présence d'un bâtiment. Depuis lors, en plus de nous renseigner sur la culture matérielle et l'économie des gens ayant vécu sur Molène à la fin du III millénaire et au début du II millénaire
RAP03654 (PLOUGASTEL-DAOULAS (29). Le Rocher de l'Impératrice. Rapport intermédiaire 2018 de FP 2017-2019)
  • RAPPORT INTERMEDIAIRE 2018 (OPÉRATION PLURIANNUELLE 2017-2019) LE ROCHER DE L’IMPÉRATRICE PLOUGASTEL-DAOULAS (FINISTÈRE) ROC’H AN IMPALAEREZ, PLOUGASTELL-DAOULAZ (PENN AR BED) Nicolas NAUDINOT (dir.) Michel Le Goffic, Ludovic Bellot-Gurlet, Didier Bourles, Annette Flageul
  • ) Coordonnées Lambert (Zone II étendue) : X = 103,520 Y = 1098,600 Coordonnées géographiques : Latitude : 48° 23’ 20” Longitude : 4° 22’ 33” Les références cadastrales de la parcelle contenant le site sont, pour 1982, section A parcelle 2439, pour 1986, section CE parcelle 114 et
  • entre 3095-2915 cal. BC. Un autre foyer, plus large et à sole empierrée dans lequel un petit éclat de silex turonien supérieur dit du GrandPressigny a été découvert a également été mis au jour lors de la campagne de 2017 dans l ‘US-108 ; si les datations radiocarbones des très
RAP01714.pdf (PLOUHINEC (29). "ménez-drégan I". rapport intermédiaire 2000 de fp 3 (2000-2002))
  • the limits of this extrapolation. Indeed, particular fossilisation processes could "shield" the DNA molecules and preserve them for a much longer time. One could predict that such shielding transforms the properties of the preserved DNA and requires particular extraction procedures
  • -Dregan I N° de site: 29 197 015 Cadastre : section ZW, parcelles 366, 370, 372 et hors parcelles Coordonnées Lambert II : X = 92, 200. Y = 2353, 800. Z moy. = 10 m NGF Autorisation n°: 2000/015 1 - Mise en place de la campagne 2000 Préalablement à la campagne de fouille proprement
  • a> ^ oc o o cr m wVi 5- oq" c•-t ^ Cu o oc o ?er VI VI 5X "y ero" c 2 S « g a gS t/i n t li 3-. § Ig-sS «•g i l a o nce 00 t«i» 00 • 41.V• * ii:' • axe» i- t •v % I• o . # a¡ r gî s o O S' ?r 1 1 1 S' 3 I-!» o5.S" o (3O 7 r t « (to' c 00 0
  • " Depurination of DNA in solution occurs at a rate which has led to the prediction that DNA older than 5000 years could not be preserved'. However, mitochondrial DNA in fossils estimated to be around 40.000 years old has been amplified^ showing the limits of this extrapolation. Indeed
  • , particular fossilisation processes could protect DNA molecules in some fossils from microbial, oxidative and hydrolytic attack and preserve them for a much longer time. I have shown^ that this is indeed the case and that DNA can be found preserved in 465.000 years-old tbssil bones
  • the presence of this DNA using a molecular hybridisation technique with modern genomic DNA as probes. This technique which is insensitive to enzyme inhibitors present in all fossil extracts and less sensitive to contaminations with modem DNA allowed me to identify the taxa of the bones
  • {Perissodactyla or Artiodactyla in the various bones analysed) by comparison with control experiments using DNA of extant species^ Furthermore, the technique allows the analysis of the original fossil DNA molecules without modifying them which is impossible using PCR. The exceptional stability
  • of this genetic material could be due to its adsorption to hydroxyapatite and other bone molecules occurring immediately after the death of the individual and later on during the fossilisation process. The price to pay for such a preservation is that the association is so tight
  • that it prevents up to now conventional extraction and PCR amplification. To validate this approach, more recent, morphologically well preserved and palaeontologically determined bones from various periods (from Neolithic to modem times) are now being investigated. Current results show
  • . In conclusion, DNA can be preserved over much longer periods of time than previously expected in a form stably associated to other fossil components. This presumably shields DNA from chemical and microbial degradation allowing this amazing preservation. However, this association presently
  • résumé intitulé "Ancient DNA V" Extrapolation of the rate of DNA degradation m solution has led to the prediction that DNA older than 5000 years could not be preserved. However, the existence of DNA in fossils estimated to be around 30.000 years old has been reported showing
  • associated to the mineral matrix and resists standard extraction procedures up to now. Although PCR analyses cannot be performed on such insoluble material, I could demonstrate the presence of this DNA using a molecular hybridisation technique. This technique allowed me to identify
  • the taxa of the bones (Perissodactyla or Artiodactyla in the various bones analysed) by comparison with control experiments using DNA of extant species. This surprising preservation might be due to the very particular taphonomical history of these bones: they have presumably been heated
  • these results, more recent bones from various periods (from Neolithic to modern times) are now being investigated. Ciurent results show that molecular hybridisation is still the most adequate approach to analyse DNA in fossil bones regardless of its solubility. So far, soluble DNA can
  • be found and analysed by PCR only in the more recent bones. However, some of them also contain preserved DNA in an insoluble form. In conclusion, DNA can be preserved over much longer periods of time than previously expected. It is found closely associated to components that presumably
RAP02918.pdf (HOËDIC (56). groah denn. rapport de fp 2013)
  • par un comité scientifique de lecture. Ont rédigé ce rapport : BAILIFF Ian Professor in the Department of Archaeology Durham University South Road, Durham, DH1 3LE BOUVIER Armel CIRAM, Responsable du service de datation (Carbone 14, Thermoluminescence) Responsable du département
RAP03345.pdf (QUIBERON (56). Beg-er-Vil : Un habitat du Mésolithique sur le littoral du Morbihan. Rapport de FP)
  • . Vous pouvez également être confrontés à des remplissages et déblais de fosses, toujours complexes à détecter à leur niveau d’ouverture, mais aussi à foyers ou à des vidanges de foyer. L’objectif est de fouiller indépendamment chacune de ces unités stratigraphiques (US), puis de les
  • site. Cette configuration apparait comme idéale, car elle permet une grande souplesse dans l’organisation de la fouille, tout en assurant la correction des données rapidement. 3. La fouille est réalisée par passes successives au sein des différentes US, avec un tamisage à sec puis à