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RAP00565.pdf ((56). quatre communes du Morbihan : carentoir)
  • was recorded, the field being the same size and shape as at présent but divided into bandes; an area of 1 ande lay to the north and the nearest settlement (La Boulardaie) lay 130m away. Pottery, building material and schi ste were collected from an area of 1 hectare, distributed ail over
  • ; in addition, environmental analysis and a survey of standing buildings is being undertaken. The larger study involves (amongst other éléments) analysis of documents, including the very detailed cadastral maps and records of the early nineteenth century (Asti 1 1 and Davies 1982a, 1982b
  • collection; phosphate analysis and soil magnetic susceptibil ity survey of the four selected areas; and excavation of part of a bank and lynchet near a field from which 'total' collection had previously been made. Three days (21-23 March) were spent in préparation by three people
  • ; the main team (consisting largely of past and présent students from the Universities of London and Reading) numbered twenty-two, including the directors; it worked for twel ve days, from 24 March, and had one day off; nine people (including one director) remained for an additional week
  • covered, ail fields under plough and with young crop within the three transects were walked at 50m 1 intervais, using collection units of 100m; field conditions, features, présence of schi ste and local pronunci ations were noted on standardised recording forms. 463 fields were thus
  • covered, encompassing 772 hectares (4.01% of the surface area of the four communes). 30.99kg of pottery and 93.92kg of man-made building material were recovered from the transects; 45% of the pottery was médiéval, 53.6% post-medieval and 1.4% Roman. No pre-Roman pottery was found
  • , but sixteen worked flints were recovered, three from transect L, three from C and ten from F, and also a stone axe, the stone of which has yet to be identified (F117). Two possible areas of ridge and furrow were noted, along with fourteen lynchets and eight (mostly substantial) old banks
  • cadastre, as usual. More than three-quarters of the concentrations (80.2%) lay more than 100m away from early nineteenth-century settlements and only 7.5% lay within 50m of them. (This is not signif icantly différent from distances from modem settlements). Surface material tends
  • in the Coet Morel /Hôtel Orl and area (Carentoir). Surface material is markedly absent from fields on the northern and southern boundaries of L, on the east/west ridges (particularly on a band north west of Carentoir) and - as might be expected - on most steep slopes. There are again
  • or schi ste; the imported material is notably absent from fields cleared of woodl and since the 1 ate nineteenth century. Fieldwalking in 5m squares ('Total' Coll ecti on ) In order to investigate the nature of sites identified in transect walking, as in 1983 and 1984 some fields
  • samples for future phosphate analysis were taken from the topsoil in ail squares, at 5m intervais, and soil magnetic suscepti bi 1 i ty readings were also taken at 5m intervais, at the spot from which samples had been lifted. Fluxgate gradiometer readings were not taken since 1984
  • tests suggested that thèse were only useful if taken at much narrower intervais. Schiste was collected, totally from A107, D221 and B216, and in a limited sample from B347 (from one square in every nine). This was subsequently classified in three colour catégories (black/grey, green
  • size is 0.44 hectare. In the early nineteenth century it was part of an area of water meadow, 250m from the nearest settlement of Le Cleu. 0.3 Roman sherds per square were collected (2.11g), with 0.4 médiéval sherds (1.63g), 0.31 post-medieval sherds (1.71g) and 2.38 fragments
  • . As with field 0221, this cl ustering was sufficiently pronounced (and sufficiently distinct from the distribution of médiéval and post-medieval pottery) to suggest that a Roman-period structure once stood on the field. Magnetic susceptibil ity readings produced unusually high values
  • to the bedrock. Quantities of natural schi ste from this field were enormous, some squares producing 45kg; the sampling strategy proved to be of very limited value since it was impossible to gain a sensé of overall distribution and difficult to correl ate the collected squares with the cl
  • to facilitate excavation and recording. Soil was excavated using trowels and ail the finds, with the exception of schiste, were three-dimensional ly recorded. Because of the quantities recovered and the lack of time, the schi ste was collected in 5cm spits. The bad weather prevented total
  • of the 18 mètre squares) was dug. Soil samples for micromorphol ogical and pollen analysis were taken in columns from the sections, using purpose-made meta! containers. Small test holes were also eut by machine at every 15m to the north of Trench 1 (up the side of the south-facing valley
  • ) in order to record the depth of the subsoil (see fig. 2). Trench 1. A shallow ditch was located, eut into the subsoil and natural schi ste. It had a slightly sloping bottom (33cm wide) and was situated 5m north of the crest of the présent lynchet; the ditch was on approximatel y
  • the same alignaient as the lynchet. The ditch was fi 1 1 ed with a homogeneous silty loam which contained two sherds of médiéval pottery and two pièces of (? médiéval) tile. The fill of the ditch was indistinguishable from the overlying thick 1 ayer of loam, which constituted the main
  • ploughing of the field to the north, at least during the médiéval period (see fig. 3). The trial holes up the slope to the north of Trench 1 showed that the subsoil occurred at a shallow depth (about 30cm), in contrast to that recorded at the north end of Trench 1 (lm), and at the crest
RAP00566.pdf ((56). quatre communes du Morbihan : carentoir)
  • . The first (T7) ran north west from T3 across a slight break in si ope, and the other two (T5 and T6) were eut in order to section the platform near T4 (see fig. C) . The-? sections were cleaned and drawn and features in the bottom of the trenches recorded. The two 6m squares were mai ni
  • previously recorded from the site. Three of thèse sherds were of a sandy fabric with large rounded quartz inclusions (1mm) and a notable absence of mica. One, a ri m sherçj, has parallèle with later Iron Age forms from Brittany (La Tene Finale) (Biot, Briard and Papes 331—9) » The other
  • ) to check the négative results from Ti 1 and T9. The sections of the trenches were cleaned by hand and recorded. In ail some 50 working days were spent on site? the average size of the team was seven. Trench 9 The plough soil was excavated in 10cm spits. The amount of pottery decreased
  • (from east to west s T23 , T24 , Iron Age pottery could be T25) , suc h that the areas producing of the trenches were cleaned by hand and tested. The si des part of the plough soil was excavated by recorded; the lowest features located thereby. The trenches were hand, as were
  • of fieldwork, itself part of a larger, mul t i -di sci pl i nary study of the relationship between land-u.se and settlement during the last two thousand years, took place from 21 March - 5 April and 6 -- 27 September in the communes of Ruffiac, Treal, St~Ni col as-du-Tertre , Carentoir, La
  • to test results5 complementary envi ronment al analysis is also being undertaken, as is a survey of ail standing buildings in the core. The complète study involves (amongst other éléments) analysis of documents, including the very détail ed cadastral maps and records of the early
  • nineteenth century» This latter analysis has been completed and is of parti cul. ar significance for fieldwork because it allows complète reconstruction of the early ni neteenth-century landscape (Astill and Davies 1982a, 1983, 1984, 1985). THE EASTER SEASON The 19S6 Easter season
  • involved fieldwalking over large areas at wide intervais, as in 1982 85, in the four core communes; sampling in the communes surrounding the core? and excavation of parts of a field from which 'total' collection had previously been made. Two days (21-22 March) were spent in préparation
  • for the main season by two people. The team (consisting largely of past and présent students from the Universities of London, Reading, Durham and Sheffield) numbered twenty, including the directors, and worked for twelve days, from 23 March, with one day off. A smal 1 team, of the directors
  • ... • • . J. I sites sites f N./< commune médiéval \ boundories sites post médiéval i undated sites 500m 0 sites TRANSECT M I A3 conditions, f eatures, présence of varieti£?s of schiste and local pronunci at i ons were noted on standardised recording forms. 285 fields were
  • worked flints were also collected, three from transect E, three from B, two from B and one from D. One possible platform and thirty lynchets were noted, of which fifteen were in Transect D. As in previous years there were considérable variations in the concentration of recovered
  • and also zones that tend to produce more or less of a surface scatter» Surface material is usually markedly absent from areas near the commune boundaries and is also difficult to find in the fields to the north of Qui 1 vain and around Le? Bois Faux; si gni f i cant 1 y , the more
  • of Transect G, from Métairie au Joly to Le Nouai-)» The figures quoted above demonstrate the remarkably high proportion of fields in G with large concentrations of surface material. The présence of tile scatters, sometimes with smal 1 quanti ties of Roman material associated, were notable
  • possible to see zoning in the présence of thèse schi stes» hence, only black schi stes occurred throughout the ^Ruffiac basin (from Lodineu to Ville Robert and south to La Rivière) and also in a large zone in the north of Transects D and E (from Trelo to La Touche du Mur); in strong
  • contrast black and pink/purple roofing fragments occurred together in zones immediately north of the Ruffiac basin and west of the Trelo zone. It was also possible, in some cases, to distinguish a range of other schi stes that were imported from nearby local sources, probably as walling
  • the ancien cadastre , as usua 1 . More than three-quarters of concentrations of pottery (76.7V.) 1 ay more than 100m away from early n i net eenth-century settlements and only 12» 5% 1 ay within 50m of them» (The former is only slightly higher than distances from modem settlements
  • of the? sites 1 ay within 250m of mapped streams (427.) , while more than a quarter (31.57.) were more than 500m away from them. £< . Samplinq ou.tside the core transects Sampling outside the core was organisée) in 2km radiating from it and thèse were walked in the s ame way as in one
  • , transects within the core. Ail available fields Transect for we>re covered; tl 11s ran 10km slightly west of N of from the north-west Ruffiac, and passed north , boundary communes of Carc , Reminiac and Augan the and into the through south oi Zampefrieac, running just to the w est
  • and their property less dispersed, with more cattle and altogether a more wealthy air; and, despite récent in the core. remembrement , fewer remembrement mounds than Transect M, running slightly south 01 east from the south~-e?ast corner of Carentoir, was bequn, but most of it remains 209 fields
  • were walked (of which to be covered (see fig. B) » hectares (18% of the surface area 6 were in M), encompassing 257 of Transect N) . 7.86kg of pottery and 13.81kg of man-made building material were recovered from thèse transects; 1.37. of the pottery was pre-Roman „ 1% Roman, 29.7
RAP00568.pdf ((56). quatre communes du Morbihan : carentoir)
  • at the bottom of the valley slope. The part of T39 which was on the ridge produced one shallow feature only, perhaps the base of a pit (65: 0.6m wide, 0.1m deep), whose fill (9) produced no finds. Between the brow of the ridge and upper part of the slope (between 30 and 60m from the south
  • there was a ditch terminal (34), 0.62m wide and 0.25m deep. The fill (33) produced the largest collection of pottery from the site - 25 sherds. The majority (13) were of a late Iron-Age/earl y Roman fabric (Fabric 12) , but there was also a terra-ni qra-type base D -f a bowl (Fabric 65), a rim
  • of the relationship between land-use and settlement during the 1 ast two thousand years, took place from 25 August - 1 October in the communes of Ruffiac, Tréal , St-Ni col as-du-Tertre and Carentoir, in the department of Morbihan in eastern Brittany. The ai m of the study is to détermine when
  • was completed in 1987, and a survey of ail standing buildings in the core in 1986. The complète study involves (amongst other éléments) analysis of documents, including the very détail ed cadastral maps and records of the early ni neteenth century. Thèse latter analyses have been completed
  • ; the cadastral work allows total reconstruction of the early rà neteenth- century ] andscape and is of parti cul ar value for the fieldwork programme (Asti 11 and Davies 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987)." The 1988 season involved sample excavation of parts of seven fields (B409, A92, A31
  • /79, H 132, 874, L26, D153) from which 'total' collection had previously been made (fig. 1). Of thèse, A92 had been started in 1986 and remained to finish. The ai rn of thèse smal 1 excavations was the investigation of surf ace/'sub-surf ace rel at i onshi ps; fields were selected
  • five-day planning trips by two in September 1987 and April 1988. The team, consisting of volunteers from a wide range of places, numbered twenty-six, including the directors, one finds assistant and three supervisors; it worked for f i ve weeks from 28 August, with four days off
  • , and only two days were lost because of rain; however , the gênerai dryness meant that the ground was hard and made for very heavy working. EBS 88 B409 (Carentoir Zft 161) B409 lies on a west-facing si ope near the settlement of Le Eiois Guillaume, documentée! from the eighteenth
  • pottery (maximum 5 sherds per square) was more evenly spread. Smal 1 quanti ti es of brick and tile (maximum 0 .5kg per square) were uhevenl y distributed, but tended to concentrate in the south of the field, away from the cl Lister i ng of pre—médiéval and médiéval pottery
  • , and the majority (577.) of the post-medi eval wares was ni neteenth-century . Smal 1 quanti ti es of brick and tile were recovered but only from the first three spits (total 23 fragments, 0. 787kg) . Context 1, however, had in addition to local quartz and quartzite large quantities (120kg
  • some pièces were 5mm across. This layer varied in thickness -from 0.75m on the eastern, up-slope, side o-f the trench to 0.38m on the west. At the east end the top sur-face o-f 2 curved as i -f the layer had been mounded up. This layer could not be total ly excavated over the whole
  • o-f the trench because o-f lack of space for the spoil, so the trench was reduced in size to 6 X 3m. The pottery from this layer (2), like the stone fragments, provides a complète contrast with that of the plough soil. 61 sherds were found, ail of which were Irôn Age, the most
  • at the base of context 2, eut into what looked like a buried soil (32). AI 1 had si mi 1 ar fills of yel 1 owi sh-brown sandy loam with charcoal flecks. On the north side of the trench part of a large pit was excavated (3: lm wide, 0.42m deep > . It had a lower fi II with sliqhtly more
  • . An oval pit (29: 1.15 x 0.6m and 0.08m deep with fill 30) had been eut by a circular pit (17: diameter 0.75m and 0.15m deep) which had a thick deposit of charcoal (14) in its base and then a sandy fill (18). This had in turn been eut by a circular pit (19: 0.6m diameter and 0.1m deep
  • . The range o-f pottery recovered -from the top two spits was very différent -from the lowest spit. In the first twenty centimètres 45 sherds were -found; médiéval pottery predominated (837.), -followed by post-medi eval (157.) and a single sherd o-f Roman pottery (27.) ; 52 -fragments o-f
  • -orange clay (24) from the surface of which came 20 sherds of Iron-Age pottery, the majority of which were of Fabrics 86 (607) and 89 (257). There was no sign of feat ures eut into this layer, which 1 ay directly on the degraded, manganèse— stai ned , quartzitic bedrock (05a) (33
  • ) . Comment The occurrence of médiéval and post-medi eval pottery in the plough soil, but not beneath , and the lack of conte;-; ts of thèse période would suggest that this matériel was not deriyed from SLib— surface features. Manuring might wel 1 account for the evenly distributed
  • is a good indicator of settlement in the near vicinity. In the case of the test pit T37 prehistoric pottery was recovered from the surface, but there were no sub-surface features of that date. It is impossible to suggest reasons for the soning of the prehistoric material on the surface
  • without more extensive investigation. The séquence from T36 is important. The trench was sited on the highest part of the field, near the top of the slope, yet it has a much deeper stratification than T37 lower down the slope. The buried soil 32, with its charcoal, might represent
  • Df the material in it, do not however suggest a midden but rather collapsed walls or some sort of bank. The absence of Roman material from the dump suggests that it was formed before the Roman period: the few Roman sherds found in the topsoil could have been derived from a very
RAP00567.pdf ((56). quatre communes du Morbihan : carentoir)
  • éléments) analysis of documents, including the very detailed cadastral maps and records of the early nineteenth century. This latter analysis has been completed and is of psrticular significance for fieldwork since it allows complète reconstruction of the early ni neteenth-century
  • used locally for building, especially roofing, materials was also recorded for each field (though not collected). Thèse materials were not carried for long distances (10—20km maximum) but can usually be clearly di st i ngui shed from local natural , and o-f ten have nail holes
  • years, took place from 20 March - 4 April in the communes surrounding Ruffiac, Treal , St-Ni col as-du-Tertre and Carentoir, in the departments of Morbihan and 1 1 1 e-et-Vi 1 ai ne in eastern Brittany. The aim of the study is to détermine when, how and why the exploitation
  • landscape
  • , Reading, Cardiff and York) numbered twenty-two, ' including the directors, and worked for twel ve deiys, from 22 March, with one day off. Six people went in advance, and worked for one day beforehand. Overall, 330 mandays were spent on this year ' s season, including travelling time
  • and time off; 270 of thèse were working days. The weather was poor, with very considérable rai nf al 1 ; although the fields themselves were usually in good condition for walking, recording was excepti onal 1 y difficult. Fieldwalking in Runs at 50m intervais (Transect Walking
  • ) Sampling was organized in three 2km transects radiating from the core (P, M and R) and thèse were wal ked in the same way as Transects A to L within the core and Transect N outside it, in 1982-6. Transect P ran due west to the River Oust for 4.1km from the western boundary of Ruffiac
  • (from the area of La Sourigaie to La Houssaie), passing through the communes of Missiriac and Malestroit and the northern outskirts of the town of Malestroit; Transect R ran north east for 7.75km from Trelo to Le Mur at the north-east corner of Carentoir, passing through the communes
  • within thèse transects were walked at 50m intervais, using collection units of 100m; some were too sodden for effective and damage-free surface collection. Field conditions, features, présence of varieties of schi ste and local pronunci at i ons were noted on standardi sed recording
  • of pottery, 161.72kg of man-made building material, 23 from thèse flints and 611.72g of haematite were recovered transects , together with two worked pièces of quartz (from M). This breaks down, by transect, as follows: Brick/tile kg 18. 49 P M 121 . 77 21 . 46 R Pre-Rom. Pottery 1 . 47
  • . 0. 767. 1 . 37. Table 1: Roman Medi eval Post -med . Wei ght Fl int Haemati te by no. kg Pot Pot Pot g 2. 72 1 3. 67 34 . 67. 61 . 17. 2. 97. 545 18 26. 01 347. 61. 57. 3 . 87. 64 4 86. 87. 3. 13 3.77. 8.27. proportions and quantities of material recorded As in the core
  • of surface scatters Di scussi on Clearly the character of the surface material differs from transect to transect. Transects P and M had areas which produced a little pre-Roman pottery - as had Transect N - a phenomenon that is extremely rare in the core communes (Asti 11 and Davies 1986
  • for its very 1 ow proportions of médiéval pottery and very high of post-medi eval . Thèse results are striking by comparison with patterns of material recovered from the four core communes. Whereas the amounts of Roman material collected from the surface are mue h the same, the amounts
  • and proportions of médiéval material are 1 ower (especially in R) - as in N - while those of post-medi eval material are considerably higher, though not as high as in N; in the core 507. of pottery collected from the surface was médiéval and 46.77. post-medi eval . The proportion
  • . Thereafter, although there are a few 'blank' fields in the nei ghbourhood of Pipriac it is again marked that there are very few from Pipriac east to the Vilaine. The contrast between this area and that to the west of it is very striking. The distribution of material in relation
  • to existing settlements was much the same as found in the core communes, with slightly fewer concentrations at distances above 300m from modem dwellings. In ail cases material tends to occur within 50 and 300m of settlements - in P, for example, 33.37. of concentrations lie within 100
  • on the north-east side of the high land near the Carentoi r /Combl essac boundary and none by the wood in the Lande de Craon, both areas lacking surface pottery too. There was little or no pink material on the western and south-western si des of this high land, and none from Couè'dillan
  • north east to Comblessac, as also north from Comblessac to the Lande de Craon. The pattern of occurrences of the schi stes in thèse transects suggests that the pink schi stes . i.e. material from the Guer quarries, may wel 1 have been the earliest to be used in the roofing industry
  • and the western section of M). Some of the Roman fabrics in eastern ti had not been noted before, and included a late Roman roi 1 er-st amped sherd of Argonne ware from M447, near 'Château Gaillard', 2.5km east of Pipriac bourg ■ This ware has an essentially coastal distribution, although
  • there are finds from the Rance/ Vi 1 ai ne river Systems and one sherd from Pipriac is already known (Galliou 1977: 91-2). The médiéval fabrics from this eastern région seem to have less mica, fewer spi cul es and more grog. Some of the fields with Roman material are of particular interest
RAP03449 ((56). Autour du Golfe du Morbihan, les landes de Lanvaux et le sud de la vallée de la Vilaine. Rapport de PD 2016)
  • remains uncertain. 3.1.5 3.1.6 3.1.7 M2 No responses of definite archaeological character have been recorded from survey in M2. Poorly defined negatives 11 to the N likely represent variations in soil morphology/geology. M3 No responses of definite archaeological character
  • Castel was conducted in 1 area located at the interior of an Iron Age promontory fort. This work was commissioned by Centre d’Etudes et de Recherches Archéologiques du Morbihan (CERAM). Département Région Paysage Sols et géologie Morbihan (56) Bretagne Mixed pasture and arable land
  • Coet Sürho: alluvial soils overlying granite and gneiss Pen Castel: rendzinas overlying granite Recent discovery of mediaeval ceramic and building debris at Coet Sürho (Muzillac) suggests the locations of 2 potential medieval settlements dating th th from the 13 -15 century. Survey
  • of upstanding structural remains including large rectilinear ramparts of probable Iron Age origin, several rough stone buildings and walls from the Mediaeval period. These remains encompass an area c.1ha in size. Recent discovery of Gallo-Romain and medieval pottery indicate
  • Castel, échelle 1/1250 2 2.1 ACCÈS, CONDITIONS AU SOL ET CONSIDÉRATIONS GÉNÉRALES Survey in M1-4 at Coet Sürho extended through mainly accessible arable and pasture sloping gently to the N/NE. Complete survey coverage in M3 was made impossible due to obstruction from numerous
  • small-scale ferrous responses are evident throughout the results from both survey at Coet Sürho (M1-4) and Pen Castel. These mostly represent modern ferrous debris contained within the topsoil and are not discussed in the results section of the report unless deemed relevant. Large
  • concentrations of ferrous response at Coet Sürho in locations M3-4 derive from survey in proximity to existing boundaries and farm buildings. Broad regions of ferrous response from survey in proximity to existing boundaries are also evident in the Pen Castel survey results. One substantial
  • /negative responses from natural soil/geological variation also extend throughout the survey results from Pen Castel. The range of this variation has significantly complicated interpretation of the Pen Castel survey results. Client CERAM Coet Sürho (Muzillac) et Pen Castel (Arzon
  • are evident in the results from M3. Responses of possible interest are indicated, mainly in the central and western region of survey (12 & 13). The archaeological significance of these anomalies is uncertain. Insufficient survey area available in M3 and an abundance of modern ferrous
  • responses has made interpretation of the results from M3 uncertain. M4 No responses of definite archaeological character are evident in the results from M4. Potentially signficant responses are indicated to the NW (14), NE (15) and S/SW (16). Response group 15 to the E may represent
  • The southern corner of a suspected Mediaeval building foundation (17) is evident to the N in the results from survey at Pen Castel. Potential further building footprints may be present to the NE (18 & 19), although these represent weak linear/sub-angular patterns which are barely visible
  • above background values. A natural origin for these anomalies should not be ruled out. 3.2.2 Widespread positive/negative soil/geological variation throughout the Pen Castel results makes interpretation of this data set extremely difficult. The majority of responses recorded S
  • of anomaly 17 and W of 23 likely derive from natural soil/geological variation. Further potentially significant responses include a linear arrangement of anomalies (20) running almost parallel with the upstanding Iron Age ramparts enclosing the site; several weak linear © Target Client
  • © Target Interpretation of the results from survey at Pen Castel is highly tentative. The potential that many of the anomalies highlighted from survey in this location derive from soil/geological variation should not be dismissed. Client CERAM Coet Sürho (Muzillac) et Pen Castel
  • (Arzon), Morbihan (56), France 4 6 CONCLUSION 4.1 The magnetometer surveys at Coet Sürho and Pen Castel have recorded the locations of 2 suspected buildings, response 1 in M1 at Coet Sürho , and response 17 at Pen Castel. 4.2 At Coet Sürho a probable property boundary
  • to the building in M1 has also been recorded, and this may extend over an area c.80m x 48m in size. Further potentially significant responses at Coet Sürho include a possible dwelling (15) to the NE in M4, and a group of linear responses and weak trends (16) also in M4 to the S/SW. Survey
  • locations M2-M3 at Coet Sürho display no responses of obvious archaeological character. Interpretation of the results from M3 has been particularly hampered due to numerous trees which prevented complete survey coverage. 4.3 Interpretation of the results from survey at Pen Castel
RAP03240.pdf (PLOUEZOC'H (29). Grand cairn de Barnenez : nouvelles approches, nouveaux résultats, nouvelles perspectives. Rapport de FP 2015)
  • Henares, Madrid, Spain increasing possibilities for characterising and dating pigments.[1,2] Thereby, the more pigments are found within c UMR 6566-CReAAH, Université Rennes 1, Campus de Beaulieu, 35042 Rennes the megaliths record from such a representative area as Brittany, the Cedex
  • cap[12] was mounted over the probe head or the objective to avoid sunlight or other external radiation entering in the spectrometer. The spectral range from 65 to 2500 cm-1 (Stokes) was recorded with a spectral resolution s ~3.5 cm-1. Integration times of 2–3 s and 36 spectral
  • prehistory rituals around Europe. Acknowledgements We thank Dr S. Martin (UNED) for his help in recording SEM/EDX data. This work presents results from the Colours of Death research project HAR2012-34709 of the Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad and the Barnenez, Plouezoc’h
  • noir en hait à gauche- Photo Giot, 1958. -En face restes de la peinture noire et à droite, le rouge foncé de la base peinte de l’ortosthat C. Photo Giot- - Detail des peintures de l’orthostat C- Photo Giot Tout la documentation ordonné sera la base pour une publication, du
  • the biggest group of decorated monuments found within the Atlantic façade. Megalithic art * Correspondence to: Antonio Hernanz, Departamento de Ciencias y Técnicas was characterised as a discipline based on the data obtained in this area. Fisicoquímicas, Universidad Nacional de Educación
  • Nanterre La Défense, 21 allée de l’Université, the first time. Six representative megalithic monuments and two stelae 92023 Nanterre, France from Western France have been selected for this purpose, Fig. S1 f Laboratoire d’Archéologie et d’Anthropologie Sociale, Z. A. Les Guigneries
  • , 85320 (Supporting Information). Raman spectra from a large number of points La Bretonnière-La Claye, France may be obtained in situ with portable micro-Raman spectroscopy (μ-RS) instruments, thereby avoiding numerous extractions of g Laboratoire TRACES, UMR5608, Université Toulouse
  • Jean Jaurés, Maison de la Recherche 5, allée Antonio Machado, 31058 Toulouse Cedex 9, France specimens.[8,10,12,13] Orthostats Hernanz et al. A. pictorial materials have been analysed by in situ μ-RS. Some microspecimens from carefully selected points have been removed in order
  • are the most representative within the classic sequence of Brittany: chambers A and H from Barnenez tumulus (Plouezoc’h, Finistère), the gallery of Goërem (Gâvres, Morbihan), the monuments from Dissignac (Saint-Nazaire, Loire-Atlantique) or the dolmens integrated inside the tumulus of Mont
  • feasible to restore some of the decorations. The oldest megalithic monuments from Brittany are dated around the fifth millennia cal BC including Barnenez tumulus,[17] Mont-Saint-Michel and other earlier evidences. The stelae from the megalithic quarry of L’Hirondelle (Bois de Fourgon
  • , Avrillé, Vendée)[18] and the one from the Neolithic collective grave from Saint-Claude (Bury, Oise)[19] are included within this timeframe as well. The selected stelae describe the link between anthropomorphic figures and the northwestern Atlantic contexts, on one hand. On the other
  • of Δνcal–Δνobs = -0.01 ± 0.05 cm-1 (tStudent 95%).[21] The location of some of the points that have been analysed in situ is indicated (red circles) in Figs2 S3–S23 (Supporting Information). Micro-specimens (size ≤ 1 mm ) of the pigmented areas were extracted from the different sites
  • as to assist in determining the wavenumber of the peaks. Halogen lamp spectra from a cold light source Euromex LE.5210 have been used for spectral background corrections. X-ray microanalyses of the extracted specimens have been carried out using an EDS spectrometer Rontec Xflash Detector
  • spectroscopy spectra have been recorded with an Omicron spectrometer equipped with an EA-125 hemispherical electron multichannel analyser and unmonochromatised Al Ka X-ray source with a radiation energy of 1486.6 eV. The specimens have been pressed into small pellets of ∼ 5–15 mm diameter
  • . Nevertheless, because of their solid consistency, the surface with pictorial materials of the specimens 6 and 1, from the chamber H of Barnenez tumulus and Mane Rutual monument respectively, have been studied with no physical treatments prior to their analyses. The resulting spectral data
  • have been analysed using the CASA XPS software and RSF database for peak fitting and Shirley background correction. The binding energy has been referenced to the adventitious C 1 s peak at 285 eV. Results and discussions Pictorial materials from eight French megalithic sites
  • components of granitic rocks. The SEM/EDS spectra of the specimens 1, 2 and 6 from this chamber reveal a significant content of Mn, Fig. S24 (Supporting Information). The presence of Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. J. Raman Spectrosc. (2015) μ-Raman of prehistoric paintings
  • in italics. Mn in these specimens has also been identified by XPS, Table S1 (Supporting information). Raman spectra of these specimens of black paint from the chamber H, Fig. 1A, show broad bands in the typical spectral region of Mn–O and Mn–OH bending and stretching vibrations (450–800
  • of the low Raman activity of the manganese-based pigments, low crystallinity[10] and high degree of chemical heterogeneity (different manganese compounds can be present simultaneously even at the microscopic level).[33] Manganese oxides/hydroxides may suffer thermal alterations even
  • assignment of the representative Raman spectra shown in Fig. 1A is considered next. A very broad and asymmetric band with a maximum at 643 cm-1, Fig. 1A(a), is frequently observed in these specimens. A study on Magdalenian pigments from Grottes de la Garenne (France) assigned this band
RAP01557.pdf (PLOULEC'H (22). le Yaudet. rapport final de synthèse de fouille programmée 1996-1998)
  • véritable parement. On se contenta de placer, sur la pente érodée, une rangée de très gros blocs de granit disposés le long du passage, afin de former une base aux pierres entassés par-dessus (Us 383). Les similitudes structurelles entre cet élément et la reconstruction du côté nord de
  • servir de base à de futures campagnes de fouilles. Nous avions donc convenu de mener quatre projets spécifiques : • le relevé topographique du promontoire et des structures visibles • la prospection électrique et magnétique de certaines zones choisies • une série de sondages destinés
  • l'utilisation continuelle du chemin d'accès au site, l'érosion anthropique causée par la circulation, dans ce qui était devenu un chemin creux, minant l'équilibre des blocs situés à la base de ce parement. Une preuve éclatante de cette évolution nous est d'ailleurs fournie par le basculement
  • examinerons ciaprès les raisons de cette modification. Au-dessus de cette reconstruction, et comblant en partie le passage, se voyait une masse compacte de dalles de granit redéposées (Us 345), niveau qui nous livra une petite quantité de céramiques du Bas Empire romain. Fig. 5. Le
  • , cette structure fut édifiée afin de donner une base solide à un futur rempart et de compenser la forte pente qu'accuse le sol naturel dans cette zone. Nous ne savons cependant rien encore de la situation et même de l'existence d'un rempart de première phase, équivalent au rempart 1
  • seule opération. Le parement externe (F 490) avait été dressé sur ce niveau de pierres et on avait ajouté des dalles supplémentaires au sommet du dépôt afin de mieux asseoir la base du parement. Ce dernier est, quant â lui, grossièrement bâti et l'on n'avait pas tenté d'y établir des
  • de couvrir la base du parement et de donner à celui-ci une stabilité accrue. La tranchée 25, ouverte au long du pointement de granit, mit en évidence la masse de pierraille déposée en ce point (Us 362) mais ne réussit pas à localiser un parement. Il semblerait donc que ce dernier
  • . A l'origine, l'entrée était parementée et mesurait jusqu'à 8 mètres de large. Le chemin courait sur une forte pente, et l'érosion anthropique, s'ajoutant au ravinement naturel, entraîna la formation d'un chemin creux, dont la base en vint à se trouver à 1,5m sous son niveau originel
  • , par suite, l'effondrement de certains éléments des parements de l'entrée. La reconstruction des deux côtés du passage (examinés dans les tranchées 16 et 27) sur un alignement légèrement différente fut donc due, selon toute vraisemblance, à la nécessité de suivre le nouveau tracé du
  • avoir été creusée au sud de celle-ci. Nous avons en effet mis en évidence sa limite du tracé irrégulier (F 555/F 553) immédiatement au nord de la muraille romaine, tandis qu'au sud de celle-ci nous avons reconnu la base de la terrasse. En ce point, il était clair qu'on avait en
RAP02794.pdf (LARMOR-BADEN (56). Gavrinis : à la recherche des représentations d'une tombe à couloir du IVe millénaire. rapport d'opération)
  • interprétation à leur propos puisse s'établir sur une base graphique renouvelée. Mais le cadre conceptuel permettant de penser les signes et d'en établir une interprétation va influencer la façon de les représenter. On peut à cet effet se conformer à la morphologie vraie du support et aux
  • l'occasion d'un congrès international (Sansoni 2008) -, ou repris du dernier enregistrement des gravures opéré entre 1968 et 1969, puis publiés en langue anglaise au début des années 80 (Shee-Twohig 1981). C’est sur cette base graphique que sont aujourd’hui produits les panneaux
  • traitement des images numériques. La campagne 2012 partait donc sur cette base documentaire entièrement renouvelée, mais qu’il convenait de compléter à plusieurs niveaux. 1.4- Les résultats attendus La programme 2012 s’engageait dans ses attendus (cf. réunion de programmation 2011, Vannes
  • /chamber-of-secrets-historic-scotland-launchesvirtual-tour-of-maeshowe.htm Enfin, Pixogram, une société établie à Edinburgh, spécialisée en projets sur le patrimoine architectural (reconstruction et visualisation), propose dans son portfolio un cercle de pierres dressées enregistré par
  • qu’une base de données impressionnante (1500 panneaux gravés, du Néolithique à l’âge du Bronze) qui permettent de mesurer l’écart séparant cette région du nord de l’Angleterre de toute autre région française à travers cette manière d’opérer et de diffuser l’information, et notamment
  • deux reprises pour participer à ces travaux dans le cadre du colloque Tara (From the Past to the Future – Dublin, oct. 2009 ; Cassen, à paraître). Le matériel utilisé à Knowth est un scanner HD NextEngine (Model 2020i), piloté par Kippor Sinemaster 1000 et contrôlé par le logiciel
RAP03423_4.pdf (RENNES (35). Place Saint-Germain : naissance et évolution d'un quartier de Rennes de l'Antiquité tardive à 1944. Rapport de fouille )
  • bois gorgés d’eau permettent l’établissement de chronologies précises. L’analyse proposée concerne donc des axes d’études extrêmement variés, touchant les questions d’urbanisme, d’histoire économique et sociale, de culture matérielle. Elle pose de nombreuses bases et ouvre de
  • chevilles osseuses présentent souvent des traces d’incisions à proximité de leur base et celle-ci porte parfois des traces de coup, avec ou sans section totale de l’os. Ces coups sont portés en vue
RAP02769.pdf (ÎLE-DE-MOLÈNE (29). programme archéologique molenais, rapport n°17, beg ar loued : un habitat en pierres s7ches du campaniforme/âge du bronze ancien. rapport de fouille programmée 2011)
  • terrain, le reste consistant en des petits achats divers et variés de consommables. La part relativement élevée des cartes de téléphonie s’explique par le fait que notre base de fouille ne dispose pas de ligne fixe et que nous sommes très souvent amenés à prendre contact avec les
  • Finistère, qu’il reçoive ici l’expression de notre profonde gratitude. Le manque patent de logement pour des groupes sur Molène renforce l’importance de cette mise à disposition de locaux. L’ancienne base de fouille que nous louions à des tarifs très modiques n’est désormais plus
RAP02603.pdf (PCR Brécilien. étude interdisciplinaire d'une forêt mythique. bilan d'activités 2010. projet collectif de recherches)
  • des horizons discontinus plus grossiers ont été observés, les poudingues de Gourin (Plaine 1991). Des strates pourprées paléozoïques discordantes surmontent les niveaux briovériens. Deux grandes catégories peuvent y être identifiées (Bigot 1989) : A la base, de façon lenticulaire
  • . De couleur beige clair à blanchâtre, ils forment une masse uniforme et compacte de grès quartzeux sur une épaisseur de plusieurs dizaines de mètres. La présence de rides d'oscillation et vaguelette témoignent de leur origine tidale. A sa base, cette formation des Grès armoricain
  • correspondent à des fragments de minerais, pris sur les sites sidérurgiques, que ce soit des fragments de minerai brut ou des fragments de minerai grillé ; ou prélevés sur les rares affleurements géologiques encore visibles et accessibles. Nous disposons donc maintenant dans la base d'un
  • nombre d'analyses suffisant pour commencer à voir des tendances et des différences. Cependant, il est encore nécessaire de confirmer ces observations par des analyses complémentaires. En effet, définir un site sur la base d'une seule analyse n'est pas suffisant. 4.2 Une signature
  • forges ont été identifiées, sur la base de leur aspect morphologique, comme étant des scories d'affinage de la fonte, fonte sortant de hauts fourneaux. Néanmoins, elles auraient pu correspondre aussi à des scories de raffinage dans des foyers de plus grande taille. La différence de
  • dehors du four. 4.4 - A Paimpont, une influence du type de minerai sur la composition des scories ? Avec la base de données dont nous disposons, nous pouvons commencer à approcher la variabilité chimique des minerais présent dans la forêt de Paimpont. En effet, plusieurs types de
  • dense sur le territoire. Aussi un inventaire détaillé a été développé et mis en place. Sa méthodologie se base sur celle mise en place et utilisée pour l'Inventaire général du Ministère de la Culture pour la France entière. Cette dernière à bien sûr été adaptée aux édifices religieux
RAP03345.pdf (QUIBERON (56). Beg-er-Vil : Un habitat du Mésolithique sur le littoral du Morbihan. Rapport de FP)
  • , une tranchée (BH) et deux sondages de 2 m² destinés à comprendre la nature du site sous le parking. A la base de l’US 101, plusieurs regroupements de pierres ou à l’inverse des césures dans ces épandages de pierres viennent épauler l’hypothèse d’une structure circulaire délimitée
  • en creux à la base de l'amas. 12 Beg-er-Vil (Quiberon, Morbihan) Figure 3. Stratigraphie schématique des fouilles d’O. Kayser, après étude des vestiges archéologiques et après la réalisation de nouvelles datations. (Dessin : G. Marchand). 1.2. UNE 2000) LONGUE PERIODE
  • structures du site de Beg-er-Vil découvertes à la base du niveau archéologique, telles que révélées par les fouilles des années 1980 (à l’ouest) et celles de la période 20122015 La fouille de 2016 commence à la bande 43 et s'étend 15 mètres plus à l'est. A l'heure de la rédaction de la
  • contraire des habitats et nécropoles de Téviec ou Hoëdic, les structures de Beg-er-Vil ne témoignent pour l’instant que d’activités domestiques, dont le déroulement précis reste encore à décrire. Leur découverte à la base du niveau coquillier ou à côté (vers l’est) vient appuyer les
  • l’eau par quart de mètre carré. Les passes se calent sur la base des pierres, qui correspond peu ou prou aux niveaux de circulation des anciens occupants du site. 22 Beg-er-Vil (Quiberon, Morbihan) 4. Le carroyage est conçu sur une base métrique avec un découpage par quart de
  • base des décapages est relevée au tachéomètre laser, pour avoir une indication des liens et des pendages des couches. 8. Un sac de sédiment est prélevé dans chaque mètre carré pour tester le Ph du sol, mais aussi disposer de matière pour des analyses (carpologie, paléoparasitologie
RAP01961.pdf (bassin occidental de la Vilaine et centre Bretagne. rapport de prospection inventaire)
  • monuments) I. Bourgeois, J. Bourgeois & J. Se- Iran âge monuments in sandy Flanders (Belgium): rectangular ritual and funerary enclosures. A contribution from aerial photography mey I. Bourgeois, M. Meganck & J. Se- Enclos fossoyés de l'âge du fer en Flandre sablonneuse: vestiges de
  • - Cérémonie d'ouverture \:>.;, , ,,>\û i*\iyJ:d ihi >h>' M- ^ -- '•
  • with promising prospects. overs & R. Pelegrin J. De Man, H. Mestdagh, K, Cor- A laser based DEM, new possibilities for Flemish archaeologists demans & J. Verkeyn Lunch 13,00-13,30 13,30-14,30 14,30-15,00 Houthulst and the A19 Project: Inventory of WW I Héritage Based on Wartime Aerial
  • Systems in Flanders. The intégration of aerial photography and GIS in the Potenza Valley Survey (Italy) ADABweb - Base de données archéologiques sur l'inlranet du pays fédéral allemand Niedersachsen (Basse-Saxe) Vlapping the Médiéval agricultural traces with help of GIS and aerial
  • . SanchezPalencia & A. Orejas T. Driver High peaks, deep valleys: Triumphs and challenges in surveying upland Wales from the air 10,30-11,00 N. Andrikopoulou-Strack Protecting the archaeological héritage by using aerial photographs - Chances and limits of an archaeological method 11,00
  • 17,00-17,30 M. Ziolkowski Photographie aérienne et satélitaire et prospection archéologique dans les Andes Centrales. 17,30-18,00 Final considérations - B. Bewley & J. Bourgeois S. Aleksejchouk 3D GIS in archaeology (Comprehensive approach in reconstruction of archaeological
  • Meyer Archaeological Research using Satellite Remote Sensing Techniques (Corona) in the Valleys of Shirwan and Chardawal, Iran M. Doneus & G. Scharrer Archaeological Feedback of the Aerial Archaeological Interprétation of an Early Médiéval Graveyard in Frohsdorf, Lower Austria. W
  • . Jarockis & G. Motuzaite Aerial Photography in Lithuania: seven years of expérience D. Krasnodebski Polish Aerial Photography from year ca. 1920 G. Leroux Contribution de l'archéologie aérienne à la connaissance des tracés de routes antiques dans l'ouest de la France - l'exemple de
  • -West Germany Aerial photographies from the First World War: a contribution to the World War-archaeology in Belgium M. Willbertz Was ist eine Fundstelle? Qu'est-ce qu'un site? What is a site? H. von der Osten-Woldenburg Différent numerical and visual concepts for combining aerial
  • , l'essentiel des charpentes médiévales et modernes employant des « ragoles » (émondage de la base au sommet) se trouve dans leur aire de répartition actuelle Des milieux et des hommes : fragments d'histoires croisées I Ukri^piuv^^«(^«KMir*r
RAP01629.pdf (CRÉHEN (22). le château du Guildo. rapport intermédiaire 1999 de fp3 1998/2000)
  • environ) pour permettre toute tentative de datation. La maçonnerie 11393 est très probablement postérieure à la structure 11340. Elle est en revanche nettement antérieure à la reconstruction de l'angle nord-est du château à la fin du XlVe siècle puisque les niveaux de remblais liés à
  • aménagé à la base des murs 9 et 10. Un niveau de graines carbonisées reposant sur un sol affaissé dans cette fosse avait été prélevé en 1998. Il a été confié pour étude à M.-F. Dietsch-SellamiV La prédominance très nette des céréales et notamment de l'avoine dans les restes prélevés
  • montré que les deux tours appartenaient à une reconstruction de la fin du XlVe siècle englobant des vestiges antérieurs non datés. L'ensemble des parties sommitales de ces maçonneries semblaient avoir fait l'objet d'une reconstruction, probablement après l'incendie du château à la fin
  • . Certains portent des traces prononcées de rubéfaction. Cette mise en oeuvre a été observée dans plusieurs endroits du château et a pu être mise en relation avec la campagne de reconstruction due à l'incendie du château par les troupes françaises à la fin du XVe siècle. Le principal
  • droit, situé dans l'angle sud-est de la salle basse, semblent participer de cette campagne de reconstruction (figure 10). L'articulation de cet escalier avec la grande salle du rezde-cour et la descente de cave dégagée en 1998 n'a pu être comprise. L'arasement des vestiges et la
  • évidence devant le château avait été émise l'an dernier. Aucun élément ne permet aujourd'hui ni d'infirmer ni de confirmer avec certitude cette hypothèse. La maçonnerie 11393, de toute évidence postérieure à 11340, est antérieure à ia reconstruction de l'angle nord-est à la fin du XlVe
  • ). Les pourcentages sont calculés sur la base du NTCR. Aveno sativa d. Avena sativa Avena sativa, bases de lemmes Hordeum vulgare Secale cereale Tn tìcu m aestiy 'Unt^duru m cf. Triticum aestivum/'durum Cerealia cf. Cerealia Cerealia, embryon Pisum sativum cf Pisum satixmm Vicia
  • coenococcum Tises Nombre total de restes NTR NTRC 1328 6 4 10 27 7 3 972 215 1 4 2 2 1353 36 4 10 32 7 3 1157 400 6 4 2 2 Avoine cultivée cf. Avoine cultivée Avoine cultivée, bases de lemmes Orge polystique vêtue Seigle Blé tendre/dur cf. Blé tendre/dur Céréales c i Céréales Céréales
  • lesquelles ces s e m e n c e s o n t brillé à l'endroit m ê m e o ù elles ont été d é p o s é e s : - le premier réside d a n s leur t r è s f o r t e densité dans un e s p a c e e x t r ê m e m e n t restreint ; calculé sur la base du n o m b r e total d e restes corrigé, le n o m b r e
  • e {Viciafaba), sont attestées. L ' a t t r i b u t i o n d e s grains d ' a v o i n e à l ' e s p è c e cultivée est c o n f i r m é e par la p r é s e n c e d e quelques bases d e lemmes^ caractéristiques de cette espèce. L e s grains d ' a v o i n e r e p r é s e n t e n t 96
RAP03364.pdf (PLOUGASTEL-DAOULAS (29). Le Rocher de l'Impératrice. Rapport de FP 2014-2016)
  • the nature and rhythm of the techno-economic transformation marking this poorly understand transitional period between Magdalenian and Azilian. Lithic production shows high qualitative standards and exhibits some characteristic clearly inherited from the Magdalenian (production of long
  • pour ces industries dans la région sur la base de la technologie lithique comparée avec les régions disposant d’éléments de datation (fig. 1). Un des principaux résultats de ce travail aura tout d’abord été de rajeunir les sites jusqu’alors attribués au Magdalénien en les plaçant à