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RAP00565.pdf ((56). quatre communes du Morbihan : carentoir)
  • EAST BRITTANY SURVEY: QUST-VILAINE UATERSHED REPORT ON FIELDWORK IN MARCH-APRIL 1985 The fourth season in a programme of fieldwork, itself part of a larger, multi-discipl inary study of the rel ati onshi p between land-use and seulement during the last two thousand years, took
  • ; in addition, environmental analysis and a survey of standing buildings is being undertaken. The larger study involves (amongst other éléments) analysis of documents, including the very detailed cadastral maps and records of the early nineteenth century (Asti 1 1 and Davies 1982a, 1982b
  • . The remaining concentrations (25.7%) had a prédominance of building material, at présent treated as undatable. 2 As usual , the topographical position of the sites was analysed. About a third of them (29.4%) were on flat 1 and while 17.1% were on south-facing and 16.6% on south-east-f
  • that are mapped, far less than in 1984, while a further 39% were up to 500m, and 25.6% more than 500m, away; it was largely sites in F that caused this anomaly. Comparison was systematical ly made with the early nineteenth-century pattern of land-use and settlement, as evidenced by the ancien
  • cadastre, as usual. More than three-quarters of the concentrations (80.2%) lay more than 100m away from early nineteenth-century settlements and only 7.5% lay within 50m of them. (This is not signif icantly différent from distances from modem settlements). Surface material tends
  • and in the early 'nineteenth century (Astill and Davies 1982b: 21f, 31). Thèse cadastral suggestions coincided with fields that produced concentrations of surface material at the post-medieval 'site' C470 and, more arguably, the post-medieval 'probable site 1 C473, although no buildings were
  • indicated there in the nineteenth century. One concentration was located in an area which had standing, inhabited, buildings in the early nineteenth century, but which is now devoid of structures or earthworks: F212, a 'possible site' (médiéval and post-medieval ) . Overall
  • in the Coet Morel /Hôtel Orl and area (Carentoir). Surface material is markedly absent from fields on the northern and southern boundaries of L, on the east/west ridges (particularly on a band north west of Carentoir) and - as might be expected - on most steep slopes. There are again
  • contour in a flat area. In the early nineteenth century it 1 ay on a track and was part of a block of arable in the ' château landscape' associated with La Meule, 125m to the west (a landscape where seigneurial 1 and management introduced distinctive rectangular field shapes, greater
  • in an area that was extensive 1 ande in the early nineteenth century. Previously, there was little to suggest that it was cultivated before the twentieth century and it is clearly in a zone that was marginal for most of the historic period: the nearest settlement (La Bridelaie) is 500m
  • . The results confirm the impression that this 1 and was not brought into cultivation until the twentieth century, and confirm the classification made on the basis of transect walking - the field real ly is 1 bl ank 1 . B347 lies on a slight east-facing slope at 35m, beside a stream, and its
  • size is 0.44 hectare. In the early nineteenth century it was part of an area of water meadow, 250m from the nearest settlement of Le Cleu. 0.3 Roman sherds per square were collected (2.11g), with 0.4 médiéval sherds (1.63g), 0.31 post-medieval sherds (1.71g) and 2.38 fragments
  • lynchet some 1.8m high. This area is near the northern periphery of the Ruffiac commune, and the ancien cadastre indicates that it was a zone of extensive 1 ande in the early nineteenth century. Set within the 1 ande was the petit château of Coetion, with its metai ries (associated
  • area, with 11% of fabric 5, a soft cream fabric used for médiéval table wares. There was a small proportion of both Roman and early médiéval types (3% [fabrics 13 and 16] and 2% [fabric 10] respecti vel y; see below, 10). The absence of the highly fired quartz-tempered wares
  • characteristic of the région in the sixteenth to early eighteenth centuries was notable: only 3% of post-medieval pottery was recovered, and that mostly modem. There was no apparent zoning of particular fabrics, which would suggest a constant accumulation of soil produced by near continuous
  • commune was intensively cultivated from the 1 ater twelfth century (although small amounts of earlier pottery could reflect earlier activity), while the absence of early post-medieval wares suggests a lapse in arable cultivation during the early modem period or changes in manuring
  • it was exploited as meadow, apparently in the early post-medieval period. The range of pottery found in both field boundaries reflects closely that recovered from 'total' collection of Allô. The désertion of the médiéval settlement may have been connected with the remodelling of this area when
  • of évidence suggests intensive cultivation in the late middle âges that was limited in the early modem period with changes in the social status of the 1 andowner and in his method of 1 and management. 8 Envi ronmental , Pottery, Architectural and Language Work, 1984-85 In the course
  • of the last year pollen analysis has been carried out on samples taken during 1984, in particular from buried soils beneath banks in woods near Le Vivier (not far from the excavation site) and Le Rond Point (Carentoir), areas of extensive 1 ande in the early nineteenth century. Although
  • and classified by Astill, Cook and Wright, and compared with the existing fabric séries. No changes have been suggested for this séries, which now comprises 16 fabric groups for prehistoric, Roman, médiéval and early post-medieval pottery. In December 1984 the fabric séries was compared
RAP00567.pdf ((56). quatre communes du Morbihan : carentoir)
  • EAST BRITTANY SURVEY 1987 PU EAST BRITTANY SURVEY - OUST/VILAINE WATERSHED EASTER 1987 The seventh season in a programme of fieldwork, itself part of a larger, mul ti -di sci pl i nary study of the relationship between 1 and-use and settlement during the last two thousand
  • éléments) analysis of documents, including the very detailed cadastral maps and records of the early nineteenth century. This latter analysis has been completed and is of psrticular significance for fieldwork since it allows complète reconstruction of the early ni neteenth-century
  • (from the area of La Sourigaie to La Houssaie), passing through the communes of Missiriac and Malestroit and the northern outskirts of the town of Malestroit; Transect R ran north east for 7.75km from Trelo to Le Mur at the north-east corner of Carentoir, passing through the communes
  • of Comblessac, Guer and Les Brûlais; Transect M ran due east to the River Vilaine for 21.5km front the area of Bat Colin and Le Boschet in south-east Carentoir, passing through the communes of La Chapelle 1 Baceline, Sixt, Bruc , Pipriac and Guipry, and just south of the bourg of Pipriac
  • the 'blanks' lay on the steep si opes around La Hennelaye and Le Haut Couëdic. In R the 'blanks' lay near the Carentoi r /Combl essac commune boundary and on the steep si opes to the north east of this area; also north of Comblessac bourg , in and around the Lande de Craon. There were also
  • two groups of 'blank' fields south east and south west of Comblessac. Together thèse zones suggest that the settlement of Comblessac and its immediately dépendent arable may have been rather small, much smaller than the centres in the core communes: it is notable that a tile
  • of Bruc — for a distance of some 2.5km; thèse 'blank' fields begin already in the eastern part of Sixt commune though do not reach as far as the présent boundary of Pipriac on the east. Everything, including the shape of the fields, suggests that this is an area of late exploitation
  • . Thereafter, although there are a few 'blank' fields in the nei ghbourhood of Pipriac it is again marked that there are very few from Pipriac east to the Vilaine. The contrast between this area and that to the west of it is very striking. The distribution of material in relation
  • . In P concentrations tended to lie on south-, south-eastor south-west—f aci ng slopes (48.17.) or on those facing west. (11.17.) - south-west especially; i n M they tended to lie on north-, north-east-or north-west-f aci ng slopes (36.97.) or, southand sDuth-west-f aci ng slopes
  • (23.8%) - north-east especially; in R on east-, north-eastor south-east-f aci ng slopes (37.77.) - east especially. In P 37% lay on -Fiat land, in M 19.47. and in R 22.6%. Ail this is unremarkable in the light of the prevailing local topography. Présence of the imported schi stes
  • on the north-east side of the high land near the Carentoi r /Combl essac boundary and none by the wood in the Lande de Craon, both areas lacking surface pottery too. There was little or no pink material on the western and south-western si des of this high land, and none from Couè'dillan
  • north east to Comblessac, as also north from Comblessac to the Lande de Craon. The pattern of occurrences of the schi stes in thèse transects suggests that the pink schi stes . i.e. material from the Guer quarries, may wel 1 have been the earliest to be used in the roofing industry
  • and the western section of M). Some of the Roman fabrics in eastern ti had not been noted before, and included a late Roman roi 1 er-st amped sherd of Argonne ware from M447, near 'Château Gaillard', 2.5km east of Pipriac bourg ■ This ware has an essentially coastal distribution, although
RAP00568.pdf ((56). quatre communes du Morbihan : carentoir)
  • large Roman settlement which lies 100m to the south east (see fig. 2). In sura , then , this 6m square produced évidence of an early agricultural phase, followed by two phases of Iron-Age activity, and then a later - perhaps mue h later - agricultural phase. Although there is a large
  • 0.3kg per square) of brick and tile. The field is lowlyinq and located 100m east of the Château de la Ruée, to the? east of Ruffiac (fi g. 6). The a n c ien çadas t. r e records this field as permanent meadow in the early nineteenth century but it also shows that it forméd part
  • EAST BRITTANY SURVEY EAST BRITTANY SURVEY SEPTEMBER Introduction B409 (Carentoir ZA161) Fig. A92 1, 2 (Ruffiac ZK67) Fig. A3 1/79 3 (Ruffiac ZN119) Fig. 4 Fig. 5 H 132 (Ruffiac ZL40) Fig. 674 6 (Carentoir YB29) Fig. 7 L26 (Ruffiac YA224) Fi g . 8 D153
  • (Carentoir YK5) Fig. 9 Fig. 10 General Comment Acknowl edgements Références SEASQN 1988 EAST BRITTANY SURVEY - OUST/ VILAINE WATERSHED SEPTEMBER 1988 The eighth and 1 ast season in a programme of fieldwork, itself part of a larger, mul ti -di sci pl i nary study
  • was completed in 1987, and a survey of ail standing buildings in the core in 1986. The complète study involves (amongst other éléments) analysis of documents, including the very détail ed cadastral maps and records of the early ni neteenth century. Thèse latter analyses have been completed
  • ; the cadastral work allows total reconstruction of the early rà neteenth- century ] andscape and is of parti cul ar value for the fieldwork programme (Asti 11 and Davies 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987)." The 1988 season involved sample excavation of parts of seven fields (B409, A92, A31
  • century as a metai rie (fig. 2). The field was permanent meadow in the early nineteenth century. In 1982 it was walked at 50m intervais and was classified as a 'médiéval site'; some Roman pottery was also recovered. In 1987 the field was gridded in 5m squares and walked for 'total
  • ' collection. Late IronAge/early Roman pottery was recovered (maximum 6 sherds per 5m square) and this tended to concentrate in two areas in the field. The much larger quanti ty of médiéval pottery (maximum 22 sherds per square) had a si mi 1 ar distribution, while the post— medi eval
  • ) was si ted in the north-east part of the field where there was a coïncidence of pre— medi eval and médiéval pottery. A test pi t (T37) was also dug in the south west , over a squar e wh i c h had produced n o t. a b 1 e qu ant i t i e s of pre- medi eval pottery and brick and tile
  • some pièces were 5mm across. This layer varied in thickness -from 0.75m on the eastern, up-slope, side o-f the trench to 0.38m on the west. At the east end the top sur-face o-f 2 curved as i -f the layer had been mounded up. This layer could not be total ly excavated over the whole
  • fragments. Mear the east section was an oval pit (25: lm x 0.75m and 0.28m deep); the fill again produced no finds (27). Another pit in section (26: fill 28, no finds) had been eut into by a smal 1er pit (7: fill 8). Three intercutting pits were excavated in the centre of the trench
  • 2 and to the présent ground surface, that is it occurred at a higher level in the west end of T36 and sloped down to the east. It was on this surface that a spindle whorl of soft brown-yellow mudstone was found. Trench 37 The plough soil (13) was removed in three 0.1m spits
  • was not présent in such quanti ti es. Although the area excavated was so small, it is sufficient to reveal that this zone is of exceptional importance as a long-used settlement area - Iron Age, Roman nearby to the south east, two seigneurial sites hardby (Le Bois Guillaume and La Touche au
  • and irnplied that p>lough damage was greater than anticipated. 4m of the 6m length of the exposed ditch was excavated: it was steep sided with a fiai, bottom (0.8m deep and 1.3m wide). The ditch sloped down towards the east. It was filied with a silty soil with rounded quartz pebbles
  • the same corner and was 4.5m long; T44 was eut north from the north-east corner of T28 for 4.4m (fig. 3). In T42 two ditches were located eut into the natural . One (24) was lm wide and about 0.2m deep and was fi lied with a loam (23) similar to the plough soil. The other (39) was much
  • marks the north b oun d ar y of t h e field. None of the trenches produced structural évidence though the plough soil contai ned large blocks of stone which were cl early derived from a building. It is qui te possible that the buildings were located right. on the ridge, and therefore
  • and was destroyed or collap>sed in the second century, with no subséquent occupation of that parti cul ar site. A31/79 (Ru-ffiac ZN 119) A3 1/79 is situated 4 00m north of Petit Madou in Ruffiac; it stretches from the crest of a ridge on the 40m contour down the north-east slope of a small
  • valley. Near the top of the slope and near the valley bottom are two breaks of slope which follow the contours and could therefore be lynchets or river terraces (fig. tf.) . The ancien cadastre shows this area to have been arable in the early nineteenth century. The two fields A31
  • soil varied from 0.15m on the top of the ridge (the south-west end of T40) to 0.4m at the north-east, down-slope, end. The plough soil (57, 78) overlay the natural clay subsoil (79), into which features had been eut. The shallowness of the plough soil and regular ploughing probably
  • to run east-west and it had been reçut, for' ditch 3 had removed the north side. The reçut ditch had a similar profile, was 0.6m wide and 0.4m deep. It contained an A31/79 Roman poMery f f Brick and tile o o o o OOOO O o 00 o o O o o 00 00 TV o o o 000 00 000 00 00 o o
RAP00566.pdf ((56). quatre communes du Morbihan : carentoir)
  • EAST BRITTANY SURVEY 1986 EAST BRITTANY SURVEY EAST BRITTANY SURVEY EASTER AND SEPTEMBER SEASONS 1986 Easter Season 2 Fi el dwal ki ng at 50m intervais 2 Fi g . A 3 Sampling outside the core 6 7 Fig. B Excavations Al 16 8 Fi g. C 10 September Season Fi g
  • to test results5 complementary envi ronment al analysis is also being undertaken, as is a survey of ail standing buildings in the core. The complète study involves (amongst other éléments) analysis of documents, including the very détail ed cadastral maps and records of the early
  • nineteenth century» This latter analysis has been completed and is of parti cul. ar significance for fieldwork because it allows complète reconstruction of the early ni neteenth-century landscape (Astill and Davies 1982a, 1983, 1984, 1985). THE EASTER SEASON The 19S6 Easter season
  • intervais, using collection units of 100m; field EAST BRITTANY SURVEY 1986 | TRANSECT J TRANSECT B "t— TRANSECT D TRANSECT A TRANSECT E -h— .y. : 75 m ■ ci3 " S Y •m .o-v. Tréal Lo 50ml—' O O .... □ ; C? (Rutfiac g SO TRANSECT G l'ï «2. cm. fl\ □ 1-5km apart
  • intensive covera\ge achieved by rewalking many of the transects did not affect distribution patterns already noted» By contrast , concentrations of surface material are ^frequently found in zones around Le Cleu, La Touche (east of Treal) and - especially - in the southern half
  • material; field E230, where there was also a large tile scatter, provided a parti cul arl y good example of this. Comparison of the distribution of surface material was made with the early n i neteenth-cent ur y p atterri of 1 and -use and settlement, as e v i d e n c e cl b y
  • the ancien cadastre , as usua 1 . More than three-quarters of concentrations of pottery (76.7V.) 1 ay more than 100m away from early n i net eenth-century settlements and only 12» 5% 1 ay within 50m of them» (The former is only slightly higher than distances from modem settlements
  • of mixed 1 and— use. 1 an des (like B2S and D52) and meadow early ni net eenth-century (ilke BS7 and B90) demand some further investigation, since they previous to the nineteenth imply either arable use or settlement century; sites 1 i ke G21S, 220 and 221, lying in the di sti net i vel
  • .Land whiie 14/. were on south-f aci ng and 19.37. on east-facing slopes. Upland concentrât i on s were not especially notable, with only a quarter lying between the 50m and 75m contours (28. IX) 5 almost a half 1 ay between 25m and 50m (49.17.). Somewhat less than a half
  • and their property less dispersed, with more cattle and altogether a more wealthy air; and, despite récent in the core. remembrement , fewer remembrement mounds than Transect M, running slightly south 01 east from the south~-e?ast corner of Carentoir, was bequn, but most of it remains 209 fields
  • from the north-west corner of T4 and eut the edge of the earthwork platform at right angles; the other (T6) was 23m long and ran from the south-east corner of T4 to the southern end of the platform. A section of the whole earthwork was thus obt ai ned . The earliest évidence came
  • by the early post médiéval period (Asti 11 and Davies 1985s 92-5, 97)» If the occupation in T4 is prehistoric then it is the first of its kind for the? région and has important implications for survey work» Its low-lying position, in a wet valley bottom and sealed by 70cm of colluvium
  • of the settlement of Quoiqueneuc in Treal , in the area of a smal 1 n i nth-cent ury monastery. The field is bounded to the north by the main east-west road leading to Quoiqueneuc, and to the west by the road to Le Passai r. The ancien cadastre shows H145 to have been within an area of largely
  • sel f . K446 (Ruffiac ZA106) Ruf f i ac K446 is si tuât ed on the eastern outskirts of Becul eu 1 n
  • (from east to west s T23 , T24 , Iron Age pottery could be T25) , suc h that the areas producing of the trenches were cleaned by hand and tested. The si des part of the plough soil was excavated by recorded; the lowest features located thereby. The trenches were hand, as were
  • was a ragged v-shaped ditch, 1.3m wide and 40cm deep (46), which followed the slope down the valley side -for at 1 east 90m; subsidiary machine eut s (T26, T27) located the ditch on the saine alignment and f ai 1 ed to produce évidence of a tujrn. Both ditches contai ned small quanti ti es
  • schi ste. Dver the bottom had been laid a layer of compactée! schi ste in which there was at 1 east one rut. (64). On this surface accumulated a layer of silt (63), which was in turn covered by soil which had been tipped in from the south edge of the holloway (61, 62). A new surface
  • east of La Hattaie (fig. 4). The field is in a low-lying position and si opes very slightly down to the north. The ancien cadastre shows that H80 was an area of mixed land-use, parti y cultivated in strips but also with 1 an des (uncul ti vated ) and pasture, in small enclosures
  • the first trench was placed over one of the 'concentrations' of Iron Age pottery. Initial ly ai 6m square (T15) was excavated as at Al 16, A92 and H145, and then five trenches (1 mètre wide) were eut north-south across the field at 30m intervais using a machine (from west to east. T16/17
  • to the south. The stone seems to have been piled into a large irregular pit which had been cut into the natural subsoil (48). It muet represent. collapse from some structure in the vicinity, but the cadastral map shows no trace of any structure or track in the area in the early nineteenth
RAP02769.pdf (ÎLE-DE-MOLÈNE (29). programme archéologique molenais, rapport n°17, beg ar loued : un habitat en pierres s7ches du campaniforme/âge du bronze ancien. rapport de fouille programmée 2011)
RAP03187.pdf (QUIBERON (56). Beg er Vil : un habitat du Mésolithique sur le littoral du Morbihan. Rapport de FP 2015)
RAP03817 (QUIBERON (56). Beg er Vil : un habitat de chasseurs-cueilleurs maritimes de l'Holocène. Rapport de FP 2019)
RAP01768.pdf (le mésolithique en Bretagne. rapport de projet collectif de recherches)
RAP03047.pdf (QUIBERON (56). beg er vil : un habitat du mésolithique sur le littoral du Morbihan. rapport intermédiaire de fp 2013-2015)
RAP02397.pdf (PLOUHINEC (29). Menez-Dregan I. rapport final de fp 2006-2008)
RAP03185.pdf ((22)(29)(35)(56). Les premiers peuplements de l'ouest de la France : dépôts pléistocènes et occupations paléolithiques de la région Bretagne. Rapport de PCR)
  • ., SHAW A., sous presse - Discoveries From La Manche: Five years of Early Prehistoric Research in the Channel Island of Jersey. Archaeology International, sous presse. RAVON A.-L. & LAFORGE M., 2015 - Présentation du PCR: Les premiers peuplements de l’Ouest de la France : dépôts
  • /03/2015 : RAVON A.-L. & LAFORGE M., “Presentation of a new regional project: The first human settlements in North-Western France: pleistocene deposits and palaeolithic occupations in the Brittany region”, Jersey Research Meeting, Institute of Archaeology, Londres. 02/04/2015
  • thèse d’A.-L. Ravon concernant le Paléolithique inférieur et moyen ancien de la région fera l’objet d’une publication au BSPF. 6.2 – Communications à venir - RAVON A.-L., LAFORGE M. : “Pleistocene climatic variability on the Armorican peninsula: what is the influence
  • ., GIBBARD P.L., MacPHAIL R.I., OWEN F.J., PARFITT S.A., PREECE R.C., ROBERTS M.B., ROBINSON J.E., WHITTAKER J.E., WILKINSON K.N. (2000) - Late Middle Pleistocene deposits at Norton Farm on the West Sussex coastal plain, southern England. Journal of Quaternary Science, 15 (1), 61-89
  • . - BATES M.R., KEEN D.H., LAUTRIDOU J.-P. (2003) - Pleistocene marine and periglacial deposits of the English Channel. Journal of Quaternary Science, 18 (-3-4), 319-337. - BATES M.R., BRIANT R.M., RHODES E.J., SCHWENNINGER J.-L., WHITTAKER J.E. (2010) - A new chronological framework
  • for Middle and Upper Pleistocene landscape evolution in the Sussex/Hampshire Coastal Corridor, UK. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association, 121, 369-392. - BIGOT B., MONNIER J.-L. (1987) - Stratigraphie et sédimentologie des lœss récents du nord de la Bretagne. Données nouvelles
RAP03316.pdf (PLOUHINEC (29). Ménez-Dregan 1 : des Prénéandertaliens aux Néandertaliens à l'extrême ouest de l'Europe. Rapport de FP)
RAP01858.pdf (les sites mésolithiques en Bretagne. rapport de 1re année de projet collectif de recherche)
Les premier peuplements de l’ouest de la France : dépôts pléistocènes et occupations paléolithiques de la région Bretagne (2018) (Les premier peuplements de l’ouest de la France : dépôts pléistocènes et occupations paléolithiques de la région Bretagne. Rapport de PCR 2018)
RAP03423_4.pdf (RENNES (35). Place Saint-Germain : naissance et évolution d'un quartier de Rennes de l'Antiquité tardive à 1944. Rapport de fouille )