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RAP00565.pdf ((56). quatre communes du Morbihan : carentoir)
  • collection; phosphate analysis and soil magnetic susceptibil ity survey of the four selected areas; and excavation of part of a bank and lynchet near a field from which 'total' collection had previously been made. Three days (21-23 March) were spent in préparation by three people
  • tests suggested that thèse were only useful if taken at much narrower intervais. Schiste was collected, totally from A107, D221 and B216, and in a limited sample from B347 (from one square in every nine). This was subsequently classified in three colour catégories (black/grey, green
  • was recorded, the field being the same size and shape as at présent but divided into bandes; an area of 1 ande lay to the north and the nearest settlement (La Boulardaie) lay 130m away. Pottery, building material and schi ste were collected from an area of 1 hectare, distributed ail over
  • size is 0.44 hectare. In the early nineteenth century it was part of an area of water meadow, 250m from the nearest settlement of Le Cleu. 0.3 Roman sherds per square were collected (2.11g), with 0.4 médiéval sherds (1.63g), 0.31 post-medieval sherds (1.71g) and 2.38 fragments
  • to the bedrock. Quantities of natural schi ste from this field were enormous, some squares producing 45kg; the sampling strategy proved to be of very limited value since it was impossible to gain a sensé of overall distribution and difficult to correl ate the collected squares with the cl
  • commune was intensively cultivated from the 1 ater twelfth century (although small amounts of earlier pottery could reflect earlier activity), while the absence of early post-medieval wares suggests a lapse in arable cultivation during the early modem period or changes in manuring
  • practice. Since the two trenches showed différent amounts of soil buildup and material in the two areas, changes in manuring practice rather than lapse in cultivation may be more relevant in explaining the data from Trench 1. The land-use around Trench 2 clearly changed when
  • it was exploited as meadow, apparently in the early post-medieval period. The range of pottery found in both field boundaries reflects closely that recovered from 'total' collection of Allô. The désertion of the médiéval settlement may have been connected with the remodelling of this area when
  • in the area. Samples were taken from Trench 1 and Trench 2; more will be taken during the summer; and micromorphological analysis will begin in September. The samples taken from 'total' collection sites in 1984 for phosphate analysis have ail been processed and a study was made
  • and cadastral settlements. In the particular case of Roman wares, only small quantities have been recovered and the 'total' collections made from D221 and B347 both suggest that Roman sites generate little pottery on the surface, though they may produce large quantities of brick and tile. 0f
  • surface collections (principally during May 1985). This is sufficient to make it clear that a proportion of the commonly occurring surface material on our fields is imported - from good quai ity modem si ate to harder schi stes, both used largely for roofing but also within the mud si
  • quarry samples and some further limited testing of 'total' collection sites would therefore be useful, particularly from a site with a known, though collapsed, cadastral settlement; the nature of the red/yellow schi stes unevenly distributed on A107 and the grey/green schi ste
  • . Meanwhile Pete Addison will complète the survey of standing buildings; a small team will dévote February, March and April to 'total' collection; analysis of pollens from the Mauffrais podsols and the River Aff \1 backswamps will continue; and work on the local schistes will be pursued
  • of the quai ity of préservation of sites; two 25m squares within the field have already been prospected using a f 1 uxgate gradiometer in order to assist choice of areas for excavation. Thereafter further sites from which 'total' collection has been made will be investigated in small areas
  • ; the main team (consisting largely of past and présent students from the Universities of London and Reading) numbered twenty-two, including the directors; it worked for twel ve days, from 24 March, and had one day off; nine people (including one director) remained for an additional week
  • covered, ail fields under plough and with young crop within the three transects were walked at 50m 1 intervais, using collection units of 100m; field conditions, features, présence of schi ste and local pronunci ations were noted on standardised recording forms. 463 fields were thus
  • covered, encompassing 772 hectares (4.01% of the surface area of the four communes). 30.99kg of pottery and 93.92kg of man-made building material were recovered from the transects; 45% of the pottery was médiéval, 53.6% post-medieval and 1.4% Roman. No pre-Roman pottery was found
  • , but sixteen worked flints were recovered, three from transect L, three from C and ten from F, and also a stone axe, the stone of which has yet to be identified (F117). Two possible areas of ridge and furrow were noted, along with fourteen lynchets and eight (mostly substantial) old banks
  • cadastre, as usual. More than three-quarters of the concentrations (80.2%) lay more than 100m away from early nineteenth-century settlements and only 7.5% lay within 50m of them. (This is not signif icantly différent from distances from modem settlements). Surface material tends
  • in the Coet Morel /Hôtel Orl and area (Carentoir). Surface material is markedly absent from fields on the northern and southern boundaries of L, on the east/west ridges (particularly on a band north west of Carentoir) and - as might be expected - on most steep slopes. There are again
RAP00568.pdf ((56). quatre communes du Morbihan : carentoir)
  • /79, H 132, 874, L26, D153) from which 'total' collection had previously been made (fig. 1). Of thèse, A92 had been started in 1986 and remained to finish. The ai rn of thèse smal 1 excavations was the investigation of surf ace/'sub-surf ace rel at i onshi ps; fields were selected
  • material was obtained from T29 (as was reflected by the results D -f the total collection) but more Roman pottery was found. Time ran ont and the sites had to be backfilled at the point, when ditches were recognised (Asti 13. and Davies 1987, 118-21). In 1988 the excavation was resumed
  • there was a ditch terminal (34), 0.62m wide and 0.25m deep. The fill (33) produced the largest collection of pottery from the site - 25 sherds. The majority (13) were of a late Iron-Age/earl y Roman fabric (Fabric 12) , but there was also a terra-ni qra-type base D -f a bowl (Fabric 65), a rim
  • was probably used for agricultural purposes in the Roman period and hence that the distribution of Roman pottery on the surface derived from manuring. However, the concentrations of brick and tile found in 'total' collection cannot be expiai ned in this way, since the material occurs
  • material collected from this field originally suggested thaï i t was a likely site to find évidence of continuity from Roman into later periods, with its distribution of Roman, médiéval and post-medi eval pottery and brick and tile too, as wel 1 as earthworks. It is therefore very
  • of the relationship between land-use and settlement during the 1 ast two thousand years, took place from 25 August - 1 October in the communes of Ruffiac, Tréal , St-Ni col as-du-Tertre and Carentoir, in the department of Morbihan in eastern Brittany. The ai m of the study is to détermine when
  • five-day planning trips by two in September 1987 and April 1988. The team, consisting of volunteers from a wide range of places, numbered twenty-six, including the directors, one finds assistant and three supervisors; it worked for f i ve weeks from 28 August, with four days off
  • , and only two days were lost because of rain; however , the gênerai dryness meant that the ground was hard and made for very heavy working. EBS 88 B409 (Carentoir Zft 161) B409 lies on a west-facing si ope near the settlement of Le Eiois Guillaume, documentée! from the eighteenth
  • ' collection. Late IronAge/early Roman pottery was recovered (maximum 6 sherds per 5m square) and this tended to concentrate in two areas in the field. The much larger quanti ty of médiéval pottery (maximum 22 sherds per square) had a si mi 1 ar distribution, while the post— medi eval
  • pottery (maximum 5 sherds per square) was more evenly spread. Smal 1 quanti ti es of brick and tile (maximum 0 .5kg per square) were uhevenl y distributed, but tended to concentrate in the south of the field, away from the cl Lister i ng of pre—médiéval and médiéval pottery
  • , and the majority (577.) of the post-medi eval wares was ni neteenth-century . Smal 1 quanti ti es of brick and tile were recovered but only from the first three spits (total 23 fragments, 0. 787kg) . Context 1, however, had in addition to local quartz and quartzite large quantities (120kg
  • some pièces were 5mm across. This layer varied in thickness -from 0.75m on the eastern, up-slope, side o-f the trench to 0.38m on the west. At the east end the top sur-face o-f 2 curved as i -f the layer had been mounded up. This layer could not be total ly excavated over the whole
  • o-f the trench because o-f lack of space for the spoil, so the trench was reduced in size to 6 X 3m. The pottery from this layer (2), like the stone fragments, provides a complète contrast with that of the plough soil. 61 sherds were found, ail of which were Irôn Age, the most
  • . The range o-f pottery recovered -from the top two spits was very différent -from the lowest spit. In the first twenty centimètres 45 sherds were -found; médiéval pottery predominated (837.), -followed by post-medi eval (157.) and a single sherd o-f Roman pottery (27.) ; 52 -fragments o-f
  • -orange clay (24) from the surface of which came 20 sherds of Iron-Age pottery, the majority of which were of Fabrics 86 (607) and 89 (257). There was no sign of feat ures eut into this layer, which 1 ay directly on the degraded, manganèse— stai ned , quartzitic bedrock (05a) (33
  • ) . Comment The occurrence of médiéval and post-medi eval pottery in the plough soil, but not beneath , and the lack of conte;-; ts of thèse période would suggest that this matériel was not deriyed from SLib— surface features. Manuring might wel 1 account for the evenly distributed
  • is a good indicator of settlement in the near vicinity. In the case of the test pit T37 prehistoric pottery was recovered from the surface, but there were no sub-surface features of that date. It is impossible to suggest reasons for the soning of the prehistoric material on the surface
  • without more extensive investigation. The séquence from T36 is important. The trench was sited on the highest part of the field, near the top of the slope, yet it has a much deeper stratification than T37 lower down the slope. The buried soil 32, with its charcoal, might represent
  • Df the material in it, do not however suggest a midden but rather collapsed walls or some sort of bank. The absence of Roman material from the dump suggests that it was formed before the Roman period: the few Roman sherds found in the topsoil could have been derived from a very
  • Roman site in the vicinity, and a few sherds in the topsoil, there is no trace of Roman settlement on this field and little to suggest Roman agricultural use. Présent évidence might suggest that the médiéval pottery in the plough soil derived from very heavy manuring, although
RAP00566.pdf ((56). quatre communes du Morbihan : carentoir)
  • involved fieldwalking over large areas at wide intervais, as in 1982 85, in the four core communes; sampling in the communes surrounding the core? and excavation of parts of a field from which 'total' collection had previously been made. Two days (21-22 March) were spent in préparation
  • worked flints were also collected, three from transect E, three from B, two from B and one from D. One possible platform and thirty lynchets were noted, of which fifteen were in Transect D. As in previous years there were considérable variations in the concentration of recovered
  • management the proportion of sites located and quanti ti es of material collected is entirely comparable with those in the four core communes. However , there is less médiéval material than has usual 1 y been found there and it was a considérable contrast to collect pre-Roman sherds from
  • The 1986 Sept ember season involved sample excavation of parts of four fields (H145, K446, H80, A92) from which 'total ' collection had previously been made (fig. i). One day (5-6 Sept) was spent. in préparation for the main season by two people. The team (consisting of volunteers from
  • 145 10m 0 10 20 F i g. 2 \4- 30 UQ 50 m H145 (Tréai ZB154a) This field was classified as a 'possible site' (médiéval) after •f i el dwal ki ng at 50m intervais in 1984» Intensive collectionfrom the whole of its surface in March 3.986 indicated smal 1 quanti ti es
  • médiéval pottery to the rier t h classify the two fields as a 'site'. In March 1986 intensive surface collection was rnade from most of the two fields. The distribution of médiéval and post-medi eval pottery on K446 was of a 1 ow and even density, although there appeared to be more
  • of fieldwork, itself part of a larger, mul t i -di sci pl i nary study of the relationship between land-u.se and settlement during the last two thousand years, took place from 21 March - 5 April and 6 -- 27 September in the communes of Ruffiac, Treal, St~Ni col as-du-Tertre , Carentoir, La
  • for the main season by two people. The team (consisting largely of past and présent students from the Universities of London, Reading, Durham and Sheffield) numbered twenty, including the directors, and worked for twelve days, from 23 March, with one day off. A smal 1 team, of the directors
  • for most of the main season, with considérable rai nf ail; fields were usually in idéal condition for walking and surface collection was not seriously impeded, but it made excavation al most impossible. Conditions for the return visit were much better, allowing the desired program
  • and parts of J (Carentoir, Treal, St~Nicolas) were rewal ked in order to increase the proportion covered of the surface area of this core (see fig» A). Except for fields previously collected, ail fields under p long h and with young crop within thèse transects were walked at 50m
  • intervais, using collection units of 100m; field EAST BRITTANY SURVEY 1986 | TRANSECT J TRANSECT B "t— TRANSECT D TRANSECT A TRANSECT E -h— .y. : 75 m ■ ci3 " S Y •m .o-v. Tréal Lo 50ml—' O O .... □ ; C? (Rutfiac g SO TRANSECT G l'ï «2. cm. fl\ □ 1-5km apart
  • and also zones that tend to produce more or less of a surface scatter» Surface material is usually markedly absent from areas near the commune boundaries and is also difficult to find in the fields to the north of Qui 1 vain and around Le? Bois Faux; si gni f i cant 1 y , the more
  • of Transect G, from Métairie au Joly to Le Nouai-)» The figures quoted above demonstrate the remarkably high proportion of fields in G with large concentrations of surface material. The présence of tile scatters, sometimes with smal 1 quanti ties of Roman material associated, were notable
  • possible to see zoning in the présence of thèse schi stes» hence, only black schi stes occurred throughout the ^Ruffiac basin (from Lodineu to Ville Robert and south to La Rivière) and also in a large zone in the north of Transects D and E (from Trelo to La Touche du Mur); in strong
  • contrast black and pink/purple roofing fragments occurred together in zones immediately north of the Ruffiac basin and west of the Trelo zone. It was also possible, in some cases, to distinguish a range of other schi stes that were imported from nearby local sources, probably as walling
  • the ancien cadastre , as usua 1 . More than three-quarters of concentrations of pottery (76.7V.) 1 ay more than 100m away from early n i net eenth-century settlements and only 12» 5% 1 ay within 50m of them» (The former is only slightly higher than distances from modem settlements
  • of the? sites 1 ay within 250m of mapped streams (427.) , while more than a quarter (31.57.) were more than 500m away from them. £< . Samplinq ou.tside the core transects Sampling outside the core was organisée) in 2km radiating from it and thèse were walked in the s ame way as in one
  • , transects within the core. Ail available fields Transect for we>re covered; tl 11s ran 10km slightly west of N of from the north-west Ruffiac, and passed north , boundary communes of Carc , Reminiac and Augan the and into the through south oi Zampefrieac, running just to the w est
  • and their property less dispersed, with more cattle and altogether a more wealthy air; and, despite récent in the core. remembrement , fewer remembrement mounds than Transect M, running slightly south 01 east from the south~-e?ast corner of Carentoir, was bequn, but most of it remains 209 fields
  • were walked (of which to be covered (see fig. B) » hectares (18% of the surface area 6 were in M), encompassing 257 of Transect N) . 7.86kg of pottery and 13.81kg of man-made building material were recovered from thèse transects; 1.37. of the pottery was pre-Roman „ 1% Roman, 29.7
RAP00567.pdf ((56). quatre communes du Morbihan : carentoir)
  • for its very 1 ow proportions of médiéval pottery and very high of post-medi eval . Thèse results are striking by comparison with patterns of material recovered from the four core communes. Whereas the amounts of Roman material collected from the surface are mue h the same, the amounts
  • and proportions of médiéval material are 1 ower (especially in R) - as in N - while those of post-medi eval material are considerably higher, though not as high as in N; in the core 507. of pottery collected from the surface was médiéval and 46.77. post-medi eval . The proportion
  • used locally for building, especially roofing, materials was also recorded for each field (though not collected). Thèse materials were not carried for long distances (10—20km maximum) but can usually be clearly di st i ngui shed from local natural , and o-f ten have nail holes
  • where a 'temple' is sited (R8) , was observed to have a ploughed-out stone building, apparently unrecorded and suggesting a larger complex of buildings than has previously been supposée) Gai 1 i a 1977). Slag was collected from both R8 and R9; that from RS is tap slag, produced
  • by smelting iron ore in shaf t f urnaces; that from R9, however, weighed 2kg and came from the bottoms of bowl furnaces; first- and second-century pottery was collected from the surface in this 6 area. This season 's work has produced several indications that the core communes
  • , adding a further 13 fields to the 26 from which 'total collection' has been made. Transcription of land-use information from mi scel 1 aneous thirteenth- to ei ghteenth-centur y archives in Vannes, Rennes and Nantes was completed in August and September 19B6 by Lesley Ritchie, who
  • then - between October and January 19B7 - undertook the index ing and organisation of this material, together with basic analysis of démographie data she had previously collected. Ail data from the survey of standing buildings has been put on dise, ready for analysis in the coming year
  • . Fieldwalking of the sample transects, as also total collection in the core, were 7 financed by the Leverhulme Trust, with some additional assistance from the University of London Central Research Fund and the University of Reading; archive work was financed by a grant from the British
  • years, took place from 20 March - 4 April in the communes surrounding Ruffiac, Treal , St-Ni col as-du-Tertre and Carentoir, in the departments of Morbihan and 1 1 1 e-et-Vi 1 ai ne in eastern Brittany. The aim of the study is to détermine when, how and why the exploitation
  • landscape
  • , Reading, Cardiff and York) numbered twenty-two, ' including the directors, and worked for twel ve deiys, from 22 March, with one day off. Six people went in advance, and worked for one day beforehand. Overall, 330 mandays were spent on this year ' s season, including travelling time
  • ) Sampling was organized in three 2km transects radiating from the core (P, M and R) and thèse were wal ked in the same way as Transects A to L within the core and Transect N outside it, in 1982-6. Transect P ran due west to the River Oust for 4.1km from the western boundary of Ruffiac
  • (from the area of La Sourigaie to La Houssaie), passing through the communes of Missiriac and Malestroit and the northern outskirts of the town of Malestroit; Transect R ran north east for 7.75km from Trelo to Le Mur at the north-east corner of Carentoir, passing through the communes
  • within thèse transects were walked at 50m intervais, using collection units of 100m; some were too sodden for effective and damage-free surface collection. Field conditions, features, présence of varieties of schi ste and local pronunci at i ons were noted on standardi sed recording
  • of pottery, 161.72kg of man-made building material, 23 from thèse flints and 611.72g of haematite were recovered transects , together with two worked pièces of quartz (from M). This breaks down, by transect, as follows: Brick/tile kg 18. 49 P M 121 . 77 21 . 46 R Pre-Rom. Pottery 1 . 47
  • of surface scatters Di scussi on Clearly the character of the surface material differs from transect to transect. Transects P and M had areas which produced a little pre-Roman pottery - as had Transect N - a phenomenon that is extremely rare in the core communes (Asti 11 and Davies 1986
  • ' areas in which nothing - or virtually nothing - can be found on the surface. It looks as if thèse 'blanks' are fields on land not cultivated in the historic period until the twentieth century; sometimes they are in areas clearly utilized as woodland until very recently. In P
  • . Thereafter, although there are a few 'blank' fields in the nei ghbourhood of Pipriac it is again marked that there are very few from Pipriac east to the Vilaine. The contrast between this area and that to the west of it is very striking. The distribution of material in relation
  • to existing settlements was much the same as found in the core communes, with slightly fewer concentrations at distances above 300m from modem dwellings. In ail cases material tends to occur within 50 and 300m of settlements - in P, for example, 33.37. of concentrations lie within 100
  • on the north-east side of the high land near the Carentoi r /Combl essac boundary and none by the wood in the Lande de Craon, both areas lacking surface pottery too. There was little or no pink material on the western and south-western si des of this high land, and none from Couè'dillan
RAP03240.pdf (PLOUEZOC'H (29). Grand cairn de Barnenez : nouvelles approches, nouveaux résultats, nouvelles perspectives. Rapport de FP 2015)
  • , Avrillé, Vendée)[18] and the one from the Neolithic collective grave from Saint-Claude (Bury, Oise)[19] are included within this timeframe as well. The selected stelae describe the link between anthropomorphic figures and the northwestern Atlantic contexts, on one hand. On the other
  • the specimen 2 of black paint from the chamber H of Barnenez The intense spectral background of the μ-RS collected in situ makes tumulus. (b) Spectrum of the white light from a halogen cold light source difficult to identify Raman bands from the pigments. (Euromex LE.5210) with a maximum
  • Henares, Madrid, Spain increasing possibilities for characterising and dating pigments.[1,2] Thereby, the more pigments are found within c UMR 6566-CReAAH, Université Rennes 1, Campus de Beaulieu, 35042 Rennes the megaliths record from such a representative area as Brittany, the Cedex
  • Nanterre La Défense, 21 allée de l’Université, the first time. Six representative megalithic monuments and two stelae 92023 Nanterre, France from Western France have been selected for this purpose, Fig. S1 f Laboratoire d’Archéologie et d’Anthropologie Sociale, Z. A. Les Guigneries
  • , 85320 (Supporting Information). Raman spectra from a large number of points La Bretonnière-La Claye, France may be obtained in situ with portable micro-Raman spectroscopy (μ-RS) instruments, thereby avoiding numerous extractions of g Laboratoire TRACES, UMR5608, Université Toulouse
  • Jean Jaurés, Maison de la Recherche 5, allée Antonio Machado, 31058 Toulouse Cedex 9, France specimens.[8,10,12,13] Orthostats Hernanz et al. A. pictorial materials have been analysed by in situ μ-RS. Some microspecimens from carefully selected points have been removed in order
  • are the most representative within the classic sequence of Brittany: chambers A and H from Barnenez tumulus (Plouezoc’h, Finistère), the gallery of Goërem (Gâvres, Morbihan), the monuments from Dissignac (Saint-Nazaire, Loire-Atlantique) or the dolmens integrated inside the tumulus of Mont
  • feasible to restore some of the decorations. The oldest megalithic monuments from Brittany are dated around the fifth millennia cal BC including Barnenez tumulus,[17] Mont-Saint-Michel and other earlier evidences. The stelae from the megalithic quarry of L’Hirondelle (Bois de Fourgon
  • cap[12] was mounted over the probe head or the objective to avoid sunlight or other external radiation entering in the spectrometer. The spectral range from 65 to 2500 cm-1 (Stokes) was recorded with a spectral resolution s ~3.5 cm-1. Integration times of 2–3 s and 36 spectral
  • of Δνcal–Δνobs = -0.01 ± 0.05 cm-1 (tStudent 95%).[21] The location of some of the points that have been analysed in situ is indicated (red circles) in Figs2 S3–S23 (Supporting Information). Micro-specimens (size ≤ 1 mm ) of the pigmented areas were extracted from the different sites
  • as to assist in determining the wavenumber of the peaks. Halogen lamp spectra from a cold light source Euromex LE.5210 have been used for spectral background corrections. X-ray microanalyses of the extracted specimens have been carried out using an EDS spectrometer Rontec Xflash Detector
  • . Nevertheless, because of their solid consistency, the surface with pictorial materials of the specimens 6 and 1, from the chamber H of Barnenez tumulus and Mane Rutual monument respectively, have been studied with no physical treatments prior to their analyses. The resulting spectral data
  • have been analysed using the CASA XPS software and RSF database for peak fitting and Shirley background correction. The binding energy has been referenced to the adventitious C 1 s peak at 285 eV. Results and discussions Pictorial materials from eight French megalithic sites
  • components of granitic rocks. The SEM/EDS spectra of the specimens 1, 2 and 6 from this chamber reveal a significant content of Mn, Fig. S24 (Supporting Information). The presence of Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. J. Raman Spectrosc. (2015) μ-Raman of prehistoric paintings
  • in italics. Mn in these specimens has also been identified by XPS, Table S1 (Supporting information). Raman spectra of these specimens of black paint from the chamber H, Fig. 1A, show broad bands in the typical spectral region of Mn–O and Mn–OH bending and stretching vibrations (450–800
  • assignment of the representative Raman spectra shown in Fig. 1A is considered next. A very broad and asymmetric band with a maximum at 643 cm-1, Fig. 1A(a), is frequently observed in these specimens. A study on Magdalenian pigments from Grottes de la Garenne (France) assigned this band
  • to cryptomelane,[37] in disagreement with UV Raman data for this mineral.[25] This band could also be assigned to todorokite,[24,38] pyrochroite[4,38] and manganosite.[22] A multi-peak Lorentzian curve fitting of a similar band observed in black drawings from an Copyright © 2015 John Wiley
  • . Representative micro-Raman spectroscopy spectra obtained from specimens 1, 2 and 6 of the black paint used in the chamber H of Barnenez tumulus, Fig. S6 (Supporting Information). A: spectra (a) and (b) suggest the presence of Mn oxides/oxyhydroxides. B: additional components. ac, amorphous
  • of Fe in these specimens is lower than the content of Mn. For all these reasons, the assignment of this band is not conclusive. Another common spectrum from the specimens 1, 2 and 6, Fig. 1A(b), would support the presence of bixbyite[22,24,29] in this black paint. Calcite has been
  • identified in these specimens as well, Fig. 1A(b) and 1B(c). Haematite has also been discovered as another minor component, Fig. 1B(d), and amorphous carbon appears as the most abundant phase in the paint, Fig. 1B(e). Carbon atoms from amorphous carbon and carbonates have also been
RAP00129.pdf (PLOULEC'H (22). le Yaudet. rapport de sondage et de prospection-inventaire.)
  • sont conservés au Musée de Bretagne à Rennes ou dans des collections privées. R. Sanquer a pu, de la sorte, identifier plusieurs monnaies africaines et gauloises provenant vraisemblablement du Yaudet dans les vestiges de la collection Gaultier du Mottay (Sanquer, 1983). Les
  • h e Baie de l a V i e r g e , a wide e s t u a r y a t t h e mouth o f t h e r i v e r Leguer. The promontory, r o u g h l y r e c t a n g u l a r i n shape, i s separated from t h e mainland by a deep v a l l e y a l o n g which t h e minor road from Le Yaudet v i l l a g e t
  • h e headland from t h e mainland was u t i l i z e d as p a r t o f t h e d e f e n s i v e system i n t h e pre-Roman p e r i o d by t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a rampart along i t s n o r t h - w e s t e r n edge running from a prominent granite Beaumanoir, a t t h e
  • f t h e a n c i e n t v i l l a g e o f Le Yaudet and t h e r e l i c o f i t s f a r m l a n d , now abandoned. The s i t e was a c q u i r e d by t h e Departement o f Cote du Nord i n 1980, a t t h e r e q u e s t o f t h e Commune, t o p r o t e c t i t from development
  • i s c o v e r i e s made over t h e years have been c o n v e n i e n t l y summarized by L. Pape (1978, ASSASS) t o which may now be added a discussion o f C e l t i c and C a r t h a g i n i a n c o i n s from a n i n e t e e n t h c e n t u r y c o l l e c t i o n thought
  • t o have come from t h e s i t e (Sanquer 1983). Several excavations extensive nature. have taken place b u t none o f an I n 1935 a number o f s k e l e t o n s were d i s c o v e r e d c l o s e t o t h e church (parcelle 29). They were w i t h o u t d a t i n g
  • evidence b u t an e a r l y medieval date seems l i k e l y (Savidan 1935; Mazeres 1936). From 1952 u n t i l 1954 P r o f e s s o r F l e u r i o t examined t h e Roman w a l l a t t h e n o r t h - e a s t corner o f t h e s i t e b o t h west and s o u t h o f t h e Poste de Douane
  • a l (Garlan 1969). Finally, i n 1978, a s m a l l sondage was dug t o examine a c i r c l e , which appeared on an a i r photograph, i n advance o f t h e c r e a t i o n o f a car park. P o t t e r y o f Bronze Age type was r e p o r t e d . It i s c l e a r from
  • the archaeological i n v e s t i g a t i o n s and casual d i s c o v e r i e s and from t h e h i s t o r i c a l r e c o r d (De La B o r d e r i e 1853, 1896; Fleuriot considerable h i s t o r i c a l 1954b) t h a t Le Yaudet i s a site of potential: the promontory has produced
  • d e p o s i t s was l i k e l y t o be good, w h i l e Trench 2 was l o c a t e d t o examine t h e s t r a t i g r a p h y i m m e d i a t e l y behind t h e Roman d e f e n s i v e w a l l . results, as w i l l be apparent from t h e d e s c r i p t i o n The t o follow
RAP03819 (SAINT-GLEN (22). La Touche ès Pritiaux : le site du premier âge du Fer. Rapport de FP 2019)
  • l’usage privé du copiste et non destinées à une utilisation collective; 2) toute reproduction du texte, accompagnée ou non de photographies, cartes ou schémas, n’est possible que dans le cadre de courtes citations qui doivent être justifiées, par exemple par le caractère scientifique
RAP01629.pdf (CRÉHEN (22). le château du Guildo. rapport intermédiaire 1999 de fp3 1998/2000)
RAP01768.pdf (le mésolithique en Bretagne. rapport de projet collectif de recherches)
  • animales et marines Activités Promoteurs S. Blanchet, B. Ginet, J.-M. Lacot, P. Forré, P. Gouletquer, M. Le Goffic, P. Léopold, Y. Pailler, J. Perry, E. Yven P. Gouletquer, G. Hiérarchisation du corpus de sites en Marchand Finistère S. Blanchet, J. Josselin, P. Etudes de collections
  • (prospections et études de sites) Gérard Tournay (prospections), Grégor Marchand, Estelle Yven Pailler (études de collections) Grégor Marchand (sondages et études de sites) Stéphane Blanchet (prospections et études de sites) Pierre Gouletquer (prospections et études de sites) Catherine
  • chacun, avec des réunions 2003 à une publication collective des des fondements théoriques qui sous- 2. Activités entreprises La réunion inaugurale s'est déroulée au Musée Miln-Le Rouzic à l'invitation de sa conservatrice M. A.-E. Riskine, membre de ce programme collectif de recherche
  • en 2003. Officiants Travaux Sondages sur des sites mésolithiques du Finistère Sondage sur un site du mésolithique moyen en Côte d'Armor Classement et étude des collections Morbihan Tournay en Centre- Etude de l'amas coquillier de Beg-er-Vil Marchand Yven Marchand-Pailler
  • a cependant été récolté sur le rivage. ; cette collection du Mésolithique final reste un vecteur d'informations technologiques et typologiques de premier plan. Dans le deuxième et le troisième cas, plusieurs composantes mésolithiques (groupes de Bertheaume, Téviecien ancien ou final
  • Côtes-d'Armor apportent leurs lots de découvertes que l'on ne peut espérer résumer dans ce rapport. Les résultats, même s'ils viennent nourrir la réflexion collective, appartiennent encore aux inventeurs. La gestion des crédits de fonctionnement du PCR par le CNRS a permis de
  • d'offrir à tous les chercheurs l'accès aux fondements de nos modèles. Une reprise des sites classiques (Téviec, Hoëdic, Beg-anDorchenn, Beg-er-Vil, La Presqu'île) est d'ores et déjà prévue, si l'on parvient à lutter contre les réticences de certains « gardiens » de collections (à ce
  • -an-Dorchenn mettent en avant la domination sans partage des espèces sauvages, avec un très large spectre de chasse. Les mammifères sont dominants sur le site morbihannais, alors que ce sont les poissons à Beg-an-Dorchenn. Sur ce dernier site, l'abondance de poissons dans les collections
  • reste à étudier une partie des faunes des deux amas cités ici. L'accès au Musée de Penmarc'h, où sont conservées les anciennes collections de Beg-an-Dorchenn, est encore impossible, et ce semble-t-il pour plusieurs années. Une demande a été faîte également à Henri De Lumley, pour
  • septembre 2000, une planigraphie avait permis de recueillir une importante collection lithique, qui venait s'ajouter aux ramassages antérieurs. Le quartzite de la Forest-Landerneau compte pour 5 1 % des matières taillées ; le gîte se situe à une quinzaine de kilomètre de Kerliézoc
  • industries de la Villeneuve à Locunolé (Finistère). Il s'agit d'une très longue occupation sur environ un hectare, avec de ce fait de nombreuses chaînes opératoires. Les collections de John Perry et de la Société Lorientaise d'Archéologie (ramassages de D. Delaloy et B. Ginet) seront
  • contrairement à la collection équilibrée de la planigraphie. Il faut donc conclure que les mouvements d'eaux de ce lac ont totalement détruit les niveaux archéologiques, déplacés puis triés les vestiges préhistoriques. De manière paradoxale, le site de La Presqu'île reste pourtant une des
RAP01113.pdf ((56). cartographie et diagnostic archéologique des mégalithes du Sivu de Port-Louis et de la ria d'Étal. rapport de prospection inventaire.)
  • ' lande - environnement terre cultiv-e bois zone urbaine . zone industrielle Observations FI ceu □ DIRECTION GÉNÉRALE DES IMPÔTS DÉ SERVICE DES OPÉRATIONS FISCALES ET FONCIÈRES ! COMM UNE &£LZ* e d ordre Section . e Feuille CADASTRE EXTRAIT DU PLAN CADASTRAL #0 Echelle
  • r-iidnn^ée P3 !i6smr6 ce p ..r seing aire de repos H Intérêt touris ti< - spectaculaire :res □ isolé □ inclus a ins un circui" lande environnement moye: r cultiv-e . 0013 20 ne uroame zone industrielle Ooserv =ti on: Q peu d. o . - /j DIRECTION GENERALE DES
  • □ mitions | j C03S10111' à prévoir e ~ c o 'À r s « —n » X *j - A€Al/< l o ..r xmg ae aire de n Intérêt touristique - scectacul -ire isol- Q inclus a ins un environnement : :res rouit lande □ moyë :eu Q □ □ o-ture e cultiv-e 0c 0 013 zone urbaine zone industrielle
  • : environnement très CZÎ «- " lande 1 moyen L terre cultiv éë bois zone urbaine zone indus tr ielle Observations : L Ait* 0. -cf i cfyeJ cU X ceu à pr." voir nfn .DTCMrMT DIRECTION GÉNÉRALE DES IMPOTS SERVICE DES OPÉRATIONS FISCALES ET FONCIERES . CADASTRE 2 COMMUNE ^èÊè
  • — r* □ voir r» ute car cne r.in d ' exclo it - ti on ne -in de randonn'e ;e -eue - 003S10lilC p . r xi ng aire de re a£ CL H. ^OOWl ouri c tac ai are très □ moyen - 1.101*13 a iS3 un cir cuit p*! - e nv i r o nne me nt : lande pâture terre cultiv -e bois sons urbaine
  • -' de Int = r* - ; o ur 1 î B ue a f Observ itions 1 _ critw*K moye 1 ;res □ scectacul lire isolé inclus a ir.3 un circui" lande e nv i r 0 nne me nt plture terre cultiv-e bois zone urbaine 3triell« zone inaust Q n ti o -L -D u ^ Q ceu □ > ( Ç
  • - oossibilif-' ce lire^dl repos Intérê - □ (croc. ;ouri 3 i> J. Q à prévoir ^ .A~ scectacul lire très I i moyen isolé [x inclus a ir.3 un circuit environnement : . lande p-ture terre cultiv-e b ois sone urbaine zone industrielle ûbserv étions □ [&[ peu Q DÉ NT SERVICE DES
  • □ - inclus a :*i3 un circuit 1 [ - environnement : . lande . pâture . terre cultiv-e . bois . zone urbaine . zone industrielle - scectacul :ire ûbserv étions = O no oui |_J sous conditions [~~[ existant I en cours privée) - accès . oar r vUte oar c lie min d'exploitation c r c ne m
RAP02448.pdf (SAINT-VOUGAY (29). l'esplanade nord du château de Kerjean. archéologie des jardins. rapport final de synthèse de fp2 1998-1999.)
  • : archéologie des jardins Mots-clefs: Sur la chronologie : AGE DU FER-MOD Sur la nature des vestiges immobiliers : CERA, FER, VER. Lieu de dépôt du mobilier archéologique : Collection publique départementale. CADRE MATERIEL DE L'OPERATION Financement L'opération archéologique a été
  • , 1979. W. F. Jashemski, "Recently excavated gardens and cultivated land of the villas at Boscoreale and Oplontis", dans Ancient roman villa gardens. Dumbarton Oaks colioquim on the history of landscape architecture, Dumbarton Oaks, Trustees for Harvard University, 1987. 12 D. Jacques
  • des jardins en France Inversement, c'est autour de cette problématique profonde que l'archéologie des jardins a été développée en France. Bien que chronologiquement et géographiquement différents, les 14 J. M. Treacy and W. M. Denevan, "The creation of cultivable land through
RAP02222.pdf (Les haches à douille de type armoricain. rapport intermédiaire 2006 de projet collectif de recherches 2006-2008)
  • la corrélation typologie/analyses chimiques, et le SIG. Cette dernière étape nécessite plusieurs déplacements à travers la Bretagne. L'ensemble de ces travaux doit aboutir à une publication en 2008 à paraître dans la collection «Archéologie et Civilisations » des PUR, de Rennes
  • en Normandie. Des haches à douille armoricaines sont également connues dans de nombreuses régions de l'ouest de l'Europe, mais en quantité moindre. Ces haches existent également dans des collections en Europe centrale et du nord ouest, mais l'analyse critique de leur provenance
  • important de haches à douille inventoriée dans de nombreux musées français et européens mérite une mention particulière. En effet, ces collections proviennent de découvertes locales mises là à l'abri, mais aussi elles sont le reflet du goût de nombreux collectionneurs pour ces petits
  • euros 350 euros x 6 = 2 1 00 euros 5957 euros •°ana N°anary 31729 Cu 89,0 112 Sn lef inv ""mpWmune 57.12.176 8,0 Ref inv Pb 2,5~ > Sainte Raphine Description I As lâche à douille département Sb 0,10 0,08 parlement hache à douille armoricaine ■ j F Collection
  • typologie Chronologie aration une Saint Germain-la Blanchère Deescripflon\*S^ Ag 0,10 Pays Site Ni 0,05 Bi 0,02 Fe 0,004 Zn 0,02 Collection Typologie Chronologie Décoration Mn 0,001 Si Lieu de conservation Lieu de conservation X Lambert' lusée Saint Raymond foulouse
  • °ana «yse 1967 Site :ef i Commune 2278 hache à douille 50 Sn 2,7 Charente As Sb U6 Ag 0,04 Ni F Collection type Couville Chronologie I Décoration 77-305-3a Description fragment de hache à jdouille | 0,001 ^■.^ : -.r..;-^-î-".TU-.: Bi 0,001 Fe 0,003 Zn 0,05
  • ~j Mn 0,001 Cu 64,1 dépôt de Vénat Commune Sn ,Saint Yrieix \ Département As Ref in 0,002 ^Département Typologie N°analyse 2784 Pb 43,5 Pays { Cu ( l^udeVréJ^m^J Pb 24,2 i Décoration Ag Pays Ni Bi Collection Fe Zn Chronologie Mn Si I Lieu de conservation
  • V Pays 3 F Typologie Décoration Collection Bi Fe Chronologie 0,001 Sb 0,001 ^Département Cu 72,7 dépôt de Vénat Sn Pb 21,5 kSaint Yrieix fragment de hache à douille 9,9 N°analyse 2786 0,005 Ref in TSÇrïmune 77-305 -3C kjSaint Yrieix Ag 0,015 ay s tr 0,06
  • Collection Typologie Zn Mn 0,003 X Lambert Y Lambert 0,001 0,002 Bi Fe Chronologie Décoration Zn Mn Si Lieu de conservation I Ni J Si Lieu de conservation X Lambert Y Lambert N°anaiyse 2787 :T_ L^H——:— 7^ Cu 71,3 1 = — Ref in^fF*^ 77-305-3d dépôt de Vénat "TjPptaïune
  • Saint Yrieix Sn 10,2 As 0,05 Département Sb 0,025 >" Igey de préJp^mG|t Typologie Ni 0,015 Bi 0,003 Fe 0,002 Typologie Zn tr Chronologie Décoration Desfoàon\X hache à douille Ag 0,02 Pays F Collection L Commune i Neuvy-surI Barangeon Pb 16,5 | Description s
  • x Lambert 'Hranalyse 4160 Cu 73,95 Pb 5,5 i Typologie Décoration As 0,001 Sb 0j08 Collection Ag Ô^T Ni 0,06 Bi 0,007 Fe Chronologie dépôt du BFIII Zn 0,002 Mn Si Lieu de conservation ^analyse ^4187 X Lambert Site Ref inv F une 30091 ^ésarin Descriptif n\*V
  • ^ * hache à douille " ^Département ,19 Pays F Typologie Décoration Collection Y Lambert Cu 88,7 N°analyse Cu 59,5 Sn 6,9 Sn 3,6 Pb 2,5~ Pb 31,5 As 0,15 Sb 0,20 Ag 0,07 Ni 0,10 Bi 0,015 Fe tT Chronologie Zn Mn Décoration Chronologie Mn tr Si Lieu de conservation^ Musée
  • 0,02 Bi 0,02 Fragment de hache à douille armoricaine L Dé parlement M, Lieu de prélèvement Collection Fe 0,001 ration p a ys Chronologie Décoration Mn tr ° "analyse Saint Bugan Lieu de conservation mbert 66,7 Sn 5 Pb ■Loudéac Département \22 p Cu N'analyse
  • 2,3 As 0,1 Sb 0,1 Ag 0,15 Ni 0,06 Bi 0,005 Fe tr Collection Typologie Zn Chronologie Décoration X Lambert- Ag mbert X Lambert N°analyse 10,2 21,2 ■.— Collection Lieu de conservation 0,026 Si Musée de Bretagne 62,3 Pb Ag p ays F - :. Lieu de
  • conservation y-Cambert 2366683 1215 t Sb Mn 0,001 Rectangulaire À 3 nervures Si de prélèvement êpa rtement Typologie Mn 0,003 fragment de hache à douille 0,005 Collection ypologie nalyse As ^Saint Quay Portrieux Description Collection X Lambert 220466 Cdrrïmune Ag i
  • F Lieu de conservation 48,2 lÈfeambert 2366683 X Lambert 2204123 3ll95 Ref inv Commune Liau de préj^mfcj* Pb Si Musée Saint Raymond oulouse Fragment de hache à douille armoricaine 3,1 Mn Si 138 Sn Typologie Zn Chronologie X Lambert . 48,1 Collection
  • Planguenoual 22 p a ys Lieu de prélèvement F Collection Typologie Chronologie Décoration " Dépôt ""langue de octogonale 3,8 As 0,09 Sb 0,1 >épa rtement fragment de hache à douille Pb X Lambert' 234759 Re tef inv /r^crjpflgnN fragment de hache à douille Ni Lieu de pré
  • ! 0,03 Bi 0,005 Fe tr Zn 0,001 Mn 0,001 ! |Le Crapon Cjpmrnune 24 Ag 0,07 ; Typologie Décoration I Planguenoual Sn 14,7 As m .J 0,04 Sb 0,15 parlement Pays Collection Ag 0,15 Ni 0,03 Bi 0,004 Fe 0,002 Chronologie Zn " Dépôt ""langue de Mn mbert
  • rtement hache à douille armoricaine Pays F Typologie Décoration Y Lambert 2405233 Collection N°analyse 1351 Ref inv Pb 27,7 As 0,003 Sb Ag 0,01 Ni Bi Fe Chronologie 7,8 Lieu de conservation X Lambert' 234759 4 ^IP Cu 65,5 LIMPIGUET Commune Sn ^Loudéac département _Jz2
  • r'W *V 'W s sî* Pays 0,01 tr Typologie Zn Mn Décoration Collection Chronologie 8,6 Pb 21,8 As W»r\\ hache à douille 'armoricaine Y Lambert 2405233 0,005 Sb tr Ag 0,005 Ni tr Bi 0,005 Fe 0,05 Zn Mn 0,001 Si Lieu de conservation X Lambert 220958 Y Lambert Î2368289
RAP00602.pdf (Les ateliers de potiers médiévaux en Bretagne. rapport de 1re année de projet collectif de recherches 1987-1989)
RAP01557.pdf (PLOULEC'H (22). le Yaudet. rapport final de synthèse de fouille programmée 1996-1998)
RAP03102.pdf (GUIGNEN (35). Le Tertre : occupations de La Tène moyenne-La Tène finale. Rapport de fouille)