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RAP03316.pdf (PLOUHINEC (29). Ménez-Dregan 1 : des Prénéandertaliens aux Néandertaliens à l'extrême ouest de l'Europe. Rapport de FP)
RAP02608.pdf (PLOUHINEC (29). le gisement paléolithique inférieur de Ménez Drégan I. rapport intermédiaire de fouille programmée 2009-2011)
RAP00568.pdf ((56). quatre communes du Morbihan : carentoir)
  • /79, H 132, 874, L26, D153) from which 'total' collection had previously been made (fig. 1). Of thèse, A92 had been started in 1986 and remained to finish. The ai rn of thèse smal 1 excavations was the investigation of surf ace/'sub-surf ace rel at i onshi ps; fields were selected
  • of the relationship between land-use and settlement during the 1 ast two thousand years, took place from 25 August - 1 October in the communes of Ruffiac, Tréal , St-Ni col as-du-Tertre and Carentoir, in the department of Morbihan in eastern Brittany. The ai m of the study is to détermine when
  • five-day planning trips by two in September 1987 and April 1988. The team, consisting of volunteers from a wide range of places, numbered twenty-six, including the directors, one finds assistant and three supervisors; it worked for f i ve weeks from 28 August, with four days off
  • , and only two days were lost because of rain; however , the gênerai dryness meant that the ground was hard and made for very heavy working. EBS 88 B409 (Carentoir Zft 161) B409 lies on a west-facing si ope near the settlement of Le Eiois Guillaume, documentée! from the eighteenth
  • pottery (maximum 5 sherds per square) was more evenly spread. Smal 1 quanti ti es of brick and tile (maximum 0 .5kg per square) were uhevenl y distributed, but tended to concentrate in the south of the field, away from the cl Lister i ng of pre—médiéval and médiéval pottery
  • , and the majority (577.) of the post-medi eval wares was ni neteenth-century . Smal 1 quanti ti es of brick and tile were recovered but only from the first three spits (total 23 fragments, 0. 787kg) . Context 1, however, had in addition to local quartz and quartzite large quantities (120kg
  • some pièces were 5mm across. This layer varied in thickness -from 0.75m on the eastern, up-slope, side o-f the trench to 0.38m on the west. At the east end the top sur-face o-f 2 curved as i -f the layer had been mounded up. This layer could not be total ly excavated over the whole
  • o-f the trench because o-f lack of space for the spoil, so the trench was reduced in size to 6 X 3m. The pottery from this layer (2), like the stone fragments, provides a complète contrast with that of the plough soil. 61 sherds were found, ail of which were Irôn Age, the most
  • . An oval pit (29: 1.15 x 0.6m and 0.08m deep with fill 30) had been eut by a circular pit (17: diameter 0.75m and 0.15m deep) which had a thick deposit of charcoal (14) in its base and then a sandy fill (18). This had in turn been eut by a circular pit (19: 0.6m diameter and 0.1m deep
  • . The range o-f pottery recovered -from the top two spits was very différent -from the lowest spit. In the first twenty centimètres 45 sherds were -found; médiéval pottery predominated (837.), -followed by post-medi eval (157.) and a single sherd o-f Roman pottery (27.) ; 52 -fragments o-f
  • brick and tile (1.5B6kg) were recovered. This is in contrast to the 1 ower spit which had 31 sherds, 977 o-f which were Ir on Age, and the remaining sherd was post-medi eval ; 3 pièces (0.119kg) of brick and tile were f ound. The plough soil sealed a layer of compact, dul 1 yel 1 ow
  • -orange clay (24) from the surface of which came 20 sherds of Iron-Age pottery, the majority of which were of Fabrics 86 (607) and 89 (257). There was no sign of feat ures eut into this layer, which 1 ay directly on the degraded, manganèse— stai ned , quartzitic bedrock (05a) (33
  • ) . Comment The occurrence of médiéval and post-medi eval pottery in the plough soil, but not beneath , and the lack of conte;-; ts of thèse période would suggest that this matériel was not deriyed from SLib— surface features. Manuring might wel 1 account for the evenly distributed
  • is a good indicator of settlement in the near vicinity. In the case of the test pit T37 prehistoric pottery was recovered from the surface, but there were no sub-surface features of that date. It is impossible to suggest reasons for the soning of the prehistoric material on the surface
  • without more extensive investigation. The séquence from T36 is important. The trench was sited on the highest part of the field, near the top of the slope, yet it has a much deeper stratification than T37 lower down the slope. The buried soil 32, with its charcoal, might represent
  • Df the material in it, do not however suggest a midden but rather collapsed walls or some sort of bank. The absence of Roman material from the dump suggests that it was formed before the Roman period: the few Roman sherds found in the topsoil could have been derived from a very
  • Roman site in the vicinity, and a few sherds in the topsoil, there is no trace of Roman settlement on this field and little to suggest Roman agricultural use. Présent évidence might suggest that the médiéval pottery in the plough soil derived from very heavy manuring, although
  • the stone in the plough soil of T36 included plenty of introduced building stone, which must have been carried more than 1 km to this spot; this stone, then, may in tact dérive from the collapse of some nearby structure of médiéval date (cf. H132 below). It is just possible
  • Roux) documented from eighteenth and fifteenth centuries respect! vel y , with a possible médiéval structure near T36 (see fig. 2). It is potentially of the highest significance for long—terni settlement history and would merit a much more extensive investigation. A92 (Ruffiac
  • sett 1 ement . In 1986 the plough soil in T2B
RAP03817 (QUIBERON (56). Beg er Vil : un habitat de chasseurs-cueilleurs maritimes de l'Holocène. Rapport de FP 2019)
RAP02036.pdf (PLOUHINEC (29). gisement paléolithique inférieur de Ménez Drégan I. rapport intermédiaire 2004 de fp 3 (2003-2005))
  • du CNRS, Rennes, p. 1619 et annexes, inédit. GEIGL, E.-M, 1996 - Homo erectus of Western France was not a vegetarian : Zoological assignment of a fossil bone of Menez-Dregan I via a palaeogenetical approach, Actes XIII e congrès UISPP, Forli, Italie, Septembre 1996. Volume 2, p
  • programme. 9 Menez-Dregan 1 - Campagne 2004 BIBLIOGRAPHIE BOUCHET F., ARAUJO A., HARTER S., MIRANDA CHAVES S., NASCIMENTO DUARTE A., MONNIER J.-L. et FERREIRA L.-F., 2002 - Toxocara canis (Werner, 1782) eggs in the pleistocene site of Menez-Dregan, France (300,000-500,000 years
RAP03364.pdf (PLOUGASTEL-DAOULAS (29). Le Rocher de l'Impératrice. Rapport de FP 2014-2016)
  • knowledge of these groups is however unequaled: if the Late Azilian and the Pleistocene/Holocene transition communities are now well known after some recent works, this is not the case of the Magdalenian and first Azilian societies. The launching of a research program in 2013 in a small
  • the nature and rhythm of the techno-economic transformation marking this poorly understand transitional period between Magdalenian and Azilian. Lithic production shows high qualitative standards and exhibits some characteristic clearly inherited from the Magdalenian (production of long
RAP01311.pdf (PLOUHINEC (29). menez drégan. rapport final de fouille programmée 1993-1995)
  • , Lagomorpha, Carnivora, Perissodactyla, Artiodactyla, Primates et Homo sapiens sapiens)]. 4 : Ces fragments d'ADN ont montré un poids moléculaire important (jusqu'à 5 kpb). Im Conclusions Bien que ces données soient préliminaires et nécessitent forcément des vérifications (par les mêmes
  • l'époque de l'occupation du site par Homo erectus. - 8 - Chimie organique, chimie des foyers (par R.J. MARCH) La nature et l'état de conservation exceptionnelle du site de Menez-Dregan s'avèrent tout à fait prometteurs pour l'élaboration d'une problématique sur la taphonomie et l'étude
RAP02397.pdf (PLOUHINEC (29). Menez-Dregan I. rapport final de fp 2006-2008)
RAP02521.pdf (MOLÈNE (29). beg ar loued : un habitat en pierres sèches campaniformes, âge du bronze ancien. rapport final de fouille programmée 2007-2009)
RAP03185.pdf ((22)(29)(35)(56). Les premiers peuplements de l'ouest de la France : dépôts pléistocènes et occupations paléolithiques de la région Bretagne. Rapport de PCR)
  • /03/2015 : RAVON A.-L. & LAFORGE M., “Presentation of a new regional project: The first human settlements in North-Western France: pleistocene deposits and palaeolithic occupations in the Brittany region”, Jersey Research Meeting, Institute of Archaeology, Londres. 02/04/2015
  • ., GIBBARD P.L., MacPHAIL R.I., OWEN F.J., PARFITT S.A., PREECE R.C., ROBERTS M.B., ROBINSON J.E., WHITTAKER J.E., WILKINSON K.N. (2000) - Late Middle Pleistocene deposits at Norton Farm on the West Sussex coastal plain, southern England. Journal of Quaternary Science, 15 (1), 61-89
  • . - BATES M.R., KEEN D.H., LAUTRIDOU J.-P. (2003) - Pleistocene marine and periglacial deposits of the English Channel. Journal of Quaternary Science, 18 (-3-4), 319-337. - BATES M.R., BRIANT R.M., RHODES E.J., SCHWENNINGER J.-L., WHITTAKER J.E. (2010) - A new chronological framework
  • ., SHAW A., sous presse - Discoveries From La Manche: Five years of Early Prehistoric Research in the Channel Island of Jersey. Archaeology International, sous presse. RAVON A.-L. & LAFORGE M., 2015 - Présentation du PCR: Les premiers peuplements de l’Ouest de la France : dépôts
  • , Quaternary International, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2015.07.066. RAVON A.-L., GAILLARD C., MONNIER J.-L., 2015 - Menez-Dregan (Plouhinec, Far Western Europe): the lithic industry from layer 7 and its Acheulian components, Quaternary International, sous presse. 5.2
  • Million Years of the Human Story » (13/02/2014 - 28/09/2014), et dans laquelle Jersey était déjà un élément clé de présentation. Il est très vite apparu que Jersey serait le cadre d’une nouvelle exposition s’intéressant aux origines de l’Homme, notamment via le célèbre site
  • thèse d’A.-L. Ravon concernant le Paléolithique inférieur et moyen ancien de la région fera l’objet d’une publication au BSPF. 6.2 – Communications à venir - RAVON A.-L., LAFORGE M. : “Pleistocene climatic variability on the Armorican peninsula: what is the influence
  • for Middle and Upper Pleistocene landscape evolution in the Sussex/Hampshire Coastal Corridor, UK. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association, 121, 369-392. - BIGOT B., MONNIER J.-L. (1987) - Stratigraphie et sédimentologie des lœss récents du nord de la Bretagne. Données nouvelles
RAP00566.pdf ((56). quatre communes du Morbihan : carentoir)
  • and their property less dispersed, with more cattle and altogether a more wealthy air; and, despite récent in the core. remembrement , fewer remembrement mounds than Transect M, running slightly south 01 east from the south~-e?ast corner of Carentoir, was bequn, but most of it remains 209 fields
  • of fieldwork, itself part of a larger, mul t i -di sci pl i nary study of the relationship between land-u.se and settlement during the last two thousand years, took place from 21 March - 5 April and 6 -- 27 September in the communes of Ruffiac, Treal, St~Ni col as-du-Tertre , Carentoir, La
  • involved fieldwalking over large areas at wide intervais, as in 1982 85, in the four core communes; sampling in the communes surrounding the core? and excavation of parts of a field from which 'total' collection had previously been made. Two days (21-22 March) were spent in préparation
  • for the main season by two people. The team (consisting largely of past and présent students from the Universities of London, Reading, Durham and Sheffield) numbered twenty, including the directors, and worked for twelve days, from 23 March, with one day off. A smal 1 team, of the directors
  • worked flints were also collected, three from transect E, three from B, two from B and one from D. One possible platform and thirty lynchets were noted, of which fifteen were in Transect D. As in previous years there were considérable variations in the concentration of recovered
  • and also zones that tend to produce more or less of a surface scatter» Surface material is usually markedly absent from areas near the commune boundaries and is also difficult to find in the fields to the north of Qui 1 vain and around Le? Bois Faux; si gni f i cant 1 y , the more
  • of Transect G, from Métairie au Joly to Le Nouai-)» The figures quoted above demonstrate the remarkably high proportion of fields in G with large concentrations of surface material. The présence of tile scatters, sometimes with smal 1 quanti ties of Roman material associated, were notable
  • possible to see zoning in the présence of thèse schi stes» hence, only black schi stes occurred throughout the ^Ruffiac basin (from Lodineu to Ville Robert and south to La Rivière) and also in a large zone in the north of Transects D and E (from Trelo to La Touche du Mur); in strong
  • contrast black and pink/purple roofing fragments occurred together in zones immediately north of the Ruffiac basin and west of the Trelo zone. It was also possible, in some cases, to distinguish a range of other schi stes that were imported from nearby local sources, probably as walling
  • the ancien cadastre , as usua 1 . More than three-quarters of concentrations of pottery (76.7V.) 1 ay more than 100m away from early n i net eenth-century settlements and only 12» 5% 1 ay within 50m of them» (The former is only slightly higher than distances from modem settlements
  • of the? sites 1 ay within 250m of mapped streams (427.) , while more than a quarter (31.57.) were more than 500m away from them. £< . Samplinq ou.tside the core transects Sampling outside the core was organisée) in 2km radiating from it and thèse were walked in the s ame way as in one
  • , transects within the core. Ail available fields Transect for we>re covered; tl 11s ran 10km slightly west of N of from the north-west Ruffiac, and passed north , boundary communes of Carc , Reminiac and Augan the and into the through south oi Zampefrieac, running just to the w est
  • were walked (of which to be covered (see fig. B) » hectares (18% of the surface area 6 were in M), encompassing 257 of Transect N) . 7.86kg of pottery and 13.81kg of man-made building material were recovered from thèse transects; 1.37. of the pottery was pre-Roman „ 1% Roman, 29.7
  • management the proportion of sites located and quanti ti es of material collected is entirely comparable with those in the four core communes. However , there is less médiéval material than has usual 1 y been found there and it was a considérable contrast to collect pre-Roman sherds from
  • the surface. However, the distribution pattern of material does not si gni f i cant 1 y deviate from that found in the core. There are again areas with little or no material 'blank ' zones - and areas with more or less of a surface scatter. So, material tends to concentrate in the La
  • Bonneraye/Le Printemps/Saint-Nicolas (Reminiac) area and in the area around ^the château of Touraille, stretching north from it over the? Campeneac commune boundary to La Tieulais; and there are a di sti net i ve number of 1 ow concentrations of post-medi eval material in the Les PI aci
  • eux to Ville Glâird area. There are large 'blank' zones from La Ravraie to Le Boulay and also north west of Augan, although such zones are not so character i st i c of the commune boundaries as they are in the core communes. Se h i stes in gênerai re-f lect the pinker colour
  • . The first (T7) ran north west from T3 across a slight break in si ope, and the other two (T5 and T6) were eut in order to section the platform near T4 (see fig. C) . The-? sections were cleaned and drawn and features in the bottom of the trenches recorded. The two 6m squares were mai ni
  • with plough soil. A small négative feature, 20cm wide, was also noted in section. Neither feature produced finds. The pottery from the plough soil of bot h T3 and T7 was entirely médiéval, and of a similar character to that recovered from the surface, that is 907. coarse wares of fabric 1
  • from the north-west corner of T4 and eut the edge of the earthwork platform at right angles; the other (T6) was 23m long and ran from the south-east corner of T4 to the southern end of the platform. A section of the whole earthwork was thus obt ai ned . The earliest évidence came
RAP01768.pdf (le mésolithique en Bretagne. rapport de projet collectif de recherches)
RAP00565.pdf ((56). quatre communes du Morbihan : carentoir)
  • ; the main team (consisting largely of past and présent students from the Universities of London and Reading) numbered twenty-two, including the directors; it worked for twel ve days, from 24 March, and had one day off; nine people (including one director) remained for an additional week
  • collection; phosphate analysis and soil magnetic susceptibil ity survey of the four selected areas; and excavation of part of a bank and lynchet near a field from which 'total' collection had previously been made. Three days (21-23 March) were spent in préparation by three people
  • covered, encompassing 772 hectares (4.01% of the surface area of the four communes). 30.99kg of pottery and 93.92kg of man-made building material were recovered from the transects; 45% of the pottery was médiéval, 53.6% post-medieval and 1.4% Roman. No pre-Roman pottery was found
  • , but sixteen worked flints were recovered, three from transect L, three from C and ten from F, and also a stone axe, the stone of which has yet to be identified (F117). Two possible areas of ridge and furrow were noted, along with fourteen lynchets and eight (mostly substantial) old banks
  • . The remaining concentrations (25.7%) had a prédominance of building material, at présent treated as undatable. 2 As usual , the topographical position of the sites was analysed. About a third of them (29.4%) were on flat 1 and while 17.1% were on south-facing and 16.6% on south-east-f
  • cadastre, as usual. More than three-quarters of the concentrations (80.2%) lay more than 100m away from early nineteenth-century settlements and only 7.5% lay within 50m of them. (This is not signif icantly différent from distances from modem settlements). Surface material tends
  • in the Coet Morel /Hôtel Orl and area (Carentoir). Surface material is markedly absent from fields on the northern and southern boundaries of L, on the east/west ridges (particularly on a band north west of Carentoir) and - as might be expected - on most steep slopes. There are again
  • or schi ste; the imported material is notably absent from fields cleared of woodl and since the 1 ate nineteenth century. Fieldwalking in 5m squares ('Total' Coll ecti on ) In order to investigate the nature of sites identified in transect walking, as in 1983 and 1984 some fields
  • samples for future phosphate analysis were taken from the topsoil in ail squares, at 5m intervais, and soil magnetic suscepti bi 1 i ty readings were also taken at 5m intervais, at the spot from which samples had been lifted. Fluxgate gradiometer readings were not taken since 1984
  • tests suggested that thèse were only useful if taken at much narrower intervais. Schiste was collected, totally from A107, D221 and B216, and in a limited sample from B347 (from one square in every nine). This was subsequently classified in three colour catégories (black/grey, green
  • was recorded, the field being the same size and shape as at présent but divided into bandes; an area of 1 ande lay to the north and the nearest settlement (La Boulardaie) lay 130m away. Pottery, building material and schi ste were collected from an area of 1 hectare, distributed ail over
  • size is 0.44 hectare. In the early nineteenth century it was part of an area of water meadow, 250m from the nearest settlement of Le Cleu. 0.3 Roman sherds per square were collected (2.11g), with 0.4 médiéval sherds (1.63g), 0.31 post-medieval sherds (1.71g) and 2.38 fragments
  • . As with field 0221, this cl ustering was sufficiently pronounced (and sufficiently distinct from the distribution of médiéval and post-medieval pottery) to suggest that a Roman-period structure once stood on the field. Magnetic susceptibil ity readings produced unusually high values
  • to the bedrock. Quantities of natural schi ste from this field were enormous, some squares producing 45kg; the sampling strategy proved to be of very limited value since it was impossible to gain a sensé of overall distribution and difficult to correl ate the collected squares with the cl
  • of the 18 mètre squares) was dug. Soil samples for micromorphol ogical and pollen analysis were taken in columns from the sections, using purpose-made meta! containers. Small test holes were also eut by machine at every 15m to the north of Trench 1 (up the side of the south-facing valley
  • the same alignaient as the lynchet. The ditch was fi 1 1 ed with a homogeneous silty loam which contained two sherds of médiéval pottery and two pièces of (? médiéval) tile. The fill of the ditch was indistinguishable from the overlying thick 1 ayer of loam, which constituted the main
  • of the lynchet (1.8m), indicating notable col 1 uvi ation . The schi ste recovered from the lynchet was not derived from the yellowish-red type which constituted the natural bedrock in the trench. Most was of a grey/green colour. The greatest amounts were recovered at depths of between 5
  • and 40cm, as was also true of the other material. The pottery, brick, tile and also this schi ste were probably brought on to the field in the course of manuring. Trench 2. The remains of a bank, only 20cm high, were found lying on the natural, midway along the trench. The bank
  • the boundary between plough land and meadow and could also have acted as a kind of flood barrier; the shallowness of the loam deposit would argue for a shorter period of ploughing in the lower northern slope of the valley (the area immediately behind this bank). The absence of brick
  • and tile coul d indicate that this happened before brick and tile were in common use. Both trenches have shown that lynchets could have a complicated history, with their origins in other features. From the point of view of land-use history, the pottery suggests that this area of Ruffiac
RAP03423_4.pdf (RENNES (35). Place Saint-Germain : naissance et évolution d'un quartier de Rennes de l'Antiquité tardive à 1944. Rapport de fouille )
  • indéterminés Homo sapiens Bos taurus Caprinae Sus scrofa f. domesticus Sus scrofa scrofa Cervus elaphus Capreolus capreolus Oryctolagus cuniculus Lepus europaeus Laporidae Equidae Canis familiaris Felis catus Soricidae Rattus rattus Mus musculus Muridae 14,45 14,45 7 7 4,55 8,3 1,6
  • 90 61 57 1 1 18 4 1 247 90 77 1 2 1 8 5 1 3 1 18 4 1 2 2 86 86 87 2 14 16 6 38 125 1 283 6531 365 42 3 6941 7224 1 370 6533 379 58 9 6979 7349 4 2 6 10 2 103 25 2 1 3 1 1 5 3 7 113 27 2 1 3 1 1 5 3 7 10 10 2 1 5 1 2 1 1 1 13 3 1 5 1 1 2 67 Homo sapiens 15 0-2
RAP03345.pdf (QUIBERON (56). Beg-er-Vil : Un habitat du Mésolithique sur le littoral du Morbihan. Rapport de FP)