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RAP00565.pdf ((56). quatre communes du Morbihan : carentoir)
  • . In some parts cadastral land-use, naming and road patterns themselves indicate former settlement sites, especially where very small fields of very mi scell aneous^ land-use are arranged in relation to tracks, like the curti 1 agesand clos that surround settlements both now
  • in nineteenth-century meadow and/or pasture (3.8%), marginal 1 ande (unculti vated land, not fallow - a high 8.6%), woodl and (0.5%), curtilage and areas of mixed land-use; ail but the latter suggest some measurable change in land-use by indicating pre-nineteenth-century arable or settlement
  • or schi ste; the imported material is notably absent from fields cleared of woodl and since the 1 ate nineteenth century. Fieldwalking in 5m squares ('Total' Coll ecti on ) In order to investigate the nature of sites identified in transect walking, as in 1983 and 1984 some fields
  • and topographie position are similar to those of B319, walked in 1983 and also interpreted as a manuring scatter (Astill and Davies 1984a: 20). Six fields in the near vicinity were also walked at 50m intervais; thèse produced some material but no notable concentrations. D221 lies on the 45m
  • ) and 6.36 fragments of brick and tile (115.57g). The assemblage included second-century central Gaulish Samian and rims of third/fourth-century types; thirty-eight pièces of tegul a and twenty-nine of imbrex; three pièces of haematite (310g) and two worked flints. Magnetic susceptibil
  • , and rather more variation than did the other fields, with some tendency for lower readings in the area of the brick/tile/Roman cl ustering. A pl atf orm at the north-western edge of the field produced little material of any type; it is likely that this area has been ploughed down
  • to the bedrock. Quantities of natural schi ste from this field were enormous, some squares producing 45kg; the sampling strategy proved to be of very limited value since it was impossible to gain a sensé of overall distribution and difficult to correl ate the collected squares with the cl
  • , a concentration of médiéval pottery ('site') discovered in the course of transect walking in 1982. In 1983 a 'total' collection was organised over the same area, with geophysical and geochemical prospection. The results suggested that there was domestic occupation on some part of the field
  • lynchet some 1.8m high. This area is near the northern periphery of the Ruffiac commune, and the ancien cadastre indicates that it was a zone of extensive 1 ande in the early nineteenth century. Set within the 1 ande was the petit château of Coetion, with its metai ries (associated
  • interests put their mark on this landscape. The bank, which lies in an area of nineteenth-century meadow and is not shown on the ancien cadastre, may therefore relate to earlier land-use; the lynchet lies at the edge of the château arable, about which - at least - it should furnish some
  • with that generated by survey undertaken around St Malo by the Centre Régional Archéologique d'Alet. Similarities in some of the médiéval fabrics were noted, and there was a striking visual similarity between fabric 10 and pottery from a kiln found at Guipel ( 1 1 1 e et Vilaine). The kiln
  • by the récognition of characteristic seventeenthand 1 ate nineteenth-century types. It is clear that some settlements have a prépondérance of one or other of the two common types of building - the single cell , with ground floor hall and storage loft above, and the long-house, combining byre
  • produced the highest number of sites in transect walking and by far the greatest quantity of material, including very large amounts of brick and tile. The season also allows further observations on the problems identified in 1984 and some reinf orcement of the suggestions made
  • there, with some useful focussing on early modem, pre-cadastral use: the relevant problems are those of distinguishing manuring from settlement scatters and of determining the extent of scatter generated from inhabited buildings (Astill and Davies 1984c: 55-8). It is even clearer that crude
  • walked on recently cleared woodl and also produced some compl ementary material, as in 1984. Again, much of the established woodland of the early twentieth century lies in 'blank' areas that produce no surface material when the wood is cleared and fields walked; again, this suggests
  • as significant as surface brick and tile. We have made some progress in characterising the local schi stes - which are of very mixed character and considérable local variation - by identifying small quarries within the study area and comparing samples with material from buildings and from
  • them within the study area, it is probably impractical to attempt to instruct a teamamateurs to do so. However, it would be possible, in some areas, to be précise about the source of local building material and deduce patterns of its movement within the study area over time. More
  • quarry samples and some further limited testing of 'total' collection sites would therefore be useful, particularly from a site with a known, though collapsed, cadastral settlement; the nature of the red/yellow schi stes unevenly distributed on A107 and the grey/green schi ste
  • introduced into the field bounded by the lynchets and eut by Trench 1, need some further investigation. The next season Next year will see two main seasons of fieldwork: fieldwalking and small excavation from 22 March - 5 April 1986 and three weeks of excavation during September
  • : transects will be taken radially from the area of intensive study, and fields within them walked at 50m intervais. Excavation of Allô will begin, in order to ascertain the relationship of this year's excavated features with the settlement and at the same time make some assessment
RAP00566.pdf ((56). quatre communes du Morbihan : carentoir)
  • y managed landscapes associated with pet i ts further investigation because such château;-: , also warrant areas tend more traces of earlier landscapes. to préserve Add i t i on al 1 in some parts cadastral land— use, naming and road suggest. former settlement sites (Asti 11 p
  • s 10 (3.5) 24 (8.4) 23 (8.1) 57 (207.) 285 per transect and in tôt o. ) Of thèse concentrations, none produced predomi nantly Roman material although 17.57» produced some Roman material;; 12.37. had predomi nanti y médiéval, 22.87. predomi nant 1 y post-medi eval , and 8.8
  • near the northern boundary of Transect D (a Roman road) and in the nei ghbourhood of Marsac , La Ruaudaie and La Roche Pèlerin» Analysis of the spatial distribution of imported local schi stes » parti cul arl y those used for roofing material s in the area, produces some equally
  • marked patterns» Such schi stes were présent on most fields (largely as a resuit of manuring), with the exception of some areas of 1 an de in the northern part of Transect B and of some isolated, scattered fields (D6 and 7, E267) with no other surface material. However , it was again
  • contrast black and pink/purple roofing fragments occurred together in zones immediately north of the Ruffiac basin and west of the Trelo zone. It was also possible, in some cases, to distinguish a range of other schi stes that were imported from nearby local sources, probably as walling
  • of mixed 1 and— use. 1 an des (like B2S and D52) and meadow early ni net eenth-century (ilke BS7 and B90) demand some further investigation, since they previous to the nineteenth imply either arable use or settlement century; sites 1 i ke G21S, 220 and 221, lying in the di sti net i vel
  • of Augan commune centre, Here there was a marked change in topography - as the and in modem land management — as we moved also in the bedroc north 5 it was with steeper rnuch higher hi 1 1 s and some north/south valleys; but farms (and often fiel ds and houses) were biqger
  • obabl e ' Possi b 1 e ' N 4 .8 Î7 M ( 27. ) (8.97.) (13.3%) 3%) Total s 4 (1.9%) 20 (9.67.) 27 (12.97.) Fields wal ked 203 6 209 Tab 1 e Of thèse concentrations 9.87» produced some Roman and pré—Roman sherds; 9.87» had predomi nanti y médiéval, 54.97. prédominant! 1/ post
  • , 67. table wares of fabrics 5 and 6, and 47. storage vessels of fabric S. Most of T4 was dug by hand in a similar way to T3 , but in the later stages a machine was used to remove some of the colluvium. Two im-wide trenches were also eut by machine. One (T5) , 22m long, extended
  • ) to check the négative results from Ti 1 and T9. The sections of the trenches were cleaned by hand and recorded. In ail some 50 working days were spent on site? the average size of the team was seven. Trench 9 The plough soil was excavated in 10cm spits. The amount of pottery decreased
  • . The depth of the plough soil varied between 30 and 50cm and in some places overlay the natural clay subsoil and in others the natural bedrock. No archaeol ogi cal features were encountered ., Trench 11 The plough soil was excavated by hand and found to be between 35 and 45cm deep. It 1
  • presurnabl y some kind of hardstanding or floor (9) « The northern extent of the standing was established by augering and was found to peter out some three mètres north of the wall. The eastern extent. of the wall was similarly established and found to end 1 » 2m from T12, with no sign
  • of non-local qres and quartzite fragments. The fill was homogeneous and produced 3 médiéval and 7 Iron Age sherds. At the north end of T24, where the greatest depth of plough soil had sealed some shallow features eut into the natural, were located two small gulleys (49, 52/53), whose
  • Its in the holloway wi 1 i provide an interesting comparison with those samples taken -from the lower plough soi 1 s in T24 and T25 , which may be expected to be colluvial in charaicter. ^1 H80 (Treal ZN4b) 1-180 is located right on the western edge of Treal commune, some 150m
  • ; field names (landes and f ri ches) over the whole area indicate that it had not been characteri st i cal 1 y cultivated before the 1820s. The field was first wal ked in 1984 and was classified as a 'possible site' (médiéval). In April 1986 it was intensively wal ked and this produced
  • , T18, T19, T20, T21). The sections were cleaned by hand and recorded; the remains of the plough soil were removed, and the features thus revealed were excavated, by hand» Extensions were made in some trenches in order to clarify the character of some features, for example
  • fragments of tile (0.632kg) and 38 sherds of Iron Age pottery (0.396kg), some of which are rims (fig. 6, 1-180-3, 5 and 10). This layer also contained several large, f 1 at slabs of Cambrian si Itstone like that obtai natale from a narrow band 1.5km to the north of the field. The final
  • feature was recovered in Ti9 (19). Another pit (12) was also located to the north (75cm diameter, 45cm deep), and although the fill did contain some charcoal there was no évidence of burning in si t u as with 53. Trench 19 Three ditches were excavated in this trench (15, 16, 20) p
  • was then allowed to silt up , a layer of clay with some charcoal accumulated (60), followed by perhaps a more deliberate backfilling with more clay (58) and a mass of burnt stone which had been thrown in from the south (59). Thèse were nearly ail hard blocks of conglomerate (387.), quartzite
  • ) and may have been associated with the pit 19. Trench 20 Five ditches were excavated in this trench (33, 34, 35/50, 37/51, 40), and the détails are tabulated below. Ditch 40 included some blocks of hard stone similar to those from T19 (59). In two cases the ditches appear to have been
RAP03967 (QUIBERON (56). Beg-er-Vil à Quiberon. Un habitat du Mésolithique sur le littoral du Morbihan. Rapport de fouille programmée 2020 )
RAP00567.pdf ((56). quatre communes du Morbihan : carentoir)
  • within thèse transects were walked at 50m intervais, using collection units of 100m; some were too sodden for effective and damage-free surface collection. Field conditions, features, présence of varieties of schi ste and local pronunci at i ons were noted on standardi sed recording
  • forms. Ail available fields in Transects P and M and those in Transect R for a distance of some 7.75km were covered. Hence, 858 fields were walked (72 in P, 640 in M and 146 in R) , encompassing 1044 hectares: 8.57. of the surface area of Transect P (95 ha.), 18.77. of Transect M
  • .) 219 (25.57.) 858 Table 2: concentrations of surface material (percentage of fields walked per transect and in toto) Of thèse concentrations none had predomi nanti y Roman or prehistoric pottery but a small proportion had some Roman or pre-Roman sherds. Some concentrations had
  • : P M R Some Some pre—Rom. Roman 7 . 47. 11 . 17. 10. 67. 1 . 37. 6. 57. Table 3: Médiéval Post-medi eval 11. 17. 8. 17. 6 . 57. 48. 27. 32.57. 35. 5% Med. + Brick Post-med . 11.17. 18. 57. 3.87. 45.67. 51 . 57. Brick + pottery 11. 17. 107. 6 . 5 "
  • of material (15.67. 'possible', 177. 'probable' and 4.57. 'site'). Transect M itself produced unusually high quanti ti es of brick and tile, and a high proportion of its concentrations were characterized by brick and tile - some of which had Roman pottery associated. Transect R was notable
  • of concentrations characterized by médiéval pottery is much lower than in the core (where it was 54.77.), and that by post-medi eval much higher (20.47. in the core). The overall distribution of material nevertheless shares some characteristics with that in the core. Again there are 'blank
  • scatter with Roman material lies near the bourg of Comblessac and not on some distant periphery, as is more usual . In Transect M there were 'blank' areas on the banks of the River Aff and its tributaries but most notable was a very marked and very large 'blank' zone in the commune
  • of Bruc — for a distance of some 2.5km; thèse 'blank' fields begin already in the eastern part of Sixt commune though do not reach as far as the présent boundary of Pipriac on the east. Everything, including the shape of the fields, suggests that this is an area of late exploitation
  • of Pipriac was interesting. Some small plots beside houses in the town contained more médiéval material than post-med i eval . Near Pipriac, although some médiéval fabrics were recovered, post-medi eval sherds were far more notable. The distribution of material in gênerai reflects
  • . Previous work suggests that they reached the fields in the course of manuring and are therefore probably a useful indicator of pre-twenti eth-century manuring patterns. As in the core communes and in Transect N, it is again notable in thèse sample transects that there are some areas
  • material and not pink. Pink schi stes are found, however, in some discrète areas: close to south-eastern Carentoir, in western parts of the Bruc 'blank', in odd fields near Pipriac, around Patis de la Porte, Château La Frèche, La Glonnais, Malon and in small quantities around Les
  • examination o-F it. Preliminary examination of the pottery suggests that there are some distinctions between the fabrics collected between Pipriac and the Vilaine (Transect M, eastern portion) and those characteri sti c both of the core and of sample transects near it (N, P, R
  • and the western section of M). Some of the Roman fabrics in eastern ti had not been noted before, and included a late Roman roi 1 er-st amped sherd of Argonne ware from M447, near 'Château Gaillard', 2.5km east of Pipriac bourg ■ This ware has an essentially coastal distribution, although
  • there are finds from the Rance/ Vi 1 ai ne river Systems and one sherd from Pipriac is already known (Galliou 1977: 91-2). The médiéval fabrics from this eastern région seem to have less mica, fewer spi cul es and more grog. Some of the fields with Roman material are of particular interest
  • . Fieldwalking of the sample transects, as also total collection in the core, were 7 financed by the Leverhulme Trust, with some additional assistance from the University of London Central Research Fund and the University of Reading; archive work was financed by a grant from the British
RAP01768.pdf (le mésolithique en Bretagne. rapport de projet collectif de recherches)
RAP02567.pdf (REDON (35). carte archéologique communale. rapport d'étude)
  • extraite du procès-verbal d'une réunion du 10 novembre 1931 de la Société Archéologique d'Ille-et-Vilaine. C'est durant cette même séance du 10 novembre 1931 que sont présentés par l'abbé Raison différents objets provenant d'un tombeau découvert en août de la même année (figure 3, p. 8
  • , les impôts et la comptabilité depuis 1657, contient un procès verbal des droits perçus au port de Redon du temps des Ducs de Bretagne effectué en 1657 qui pourrait se révéler intéressant pour l'histoire du port. On y trouve aussi la mention d'un document concernant les travaux de
RAP03220.pdf (PLOUHARNEL, CARNAC (56). Goah Lêron : les monolithes enfouis de Goah Lêron et du Pusso. Rapport de diagnostic)
RAP00179.pdf (ERDEVEN (56). Kerhillio. rapport de sauvetage urgent.)
  • Direction des Antiquités Historiques avec l'aide de bénévoles. [1] - Z. Le Rouzic, Carnac-fouilles faites dans la région 1902-1903. Habitations gauloises de la station de Kerhillio, Commune d'Erdeven, BSPM, 1903, p. 256-264. H. WILMER,"Late celtic remains on the coast of Britanny
RAP01705.pdf (LA FEUILLÉE (29). goarem ar' manech)
  • semblable aux « lynchets » des « celtic fields » en Angleterre). Le secteur concerné, situé dans une zone « vide » (la montagne du Ruguellou de l'ancien cadastre de la commune ou aucune structure agraire n'est indiquée). Conclusion. Cette campagne de prospection et relevés
RAP01606.pdf (PLOUNÉOUR-TREZ (29). le souterrain du Viquet. rapport de sauvetage urgent)
RAP01504.pdf (SAINT-FRÉGANT (29). villa de Keradennec. rapport de fouille)
  • firme a travaillé de 150 à 190 ap. J-C. (cf Simpson-Stanfield, Central Gaulish Potters, p. 284). A 50 cm environ au-dessus de ce premier sol, un second sol bétonné est assis sur un blocage de cailloux qui se termine par un hérisson régulier. Il faut noter que le premier sol ne
RAP00425.pdf (CORSEUL (22). carrefour de Languenan et du chemin Saint-Jean. rapport de sauvetage urgent)
  • ,Central Gaulish Potiers,London, 1958. 0s= Osvvald, Fleure types on TS? Liverpool, 1936-1937. Fishbourne 1961-69= Cunliffe,3,Excavations at Pishbourne 1961-1969., vol II,Oxford,1971. Verulamium 197?= Frère, Sh, Verula.mium excava.t ions, vol I, Oxford, 1972. C0H= Cohen ,H,Descriation
RAP00999.pdf ((35). sites métallurgiques dans la région de Paimpont. rapport de prospection thématique)
  • METALLURGIE DU FER A PAIMPONT En NOIR, état de la recherche fin 1992 En ROUGE, les découvertes de 1993 \ V IGN 1/25000 extraits des cartes: *10 19 EST Paimpont *11 19 OUEST Guer *11 18 OUEST Montauban > la Prise Noun s 5- ) Bâtiments Minières attestées Tu -*yX Minières possibles
RAP02752_1.pdf (TRÉGUEUX (22). rocade d'agglomération briochine : enclos défensif, bâtiment public et habitat nucléé de la tène 2, et leurs développements à la période gallo-romaine et à l'époque médiévale. rapport de fouille)
RAP00741.pdf (SAINT-JACUT-DE-LA-MER (22). île des Ebihens. rapport de fouille programmée)
  • Retz des temps préhistoriques à la période mérovingienne, Thèse Hist. Archéol., Université de Tours, p. 160-165. TESSIER M., 1986 - L'âge du Fer en Pays de Retz, Revue Aquitania, Supplément 1, p. 188-189. WILNER N., 1907-1909 - Late Celtic remains on the coast od Britany comparable