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RAP03364.pdf (PLOUGASTEL-DAOULAS (29). Le Rocher de l'Impératrice. Rapport de FP 2014-2016)
RAP00565.pdf ((56). quatre communes du Morbihan : carentoir)
  • collection; phosphate analysis and soil magnetic susceptibil ity survey of the four selected areas; and excavation of part of a bank and lynchet near a field from which 'total' collection had previously been made. Three days (21-23 March) were spent in préparation by three people
  • , and one spent three days taking soil samples for analysis at the Institut National Agronomique Pari s-Grignon . The weather varied between bad and appalling for much of the three weeks, with plenty of rainfall , but the crop was not high and fields were often in idéal condition
  • and post-medieval pottery; 0221 had been classified as a 'possible site', with a prépondérance of médiéval pottery in an assemblage that included Roman wares; B216 was a 'blank' field which had produced no finds; B347 was classified as a 'site 1 , with Roman pottery predominating. Soil
  • samples for future phosphate analysis were taken from the topsoil in ail squares, at 5m intervais, and soil magnetic suscepti bi 1 i ty readings were also taken at 5m intervais, at the spot from which samples had been lifted. Fluxgate gradiometer readings were not taken since 1984
  • usters of other classes of material. 5 Excavations (EBS85 Tl and T2) Small -scale excavation of earthworks was undertaken in order to begin investigation of the soils and archaeology within field boundaries near sites identified in fieldwalking. As indicated previously, one
  • of the areas of greatest environmental potential lies in attention to the pedology and sedimentol ogy of the soils themselves, especially where this can be precisely rel ated to the archaeol ogi cal évidence (Astill and Davies 1984c: 58). The features chosen were close to A116
  • to facilitate excavation and recording. Soil was excavated using trowels and ail the finds, with the exception of schiste, were three-dimensional ly recorded. Because of the quantities recovered and the lack of time, the schi ste was collected in 5cm spits. The bad weather prevented total
  • of the 18 mètre squares) was dug. Soil samples for micromorphol ogical and pollen analysis were taken in columns from the sections, using purpose-made meta! containers. Small test holes were also eut by machine at every 15m to the north of Trench 1 (up the side of the south-facing valley
  • body of the lynchet and lay immediately below the modem plough soil. The loam and the plough soil produced 112 pièces of brick/tile and 92 sherds of pottery. Most of the pottery was of fabric 1 (64%), the most common médiéval type found in surface collections throughout the study
  • characteristic of the région in the sixteenth to early eighteenth centuries was notable: only 3% of post-medieval pottery was recovered, and that mostly modem. There was no apparent zoning of particular fabrics, which would suggest a constant accumulation of soil produced by near continuous
  • was made of redeposited natural clay; no associated structural features were observed nor dating évidence recovered. The bank appears to have been sufficiently big for soil to accumulate behind and eventually over it, thus producing a shallow lynchet. This soil was a homogeneous loam
  • practice. Since the two trenches showed différent amounts of soil buildup and material in the two areas, changes in manuring practice rather than lapse in cultivation may be more relevant in explaining the data from Trench 1. The land-use around Trench 2 clearly changed when
  • of the last year pollen analysis has been carried out on samples taken during 1984, in particular from buried soils beneath banks in woods near Le Vivier (not far from the excavation site) and Le Rond Point (Carentoir), areas of extensive 1 ande in the early nineteenth century. Although
  • not look profitable to pursue this work in the near future. The preliminary stages of analysis of the pedology and sedimentol ogy of the soils have been initiated. Dr Marie-Agnès Courty and M. N. Fedoroff, with their assistant Anne Gebhardt, visited the study area during the season
  • and proposed - as part of an investigation into the application of microscopic techniques to the identification of traces of agricultural and pastoral activities in the soils and sédiments a sustained programme of soil analysis in close association with other field and archive work
  • in the area. Samples were taken from Trench 1 and Trench 2; more will be taken during the summer; and micromorphological analysis will begin in September. The samples taken from 'total' collection sites in 1984 for phosphate analysis have ail been processed and a study was made
  • from the fields of the study area, and to pursue the problem of surface scatter arising from middens, it was decided to investigate phosphate and magnetic susceptibil ity readings from this known settlement with its known pattern of rubbish disposai. In December 1984 soil samples
  • for devoting their time and expertise to particular aspects of the project; to Dr R. Battarbee for testing samples containing diatoms, Dr T. Stevenson and Judi Darley for work on pollens, Robin Iles and Martin Cook for testing phosphate samples and Anne Gebhardt for micromorphological work
RAP03654 (PLOUGASTEL-DAOULAS (29). Le Rocher de l'Impératrice. Rapport intermédiaire 2018 de FP 2017-2019)
RAP02179.pdf (FOUESNANT (29). l'île aux Moutons. rapport de fp intermédiaire 2005 de fp 3 2005-2008)
RAP03453 (BAIS (35). Le Frêne : un enclos funéraire du 1 er âge du Fer. Rapport de fouille)
RAP00568.pdf ((56). quatre communes du Morbihan : carentoir)
  • loam lay under the plough soil (2). It contai ned little stone by comparison with the plough soil (59kg, as against 188kg) and very little clearly introduced stone (including only 1kg o-f 03-4, 27. o-f stone excavated); there were large amounts o-f charcoal , usually flecks although
  • o-f the trench because o-f lack of space for the spoil, so the trench was reduced in size to 6 X 3m. The pottery from this layer (2), like the stone fragments, provides a complète contrast with that of the plough soil. 61 sherds were found, ail of which were Irôn Age, the most
  • at the base of context 2, eut into what looked like a buried soil (32). AI 1 had si mi 1 ar fills of yel 1 owi sh-brown sandy loam with charcoal flecks. On the north side of the trench part of a large pit was excavated (3: lm wide, 0.42m deep > . It had a lower fi II with sliqhtly more
  • 2 and to the présent ground surface, that is it occurred at a higher level in the west end of T36 and sloped down to the east. It was on this surface that a spindle whorl of soft brown-yellow mudstone was found. Trench 37 The plough soil (13) was removed in three 0.1m spits
  • brick and tile (1.5B6kg) were recovered. This is in contrast to the 1 ower spit which had 31 sherds, 977 o-f which were Ir on Age, and the remaining sherd was post-medi eval ; 3 pièces (0.119kg) of brick and tile were f ound. The plough soil sealed a layer of compact, dul 1 yel 1 ow
  • ) . Comment The occurrence of médiéval and post-medi eval pottery in the plough soil, but not beneath , and the lack of conte;-; ts of thèse période would suggest that this matériel was not deriyed from SLib— surface features. Manuring might wel 1 account for the evenly distributed
  • without more extensive investigation. The séquence from T36 is important. The trench was sited on the highest part of the field, near the top of the slope, yet it has a much deeper stratification than T37 lower down the slope. The buried soil 32, with its charcoal, might represent
  • Roman site in the vicinity, and a few sherds in the topsoil, there is no trace of Roman settlement on this field and little to suggest Roman agricultural use. Présent évidence might suggest that the médiéval pottery in the plough soil derived from very heavy manuring, although
  • the stone in the plough soil of T36 included plenty of introduced building stone, which must have been carried more than 1 km to this spot; this stone, then, may in tact dérive from the collapse of some nearby structure of médiéval date (cf. H132 below). It is just possible
  • sett 1 ement . In 1986 the plough soil in T2B
  • : it took il days, usually with a team of 8, in ail involving 81 working days Trench 28 The backfilled plough soil was removed and the ditch (10) rel ocated . In 1986 it seemed that this ditch had eut through a har dstand i ng or- floor (9); this was in fact the surface of thé pâturai
  • and irnplied that p>lough damage was greater than anticipated. 4m of the 6m length of the exposed ditch was excavated: it was steep sided with a fiai, bottom (0.8m deep and 1.3m wide). The ditch sloped down towards the east. It was filied with a silty soil with rounded quartz pebbles
  • , loosely compacted quart:-: pebble conglomerate and riverine gravel . The lower fill (17) had more stone (47.7kg) than the upper (16: 19.6kg): the différence may reflect two separate dumps of soil; the cleanness of the fillings, the comparât i vel y small number of finds and the lack
  • the same corner and was 4.5m long; T44 was eut north from the north-east corner of T28 for 4.4m (fig. 3). In T42 two ditches were located eut into the natural . One (24) was lm wide and about 0.2m deep and was fi lied with a loam (23) similar to the plough soil. The other (39) was much
  • marks the north b oun d ar y of t h e field. None of the trenches produced structural évidence though the plough soil contai ned large blocks of stone which were cl early derived from a building. It is qui te possible that the buildings were located right. on the ridge, and therefore
  • underneath the présent track. Trench 29 The plough soil s (3 and 4) were removed to the level that was reached at the end of the? 1986 season. A modem pit (7 and 8) was rel ocated aïs was ai ditch (5) in the north of the trench. A shallow and i rr egular modem trench was also found (18
  • ) . At a later stage two further trenches were eut mechanically 30m either side of T39 (T40 to the south, T41 to the north). The sides of the trenches were cleaned by hand and recorded; the lowest part of the plough soil and features were excavated by hand. In one case T39 was extended (T46
  • soil varied from 0.15m on the top of the ridge (the south-west end of T40) to 0.4m at the north-east, down-slope, end. The plough soil (57, 78) overlay the natural clay subsoil (79), into which features had been eut. The shallowness of the plough soil and regular ploughing probably
  • explain the lack of features over the ridge (the most southerly 35m of T40) . The features, three ditches, apparently concentrated on the brow of the slope. Ail three had shallow sided 'U' shaped profiles and loam fills which were similar in character to the plough soil. The most
  • to have been dug parai lel to one another, but they were not. equi distant (13.8m between 51 and 53; 11.7m between 53 and 55). Trench 39 T39 was lB3m long; it stretched from the ridge to the bottom of the valley slope and sectioned the two earthworks. The depth of the plough soil
RAP00566.pdf ((56). quatre communes du Morbihan : carentoir)
  • through an 8mm mesh. The density of finds in this plough soil was low, as the following table shows s depth no. of finds recovered by hand no. of finds in control T3 surface (fieldwalking) 0—10 cm 10-20 cm 20—30 cm T4 surface (fieldwalking) 0-20 cm 20-40 cm 40-60 cm 60-70 cm 1 6 9
  • 4 2 N/A 2 1 Table 3 T3 did not produce évidence of structures. The plough soil was only 30cm deep, with pl ough-scarred natural schi ste immediately below it. It is therefore likely that any structural évidence in this high part of the field has been destroyed by ploughing, a f
  • with plough soil. A small négative feature, 20cm wide, was also noted in section. Neither feature produced finds. The pottery from the plough soil of bot h T3 and T7 was entirely médiéval, and of a similar character to that recovered from the surface, that is 907. coarse wares of fabric 1
  • and were 14cm and 20cm (contexte 4 and 5 respecti vel y ) deeps eamples for pollen and soil analysis were taken from context 5» No finds were recovered from the features, but four sherds of pottery came from the surface of the ditch fillings, whose ■fabrics were différent from those
  • fa\bric was coarse, with lairge angular lumps of quartz (2—4mm) and no mica» This pottery maiy be prehistoric and could indicate the date of the features excavated in T4» Overlying thèse features was about 70cm of a 1 oamy soil, interpreted as colluvium. The long exposure
  • represent the; original soil which formed the lynchet» A column of saimples was taken through the de;posits for soil analysis. Pottery from the colluvium was médiéval, similar to that recovered from the surface and from the other trenches; the majority were coarse wares (547. of fabric 1
  • , 387. of fabric 3), with a small amount of fabric 5, a fine ware (87). The résulte of thèse excavations are important» It is clear from T3 and T7 that where soils are shallow the only archaeol ogi cal features that are likely to survive are those il which cleeply penetrate
  • a wide range of places) numbered twenty-one, including the directors and Alan Lane, and worked for ei ghteen days, from 7 September , with two days off? Anne Gebhardt joined it for soil sampling for the second half of the season, and was assisted by a f ri end for the 1 ast week
  • ) to check the négative results from Ti 1 and T9. The sections of the trenches were cleaned by hand and recorded. In ail some 50 working days were spent on site? the average size of the team was seven. Trench 9 The plough soil was excavated in 10cm spits. The amount of pottery decreased
  • . The depth of the plough soil varied between 30 and 50cm and in some places overlay the natural clay subsoil and in others the natural bedrock. No archaeol ogi cal features were encountered ., Trench 11 The plough soil was excavated by hand and found to be between 35 and 45cm deep. It 1
  • not reveal were any f eat ures ., Trench 12 The trench was excavated by machine and -for most of its 28m length merely provided a record of the depth of plough soil» However in its extrême north end a section of stone walling was excavated- The wall, 30cm high, consisted of coursed
  • blocks of schi s te and conglomérats which were bonded with a thin yellow clay. it was 80— 90cm thick and was laid directly on to a compactée! plough soil (8). Butted on to the north face of the wall was a dense layer of smal I (15—20cm in diameter) pièces of shale and sandstone
  • , was dug into an apparently natural subsoil (5). This was filled with blocks of schi ste (including slate) and congl omerate , most of which showed no sign of having been worked (11). A silty soil had accumulated in the interstices of thèse stones, and this produced 11 sherds of pottery
  • ) layer of 'Pplough soil (2) accumulated over the filled-in pit and the rest of the trench. The pottery suggests that this Dccurred during the post-medi eval period for 13 sherds of post -med i eval pottery were found; 39 médiéval sherds (28 of group 1, 3 of group 3 and 8 of a new
  • (from east to west s T23 , T24 , Iron Age pottery could be T25) , suc h that the areas producing of the trenches were cleaned by hand and tested. The si des part of the plough soil was excavated by recorded; the lowest features located thereby. The trenches were hand, as were
  • working days were spent on site and the average size of the team was six. Trench 25 This was the most westerly trench and was 39m long. The depth of plough soil varied from 36cm at the south, uphill, end to 1.10m lower down the valley side. The plough soil (1, 36) overlay the natural
  • produced no finds. However seven abraded body sherds of Iron Age pottery were recovered from the surface of the .natural . Trench 24 of the plough soil ranged from T24 was 81m long, and the depth the si ope. The clay 15cm at. the top to 1.0m at the bottom of ow the plough soil
  • of non-local qres and quartzite fragments. The fill was homogeneous and produced 3 médiéval and 7 Iron Age sherds. At the north end of T24, where the greatest depth of plough soil had sealed some shallow features eut into the natural, were located two small gulleys (49, 52/53), whose
  • fill contained only Iron Age pottery (3 and 4 sherds respect! vel y) , and the end of a small ditch or pit ( 50 ) . Trench 23 This trench was 42m long, and for the most part the plough soil (varying in depth between 25cm and 45cm) rested on the undi sturbed natural subsoil and schi
  • schi ste. Dver the bottom had been laid a layer of compactée! schi ste in which there was at 1 east one rut. (64). On this surface accumulated a layer of silt (63), which was in turn covered by soil which had been tipped in from the south edge of the holloway (61, 62). A new surface
RAP02649.pdf (LILLEMER (35). le Haut Charles. rapport de fouille)
  • grandement facilité l’étude micromorphologique et surtout la mise en relation entre horizons discernables en macro / microscopie et celles observées en coupe. Cl.3 (J.- N. Guyodo) : zone 2, fouille de la tourbière. Dans la tourbière, notamment en zone 2 côté nord, la remontée fréquente
RAP03493 (QUIBERON (56). Beg er Vil : un habitat du Mésolithique sur le littoral du Morbihan. Rapport intermédiaire de FP)
RAP02402.pdf (MOLÈNE (29). beg ar loued : un habitat en pierres sèches campaniforme. rapport intermédiaire 2008 de fp 2007-2009)
RAP03741 (CHATEAUNEUF-DU-FAOU (29). Magorven , Mise en 2x2 voies de la N164 : Une nécropole de l'âge du Bronze ancien II-début du Bronze moyen, un établissement rural du Haut-Empire et des charbonnières médiévales. Rapport de fouille)
RAP03240.pdf (PLOUEZOC'H (29). Grand cairn de Barnenez : nouvelles approches, nouveaux résultats, nouvelles perspectives. Rapport de FP 2015)
  • , L. Benetau-Douillard, G. Mens E. 2015 - Raman microscopy of prehistoric paintings in French megalithic monuments, Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, DOI: 10.1002/jrs.4852 - Le troisième volet de ce rapport présente les données exposées au Centre des Monuments Nationaux pour une mise
RAP02365.pdf (FOUESNANT (29). l'île Saint-Nicolas. rapport de fouille programmée 2007)
  • . 1975 - Micromorphology of organic matter. In : J.E. Gieseking (éd.), Soil components. Organic components vol. 1, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heifelberg, New York, p. 369-473. BENARD (CMDT), FAVRET (ABBE), BOISSELIER G., MONOD TH. 1921 - Deuxième campagne de fouilles dans la région de
  • Publications, Wolverhampton. COURTY M-A., GOLBERG P., MACPHAIL R.-I. 1989 - Soils and micromorphology in archaeology. Cambridge University Press, 340 p. DAIRE 1992 - Les céramiques armoricaines de la fin de l'Age du Fer. Travaux du Laboratoire d'Anthropologie, Université de Rennes I, n°39
  • et fonctionnelles des écosystèmes illustrées par le rôle pédobiologique des vers de terre. La vie dans les sols. Gauthier-Villars, Paris, pp. 187-210. BULLOCK P., FEDOROFF N„ JONGERIUS A., STOOPS G., TURSINA T., BABEL U. 1985 - Handbook for soil thin section, Waine Research
RAP02448.pdf (SAINT-VOUGAY (29). l'esplanade nord du château de Kerjean. archéologie des jardins. rapport final de synthèse de fp2 1998-1999.)
RAP03047.pdf (QUIBERON (56). beg er vil : un habitat du mésolithique sur le littoral du Morbihan. rapport intermédiaire de fp 2013-2015)